Writing Citations Ellie Ransom Research Services Coordinator ellie.ransom@columbia.edu

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<p>Plagiarism</p> <p>Writing CitationsEllie RansomResearch Services Coordinatorellie.ransom@columbia.eduLets discuss plagiarism and how to avoid it.</p> <p>1What is plagiarism?the use of words, phrases, or ideas belonging to another, without properly citing or acknowledging the source.Your first question may be, What is plagiarism?</p> <p>Columbia University defines plagiarism as the use of words, phrases, or ideas belonging to another, without properly citing or acknowledging the source.</p> <p>The important part of this sentence is the second half, without properly citing or acknowledging the source.</p> <p>We all refer to others peoples work when writing our own papers or articles, but it is imperative that we cite where those references came from.2How to avoid plagiarizing?By citing your sourcesRemember that proper citations are expected within papers, articles, posters, and code. 3When to cite your sources?</p> <p>Remember that proper citations are expected within papers, articles, posters, and code. 4bit.ly/CScitationquiz5How to cite your sources?Remember that proper citations are expected within papers, articles, posters, and code. 6Some Common Citation StylesAmerican Chemical SocietyAmerican Institute of PhysicsAmerican Mathematical Society American Medical AssociationAmerican Psychological Association (6th edition)American Society of Mechanical Engineers CellChicago Manual of StyleIEEEGeological Society of America Modern Language Association (7th edition)National Library of MedicineNatureScienceThere are over 7,000 in use, so find the one best suited for your purposes.The style may be dictated by the professor you are doing an assignment for </p> <p>or a journal you are submitting an article to. </p> <p>Make sure you are using the correct citation style requested.</p> <p>For example electrical engineering professors may require you to use the IEEE style guide,</p> <p>or if you are submitting a paper to a journal such as Science, the journal may require you to use their style guide.</p> <p>Be sure to inquire if a specific citation style is required for any paper or assignment.7Find the IEEE Style GuideThe style may be dictated by the professor you are doing an assignment for </p> <p>or a journal you are submitting an article to. </p> <p>Make sure you are using the correct citation style requested.</p> <p>For example electrical engineering professors may require you to use the IEEE style guide,</p> <p>or if you are submitting a paper to a journal such as Science, the journal may require you to use their style guide.</p> <p>Be sure to inquire if a specific citation style is required for any paper or assignment.8https://www.ieee.org/documents/style_manual.pdfIEEE Style GuidePage 34!The style may be dictated by the professor you are doing an assignment for </p> <p>or a journal you are submitting an article to. </p> <p>Make sure you are using the correct citation style requested.</p> <p>For example electrical engineering professors may require you to use the IEEE style guide,</p> <p>or if you are submitting a paper to a journal such as Science, the journal may require you to use their style guide.</p> <p>Be sure to inquire if a specific citation style is required for any paper or assignment.9Citation StylesIEEE</p> <p>What type of in text citation you use and the layout of your bibliography depends on the citation style.</p> <p>What style you use depends on what your professor suggests, which will probably relate to your field of study. </p> <p>The style you use could also depend on the journal you are trying to publish in.</p> <p>Here are some examples of different citation styles. </p> <p>This is IEEE. </p> <p>This style is used by all IEEE journals and is often used in electrical engineering research.</p> <p>The in-text citation is a bracketed number.</p> <p>The bibliography is included at the end of your paper and resources are listed in order of appearance in your paper.10Citation FormatIEEEperiodical[1] J. K. Author, Name of paper, Abbrev. Title of Periodical, vol. x, no. x, pp. xxx-xxx, Abbrev. Month, year.11Citation FormatIEEEbook chapter[1] J. K. Author, Title of chapter in the book, in Title of His Published Book, xth ed. City of Publisher, (only U.S. State), Country: Abbrev. of Publisher, year, ch. x, sec. x, pp. xxxxxx. 