yangon, national museum

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  • The museum has a rich collection of art and material culture of the indigenous people of Myanmar, royal regalia, musical instruments, decorative arts and two art gallery. The artifacts are displayed in 14 galleries in a five-storey building. The 5-storey National Museum was opened on September 18, 1996 to commemorate the eighth anniversary of the State Law and Order Restoration Council at a cost of 400 million kyats.


  • The National Museum of Myanmar, located in Dagon, Yangon, is the main museum of Burmese art, history and culture in Myanmar.

  • Founded in 1952, the five-story museum has an extensive collection of ancient artifacts, ornaments, works of art, inscriptions and historic memorabilia, related to history, culture and civilization of Burmese people. The new five story National Museum has been open to public since 18 September 1996

  • Defence Services Museum of Myanmar, Yangon. The purpose of this new three storey museum is to preserve military equipment and artifacts from the period of the Myanmar kings through to the contemporary period. The Museum has 52 showrooms displaying ancient and modern martial arts, weapons, uniforms, emblems, and historical pictures.King Bayinnaung (1516-1581), Empire Builder, the Conqueror of Ten Directions

  • King Bayinnaung (1516-1581), Empire Builder, the Conqueror of Ten Directions

  • King Bayinnaung (1516-1581), Empire Builder, the Conqueror of Ten Directions

  • Sculpture outside National Museum King Anawrahta (The founder of the Second Kingdom of Myanmar

  • The Bronze statue of King Alaung Min Tayar (The founder of the Third Kingdom of Myanmar

  • The Bronze statue of King Alaung Min Tayar (The founder of the Third Kingdom of Myanmar

  • Temple bellSculpture outside National Museum

  • 19th century

  • BCE 5th century ~ AD 1st century

  • Lion Throne Show RoomThe main exhibit of National Museum is the Lion Throne. The Lion Throne is over 150 years old and made of Yamanay wood and gilded all over. There are 8 different kinds of thrones but in numbers there are 9 thrones because two of them are similar. The Lion throne was used by King to adjudecate on law cases. Taken to Kolcata for display at the museum there it was returned to Myanmar after Independence in 1948. This is the only throne left intact as the other 8 were destroyed during World War II

  • National Museum in YangonThe Royal Regalia of Mandalay

  • Bronze, 11-13th century

  • 18th century

  • Painter U Ngwe Gaing (1901-1967)

  • Royal shoes

  • Perhaps fortunately for the artifacts, but less fortunate for visitors, is that the lighting is very poor throughout the gallery, with intermittent fluorescents and the rare tungsten globe in a myriad of unused fittings. It is forbidden to take photographs in the museum and there are very few available on the web to illustrate a presentation

  • Ceremonial Royal Dress worn by the last monarch of Burma, King Thibaw, prior to exile to India in 1885.

  • The Royal couch of King Mindon, the founder of Mandalay royal capital Mindon Min was the penultimate king of Burma (Myanmar) from 1853 to 1878

    The Royal couch was not used for sleeping but for sitting on a sliver mat and lying down with a pillow for taking a rest during the day time

  • King Thibaw and his Chief Queen Su Pa Ya Latt at the Mandalay Palace. King Thibaw (1878-85) was the last king of Burma

  • The Royal Palace Mandalay, King Mindon statue

  • Big betel vessel with rubies

  • Fancy bullock cart

  • Old Painting by Royal artist Saya Chone showing the Royal Audience Scenceartist Saya Chone Royal Family Water Color & Gold plate on Cloth

  • Myanmar marionettes

  • Myanmar Crafts

  • Crocodile xylophone

  • Primate fossils of upper eocene epoch (about 40 million years)

  • Plumeria (common name Frangipani) is a genus of flowering plants native to Central America, Mexico, the Caribbean, and South America as far south as Brazil but can be grown in tropical and sub-tropical regions. They are associated with temples in both Hindu and Buddhist cultures.

  • Burma is rich in natural resources, such as gems, jade, gold, tin, antimony, zinc, copper, tungsten, lead, coal, marble, limestone, hardwood timber, fishery reserves, natural gas, petroleum and hydropower. In addition, smiling, laughing, and hard working are the characteristics of the Burmese people. Myanmar is one of the poorest countries in East Asia, with an estimated GDP per capita of between $800-$1,000 and a poverty headcount of 26 percent. Most social indicators are very low. For example, 32 percent of children under five suffer from malnutrition.Myanmar is embarking on a triple transition from an authoritarian military system to democratic governance, from a centrally directed economy to a market-oriented economy, and from 60 years of conflict to peace in its border areas. These transitions have the potential to create opportunity and shared prosperity for the people of Myanmar and for the country to resume its place as one of the most dynamic economies in Asia.

  • Text and pictures: InternetCopyright: All the images belong to their authorsPresentation: Sanda Foioreanu www.slideshare.net/michaelasandaSound Hlaing Win Maung - Tradition of our village