www.mhhe.com/fourps chapter fourteen for use only with perreault/cannon/mccarthy or...

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www.mhhe.com/fourps CHAPTER FOURTEEN For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCa rthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin Promotion – Introduction to Integrated Marketing Communications

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Page 1: Www.mhhe.com/fourps CHAPTER FOURTEEN For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin

www.mhhe.com/fourps

CHAPTER FOURTEENCHAPTER FOURTEEN

For use only withPerreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts.© 2008 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.McGraw-Hill/Irwin

Promotion –Introduction to Integrated Marketing Communications

Promotion –Introduction to Integrated Marketing Communications

Page 2: Www.mhhe.com/fourps CHAPTER FOURTEEN For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin

When we finish this lecture you should

1. Know the advantages and disadvantages of the promotion methods a marketing manager can use in strategy planning.

2. Understand the integrated marketing communications concept and why most firms use a blend of different promotion methods.

3. Understand the importance of promotion objectives.

4. Know how the communication process affects promotion planning.

5. Know how direct-response promotion is helping marketers develop more targeted promotion blends.

Page 3: Www.mhhe.com/fourps CHAPTER FOURTEEN For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin

When we finish this lecture you should

6. Understand how customer-initiated interactive communication is different.

7. Know how typical promotion plans are blended to get an extra push from middlemen and help from customers in pulling products through the channel.

8. Understand how promotion blends typically vary over the adoption curve and product life cycle.

9. Understand how to determine how much to spend on promotion efforts.

Page 4: Www.mhhe.com/fourps CHAPTER FOURTEEN For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin

Marketing Strategy Planning Process

Page 5: Www.mhhe.com/fourps CHAPTER FOURTEEN For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin

Promotion and Marketing Strategy Planning(Exhibit 14-1)

CH 16: Advertising & CH 16: Advertising & Sales Promotion Sales Promotion

Promotion Promotion methodsmethods

Managing Managing promotionpromotion

Effective Effective communicationcommunication

Blending Blending promotion promotion

CH 15: Personal CH 15: Personal Selling and Customer Selling and Customer ServiceService

CH 14: Promotion Intro. To Integrated Marketing Communications

Page 6: Www.mhhe.com/fourps CHAPTER FOURTEEN For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin

Mass SellingMass SellingMass SellingMass Selling

Personal SellingPersonal SellingPersonal SellingPersonal Selling

Several Promotion Methods Are Available

Sales PromotionSales Promotion

PROMOTIONPROMOTION

METHODSMETHODSAdvertisingAdvertising PublicityPublicity

Page 7: Www.mhhe.com/fourps CHAPTER FOURTEEN For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin

Sales Promotion Tries to Spark Immediate Interest(Exhibit 14-2)

Page 8: Www.mhhe.com/fourps CHAPTER FOURTEEN For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin

Sales Promotion

Page 9: Www.mhhe.com/fourps CHAPTER FOURTEEN For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin

Sales Promotion Managers

Sales Promotion Managers

Sales Promotion Managers

Sales Promotion Managers

Advertising Managers

Advertising ManagersAdvertising Managers

Advertising ManagersSales ManagersSales ManagersSales ManagersSales Managers

Someone Must Plan, Integrate, and Manage the Promotion Blend

Marketing Mangers

Marketing Mangers

IntegratedMarketing

Communications

Page 10: Www.mhhe.com/fourps CHAPTER FOURTEEN For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin

PersuadingPersuading

InformingInformingInformingInforming

PersuadingPersuading

Which Method to Use Depends on Promotion Objectives

RemindingReminding

Page 11: Www.mhhe.com/fourps CHAPTER FOURTEEN For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin

© 2008 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., McGraw-Hill/Irwin

Reminding May Be Enough

Page 12: Www.mhhe.com/fourps CHAPTER FOURTEEN For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin

Promotion Objectives Relate to the Adoption Process and AIDA Mode (Exhibit 14-3)

Promotion Objectives

Adoption Process

AIDA Model

Informing

Awareness

Interest

Attention

Interest

Persuading

Evaluation

Trial Desire

Reminding

Decision

Confirmation Action

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Page 13: Www.mhhe.com/fourps CHAPTER FOURTEEN For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin

© 2008 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., McGraw-Hill/Irwin

Interactive Exercise: AIDA

Page 14: Www.mhhe.com/fourps CHAPTER FOURTEEN For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin

Promotion Requires Effective Communication (Exhibit 14-4)

Page 15: Www.mhhe.com/fourps CHAPTER FOURTEEN For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin

Encoding & Decoding Depend on a Common Frame of Reference (Exhibit 14-5)

Page 16: Www.mhhe.com/fourps CHAPTER FOURTEEN For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin

© 2008 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., McGraw-Hill/Irwin

Encoding and Decoding

Page 17: Www.mhhe.com/fourps CHAPTER FOURTEEN For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin

The Message Channel and Noise Are Important Too (Exhibit 14-4)

Page 18: Www.mhhe.com/fourps CHAPTER FOURTEEN For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin

