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- 1. 1 91 4-1 91 8:Th e Worldat War
- 2. Differing Viewpoints Family Feud The War to End All Wars The War to Make theWorld Safe for Democracy
- 3. C au s e s of th eWar
- 4. MAIN-IM Militarism & militaryplanning Alliance System Imperialism Nationalism Intellectual Context Mass Politics
- 5. Family Feud! Most of the Monarchs of Europe wererelated by blood somehow. Queen Victoria was Tsar Nicholass Aunt,Kaiser Wilhelms grandmother, and manyothers were related. This led to complications with loyaltiesand alliances in strained diplomatic times.
- 6. 1. Militarism & Arms RaceTotal Defense Expenditures for the GreatPowers [Ger., A-H, It., Fr., Br., Rus.]in millions of s.187018801890 19001910 1914 94 130 154268 2893981910-1914 Increase in Defense ExpendituresFrance 10%Britain13%Russia 39% Germany 73%
- 7. 2. The Alliance SystemTriple Entente: Triple Alliance:
- 8. Two Armed Camps!Allied Powers:Central Powers: Face-off
- 9. The Major Players: 1914-17 Allied Powers: Central Powers:Nicholas II [Rus]Wilhelm II [Ger]George V [Br] Victor EmmanuelII [It]Enver Pasha [Turkey] Pres. Poincare [Fr]Franz Josef [A-H]
- 10. Europe in 1914
- 11. 3. Imperial Rivalries
- 12. 4. Aggressive Nationalism
- 13. Pan-Slavism: The Balkans, 1914The Powder Keg of Europe
- 14. Th e S p arkth at b e ganE ve ryth ing
- 15. Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand & His Family
- 16. The Assassination: 1914 Sarajevo
- 17. The Assassin: Gavrilo Princip, Black Hand Serbian militant nationalist group
- 18. Whos To Blame?
- 19. The Schlieffen Plan
- 20. Schlieffen Plan-August 1914 The German War Plan To defeat France militarily through Belgium in less thana month, and then turn attentions to Russia Germans sent 78 infantry divisions into France. Met by72 French divisions Germans won initially./Then Russians came in anddistracted and separated the troops. British troops also came in against the Germans. The Battle of The Marne followed in September.
- 21. German Atrocities in Belgium
- 22. Mobilization Home by Christmas! No major warin 50 years! Nationalism!Its a long way to Tipperary, Its a long way to go; Its a long way to Tipperary, To the sweetest girl I know! Goodbye, Piccadilly, Farewell, Leicester Square, Its a long, long way to Tipperary, But my hearts right there!
- 23. Recruitment Posters
- 24. A Young Australian Recruit
- 25. Recruits of theCentral Powers A German Soldier Says Farewell toHis Mother Austro-Hungarians
- 26. New French Recruits
- 27. A German Boy Pretends to Be a Soldier
- 28. Soldiers Mobilized 14 12 10Millions86420France Germany Russia Britain
- 29. Wom e nand th eWar E ffort
- 30. Financing the War
- 31. For Recruitment
- 32. Munitions Workers
- 33. French Women FactoryWorkers
- 34. German Women Factory Workers
- 35. Working in the Fields
- 36. A Woman Ambulance Driver
- 37. Red Cross Nurses
- 38. Women in the Army Auxiliary
- 39. Russian Women Soldiers
- 40. Spies Mata Hari Real Name: Margareetha Geertruide Zelle German Spy!
- 41. Women in Action
- 42. Pos te rs : Wartim eP rop aganda
- 43. Australian Poster
- 44. American Poster
- 45. Financing the War
- 46. German Poster Think of Your Children!
- 47. Th e We s te rnFront: A War ofAttrition
- 48. A Multi-Front War
- 49. The Battle of the Marne Sept. 1914 The Schleiffen Plandestroyed! The ideaof defeating France in6 weeks was crushedwhen the Germanswere forced to retreat. At the River Marne inFrance, trenches weredug along on bothsides 300 miles andeventually caused astalemate with yearsof trench warfarefollowing.
- 50. The Taxi Brigade Paris taxis transport6,000 French troops tothe front for the Battle ofthe Marne. Communications andtransport not all up andrunning enough totransport soldiers to frontline trenches.
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