12Citation FormatIEEEwebpage[1] J. K. Author. (year). Title of webpage. [Online]. Available: URL, Accessed on: Abbrev. Month. day, year.13Lets Try Some!14</p> <p>IEEE/ACM TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORKING, VOL. 20, NO. 5, OCTOBER 2012</p> <p>FYI!Wiley is headquartered in Hoboken, NJCitation Managementhttp://library.columbia.edu/research/citation-management.html</p> <p>The best way to keep track of all your references is to use a reference manager. </p> <p>The three that Columbia Libraries recommend are EndNote, Mendeley, or Zotero. </p> <p>Using a reference manager allows you to easily place in-text citations, create bibliographies, and to change between different citation styles.</p> <p>You can read more about each tool by following the link below: </p> <p>http://library.columbia.edu/research/citation-management.html17Brief Demo</p> <p>The best way to keep track of all your references is to use a reference manager. </p> <p>The three that Columbia Libraries recommend are EndNote, Mendeley, or Zotero. </p> <p>Using a reference manager allows you to easily place in-text citations, create bibliographies, and to change between different citation styles.</p> <p>You can read more about each tool by following the link below: </p> <p>http://library.columbia.edu/research/citation-management.html18</p> <p>Always cite your sources using proper citation styles.</p> <p>Paraphrasing can be difficult, so practice. Poorly paraphrased ideas are still considered plagiarism.</p> <p>Use citation management software to stay organized and to help you cite properly.</p> <p>If you have any further questions, please contact your friendly librarians.19</p> <p>Always cite your sources using proper citation styles.</p> <p>Paraphrasing can be difficult, so practice. Poorly paraphrased ideas are still considered plagiarism.</p> <p>Use citation management software to stay organized and to help you cite properly.</p> <p>If you have any further questions, please contact your friendly librarians.20SummaryCite your sourcesCitation ManagementAsk us!ref-sci@columbia.eduAlways cite your sources using proper citation styles.</p> <p>Paraphrasing can be difficult, so practice. Poorly paraphrased ideas are still considered plagiarism.</p> <p>Use citation management software to stay organized and to help you cite properly.</p> <p>If you have any further questions, please contact your friendly librarians.21Images sourced from:Slide 2 Columbia College. (n.d.). College and University Policies. Retrieved from http://www.college.columbia.edu/bulletin/university policies.php</p> <p>Slide 4 http://www.samplewords.com/assignment-paperhttp://www.latextemplates.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/08/article_21.pnghttp://education.byu.edu/sites/default/departments/identity/images/templates/poster1.pnghttp://blogs.adobe.com/typblography/files/2012/09/SourceCodeSplash.png</p> <p>Slide 9 Acar, M. (1997). Mechatronics challenge for the higher education world. IEEE Transactions on Components, Packaging, and Manufacturing Technology: Part C, 20(1), 1420. doi:10.1109/3476.585140</p> <p>Slide 14 Y. Li, B. Q. Zhao, and J. C. S. Lui, On modeling product advertisement in large-scale online social networks, IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 14121425, 2012.</p> <p>Slide 15 P. Kulkarni, Reinforcement and Systemic Machine Learning for Decision Making, in Reinforcement and Systemic Machine Learning for Decision Making, Hoboken, NJ, USA: John Wiley &amp; Sons, Inc., 2012, pp. 121.</p> <p>22Questions?ref-sci@columbia.eduAlways cite your sources using proper citation styles.</p> <p>Paraphrasing can be difficult, so practice. Poorly paraphrased ideas are still considered plagiarism.</p> <p>Use citation management software to stay organized and to help you cite properly.</p> <p>If you have any further questions, please contact your friendly librarians.23</p> <p>Always cite your sources using proper citation styles.</p> <p>Paraphrasing can be difficult, so practice. Poorly paraphrased ideas are still considered plagiarism.</p> <p>Use citation management software to stay organized and to help you cite properly.</p> <p>If you have any further questions, please contact your friendly librarians.24</p>