Integrated Direct-Response Promotion Is Very Targeted

Target DirectlyWith a DatabaseTarget Directly

With a DatabaseTarget Directly

With a DatabaseTarget Directly

With a Database

More Than Direct Mail

More Than Direct MailMore Than Direct Mail

More Than Direct Mail

Ethical ConcernsEthical Concerns

Page 19: Www.mhhe.com/fourps CHAPTER FOURTEEN For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin

The Customer May Initiate the Communication Process (Exhibit 14-6)

Page 20: Www.mhhe.com/fourps CHAPTER FOURTEEN For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin

Ron Popeil has been a pioneer in the use of direct-response television “informercials.” Over the years his infomercials have promoted many products, including the Showtime Rotisserie Barbecue, a food dehydrating machine, and the world-famous “Veg-O-Matic.” The chief advantage of the infomercial is that it provides plenty of time to describe and demonstrate a product’s benefits in detail.The choice of the infomercial is related mainly to the _________ element of the communication process.

A. message channelB. encodingC. decodingD. feedbackE. noise

Checking your knowledge

Page 21: Www.mhhe.com/fourps CHAPTER FOURTEEN For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin

How Typical Promotion Plans Are Blended and Integrated (Exhibit 14-7)

Page 22: Www.mhhe.com/fourps CHAPTER FOURTEEN For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin

Other Promotional Elements of Pushing

Page 23: Www.mhhe.com/fourps CHAPTER FOURTEEN For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin

Pulling – Demand Pulls the Product through the Channel (Exhibit 14-7)

Page 24: Www.mhhe.com/fourps CHAPTER FOURTEEN For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin

An Example of Pulling

Page 25: Www.mhhe.com/fourps CHAPTER FOURTEEN For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin

Fido, Inc. is a producer of dog food and is getting ready to introduce a new brand. The firm’s marketing research department learns that a competitor is planning to launch another brand about two weeks after Fido’s launch. Fido’s marketing department quickly mails a set of dated coupons to several thousand consumers in a purchased database of dog owners, encouraging them to ask for the new Fido brand in their favorite store and to stock up on the new brand using the coupons. This is an example of:

A. pulling.B. noise.C. pushing.D. encoding.E. decoding.

Checking your knowledge

Page 26: Www.mhhe.com/fourps CHAPTER FOURTEEN For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin

Adoption Processes Can Guide Promotion Planning (Exhibit 14-8)

Page 27: Www.mhhe.com/fourps CHAPTER FOURTEEN For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin

Appeal for Innovators

Because life is too short to waste time. Wouldn’t it be nice if

your refrigerator could do your

shopping on the Internet?

Page 28: Www.mhhe.com/fourps CHAPTER FOURTEEN For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin

© 2008 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., McGraw-Hill/Irwin

Stimulating Adoption of an Image

Page 29: Www.mhhe.com/fourps CHAPTER FOURTEEN For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin

Promotion Blends Vary Over the Life Cycle

““This new This new idea is good”idea is good”

““Our brand is Our brand is best”best”

““Our brand is Our brand is better, really”better, really”

““Let’s tell Let’s tell those who those who

still want our still want our product”product”

Page 30: Www.mhhe.com/fourps CHAPTER FOURTEEN For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin

Nature of Competition Requires Different Promotion

Page 31: Www.mhhe.com/fourps CHAPTER FOURTEEN For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin

Budgeting from Uncommitted Resources

Budgeting from Uncommitted Resources

Budgeting from Uncommitted Resources

Budgeting from Uncommitted Resources

Budgeting by Sales UnitBudgeting by Sales UnitBudgeting by Sales UnitBudgeting by Sales Unit

Matching the CompetitionMatching the CompetitionMatching the CompetitionMatching the Competition

Percentage of SalesPercentage of SalesPercentage of SalesPercentage of Sales

Setting the Promotion Budget

Task MethodTask Method

Page 32: Www.mhhe.com/fourps CHAPTER FOURTEEN For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin

You now

1. Know the advantages and disadvantages of the promotion methods a marketing manager can use in strategy planning.

2. Understand the integrated marketing communications concept and why most firms use a blend of different promotion methods.

3. Understand the importance of promotion objectives.

4. Know how the communication process affects promotion planning.

5. Know how direct-response promotion is helping marketers develop more targeted promotion blends.

Page 33: Www.mhhe.com/fourps CHAPTER FOURTEEN For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin

You now

6. Understand how customer-initiated interactive communication is different.

7. Know how typical promotion plans are blended to get an extra push from middlemen and help from customers in pulling products through the channel.

8. Understand how promotion blends typically vary over the adoption curve and product life cycle.

9. Understand how to determine how much to spend on promotion efforts.

Page 34: Www.mhhe.com/fourps CHAPTER FOURTEEN For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin

• Promotion

• Personal selling

• Mass selling

• Advertising

• Publicity

• Sales promotion

• Sales managers

• Advertising managers

• Public relations

• Sales promotion managers

• Integrated marketing communications

• AIDA model

• Communication process

• Source

• Receiver

• Noise

• Encoding

• Decoding

• Message channel

• Pushing

Key Terms

Page 35: Www.mhhe.com/fourps CHAPTER FOURTEEN For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin

• Pulling

• Adoption curve

• Innovators

• Early adopters

• Early majority

• Late majority

• Laggards

• Nonadopters

• Primary demand

• Selective demand

• Task method

Key Terms