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Zeolites for Compressive Strength and Harsh Environments in Down-hole Cementing

Author: daniel-eyde

Post on 15-Jul-2015




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New Applications for St. Cloud Mining Natural Zeolites in Downhole

Zeolites for Compressive Strength and Harsh Environments in Down-hole Cementing


In down-hole cementing; we are often challenged with finding a lightweight, higher compressive strength material. There are new products used to greatly reduce the density of down hole drilling cements, while simultaneously improving their workability and mechanical properties. St Cloud Mining Company has introduced the SCM product line base on the natural zeolites chabazite and clinoptilolite. Careful control of mineral blends, their particle size distribution, and the accelerators and retarders have created unique cementaceous products previously unavailable for oil and coal gasification well completions. The products are based on technologies initially used in Canada and refined in the US.

Future Need and Trends in Market

Changes in Regulatory Markets

EPA may classify Fly Ash as Hazardous

30 million tons of Fly Ash may need to be replaced

Location of deposits in relation to cement plants and Bulk Plants

Physical minerals or Chemical Minerals

High Volume Low Margin products that did not immediately fit the SCM Business Model

Corporate Overview

Products and Resources

Construction and Drilling Products SCM Zeofume ProductsAdmixtures and additives Response to rapid growth in Coal Bed Methane, Oil Field Development and Oil Sands in Canada and US

What are ZeoFume Products

Particle Size Distribution

D50 7 micronsD90 90 micronsTotal Surface area 350 m2/gExternal Surface area 65 m2/gAverage chabazite crystallite .2 micronsAmorphous silica 35-45%


TYPICAL PROPERTIESForm:Powder Color: Light Brown (Dry Brightness 43)Crystal Size: Chabazite Less than 1 micronCrystallinity:50-60%Density: 1.73 Total Pore Volume.468 cm3/gSurface Area:350 m2/gPacking Density: Approx. 577kg/m3 (36 lbs/ft3)SiO2/Al2O3 Ratio:Approx. 4:1Moisture packaged: Less than 10% by weightStability: pH of 3 through 12CEC 1.80 meq/gTYPICAL CHEMICAL ANALYSIS (equilibrated at 20oC. and 40% relative humidity)SiO2Al2O3Fe2O3CaOMgONa2OK2OLOI54.614. Cation Na


Lightweight densities in the range of 1.25- 1.1 are achievable. Densities variable through changes in water ratiosStrength retrogression at high temps and early strength development at low tempsLess imbedded materials 20-25% less material needed compared to flyash cement mixturesCost project completion times greatly reduced.Flow ability in transport create less fume Reduction in waste and disposable materialsHigh CEC in cement performs overtime in H2S and heavy metal environments


Ash Meadows, NevadaWinston, New Mexico


Current Processing/Distribution Facilities

Ash Meadows Plant - Amargosa Valley, NVWinston Plant - Winston, NMHeemskirk Facility - Lethbridge, BC Canada Riverland Plant - Baton Rouge, LAATC plant - Van Horne, TXMuldoon Minerals - Muldoon,TX

DepositsAsh Meadows - ClinoptiloliteBowie - ChabaziteBurro Creek - SaponiteRome - MordeniteWinston - Clinoptilolite

In Relation to Cement Plants

Conclusion Potential Markets

Business model control of supply and process

Strategic Partnerships

Zeolite Cements - Industrial Minerals

Specialty Clays - Drilling Fluids

Water Purification

Oil Sand Technology

Environmental Benefits