www.mhhe.com/fourps product management and new-product development for use only with...

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www.mhhe.com/fourps Product Management and New-Product Development For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCa rthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin CHAPTER NINE

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www.mhhe.com/fourps

Product Management and New-Product Development

Product Management and New-Product Development

For use only withPerreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts.© 2008 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.McGraw-Hill/Irwin

CHAPTER NINE

1. Understand how product life cycles affect strategy planning.

2. Know what is involved in designing new products and what “new products” really are.

3. Understand the new-product development process.

4. See why product liability must be considered in screening new products.

5. Understand the need for product or brand managers.

6. Understand how total quality management can improve goods and services.

When we finish this lecture you should

Product Decisions for Marketing Strategy Planning (Exhibit 9-1)

CH 9: ProductCH 9: ProductManagement & Management & New-ProductNew-ProductDevelopmentDevelopment

CH 8: Elements ofCH 8: Elements ofProduct Planning forProduct Planning forGoods & ServicesGoods & Services

The product life The product life cyclecycle

• Life cycle stagesLife cycle stages• Strategy planning Strategy planning

for stagesfor stages

New-product New-product developmentdevelopment

• 5 Step process5 Step process• Success factorsSuccess factors

Managing brandsManaging brands• Product Product

managersmanagers

Role of Product Management and New-Product Development in Marketing Strategy (Exhibit 9-1)

Total industry Total industry profit (initially loss)profit (initially loss)

Total industry Total industry salessales

Managing Products over Their Life Cycles (Exhibit 9-2)

Market Introduction – Investing in the Future

Monopolistic Competition Develops

Monopolistic Competition Develops

Monopolistic Competition Develops

Monopolistic Competition Develops

Innovation Attracts Competition

Innovation Attracts Competition

Innovation Attracts Competition

Innovation Attracts Competition

Market Growth – Profits Go Up and Down

Profits Peak and Then Decline

Profits Peak and Then Decline

Don’t Ignore Long-Term Competitive Trends!Don’t Ignore Long-Term Competitive Trends!

Persuasive, More Costly Promotion

Persuasive, More Costly Promotion

Brands Are More SimilarBrands Are More Similar

Greater Price Competition/Price Sensitivity

Greater Price Competition/Price Sensitivity

Persuasive, More Costly Promotion

Persuasive, More Costly Promotion

Brands Are More SimilarBrands Are More Similar

Greater Price Competition/Price Sensitivity

Greater Price Competition/Price Sensitivity

Market Maturity – Sales Level Off, Profits Continue Down

Maturity May Last a Long Time

Maturity May Last a Long Time

Sales Decline – A Time of Replacement

© 2008 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., McGraw-Hill/Irwin

Which Stage of the PLC?

Kodak announced that it would no longer produce 35 millimeter film cameras, but would manufacture digital cameras exclusively. Sales of digital cameras have grown steadily and have far outpaced the sale of 35 mm cameras in recent years, even among professional photographers. Kodak’s decision indicates that 35 mm cameras are probably in the ________ stage of the product life cycle.

A. Market introductionB. Market growthC. Sales declineD. Market maturity

Checking your knowledge

AND

IndividualBrands

IndividualBrands

•May not follow the classic pattern

•May be introduced in market growth or maturity

•Not all brands are equally strong

MarketDefinitions

MarketDefinitions

•Should be carefully developed

•Different markets, different stages

•Contribute to the length of the cycle

Product Life Cycles Should Be Related to Specific Markets

Can Be TriedCan Be Tried

Easy to Communicate

Easy to Communicate

Competitive Advantage

Competitive Advantage

Can Be TriedCan Be Tried

Easy to Communicate

Easy to Communicate

Competitive Advantage

Competitive Advantage Easy to UseEasy to UseEasy to UseEasy to Use

CompatibleCompatible

Product Life Cycles Vary in Length

Some ProductsMove Fast

Some ProductsMove Fast

© 2008 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., McGraw-Hill/Irwin

Interactive Exercise: Adoption

The Early Bird Usually ProfitsThe Early Bird Usually Profits

Product Life Cycles Are Getting Shorter

Product Life Cycles Are Getting Shorter

The Early Bird Usually ProfitsThe Early Bird Usually Profits

Product Life Cycles Are Getting Shorter

Product Life Cycles Are Getting Shorter

FashionsFashions

Other Issues in Product Life Cycle Length

Competitors May Help Adoption

Competitors May Help Adoption

Anticipate Speed of

Movement

Anticipate Speed of

Movement

Consider the Four Ps

Consider the Four Ps

Consider the Four Ps

Consider the Four Ps

Allocate Sufficient

Money

Allocate Sufficient

Money

Be FlexibleBe Flexible

Planning for Different Stages of the Product Life Cycle

MarketIntroduction

& Growth

MarketIntroduction

& Growth

Managing Mature Products

Improve the Product or Develop a New One

Are Product Modifications Really New Products?

Don’t Pull the Plug So Quickly

Don’t Pull the Plug So Quickly

Don’t Pull the Plug So Quickly

Don’t Pull the Plug So Quickly

Phase-out May Be Necessary

Phase-out May Be Necessary

Phase-out May Be Necessary

Phase-out May Be Necessary

Phasing Out Dying Products

ProfitabilityProduct LineCustomer

SupportSales Decline Can

Be ProfitableSales Decline Can

Be Profitable

What Is a New Product?What Is a New Product?What Is a New Product?What Is a New Product?

FTC Rule: 6 MonthsFTC Rule: 6 MonthsFTC Rule: 6 MonthsFTC Rule: 6 Months

Ethical Dilemmas ExistEthical Dilemmas Exist

New Product Planning

© 2008 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., McGraw-Hill/Irwin

New Product

An Organized New-Product Development Process is Critical (Exhibit 9-4)

Step 1: Idea Generation

Step 2: Screening

Step 3: Idea Evaluation

Step 4: Development

Step 5: Commercialization

Top management of a large company recently approached the dean of a major business school about starting a specialized MBA program for the company’s employees. After further discussions, the dean decided that the program did not fit well with the objectives and resources of the school, so the program was put on the “back burner” until conditions changed. The proposed MBA program was at what stage of the new-product development process when it was shelved?

A. Idea generationB. ScreeningC. Idea evaluationD. DevelopmentE. Commercialization

Checking your knowledge

New Product Development: A Total Company Effort (Exhibit 9-6)

Common in Large Companies

Common in Large Companies

Common in Large Companies

Common in Large Companies

Product/Brand Managers

Product/Brand Managers

Product/Brand Managers

Product/Brand Managers

Some Are “Product Champions”

Some Are “Product Champions”

Need for Product Managers

Which of the following statements about new-product development are true?

A. The process should be informal to encourage innovation.

B. The greatest number of product ideas is in the idea evaluation stage.

C. The best criteria for evaluating new product ideas in the early stages is return on investment (ROI).

D. The process should have top management support.

E. All of the above statement are true.

Checking your knowledge

Managing Product Quality

Total Quality Management is Easier Said Than Done (Exhibit 9-7)

Why Things Go Wrong (Exhibit 9-8)

Training Is CrucialTraining Is CrucialTraining Is CrucialTraining Is Crucial

Server Is Linked To the Service

Server Is Linked To the Service

Server Is Linked To the Service

Server Is Linked To the Service

Empowerment WorksEmpowerment Works

Building Quality into Services

Specify Jobs and Benchmark

Specify Jobs and Benchmark

Managers Lead the EffortManagers Lead the EffortManagers Lead the EffortManagers Lead the Effort

Specify Jobs and Benchmark

Specify Jobs and Benchmark

Get a Return on QualityGet a Return on Quality

Other Issues in Quality Implementation Efforts

1. Understand how product life cycles affect strategy planning.

2. Know what is involved in designing new products and what “new products” really are.

3. Understand the new-product development process.

4. See why product liability must be considered in screening new products.

5. Understand the need for product or brand managers.

6. Understand how total quality management can improve goods and services.

You now

• Product life cycle

• Market introduction

• Market growth

• Market maturity

• Sales decline

• Fashion

• Fad

• New product

• Federal Trade Commission (FTC)

• Consumer Product Safety Act

• Product liability

Key Terms

• Concept testing

• Product managers

• Brand managers

• Total quality management (TQM)

• Continuous improvement

• Pareto chart

• Fishbone diagram

• Empowerment

• Benchmarking