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  • Queen Elizabeth School

    Page 1

    Year 10 Revision of Year 9 topics - higher

    Q1.A student investigated the rate of reaction between sodium thiosulfate and dilute hydrochloric acid.

    The student placed a conical flask over a cross on a piece of paper.

    The student mixed the solutions in the flask. The solution slowly went cloudy. The student timed how long it took until the cross could not be seen.

    The equation for the reaction is:

    Na2S2O3(aq) + 2 HCl(aq) 2 NaCl(aq) + H2O(l) + SO2(g) + S(s)

    sodium

    thiosulfate +

    hydrochloric acid

    sodium chloride

    + water + sulfur

    dioxide + sulfur

    (a) Explain why the solution goes cloudy.

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    ........................................................................................................................ (2)

    (b) The student repeated the experiment with different concentrations of sodium thiosulfate.

    Concentration of

    sodium thiosulfate in moles per dm3

    Time taken until the cross could not be seen in seconds

    Trial 1 Trial 2 Trial 3 Mean

    0.040 71 67 69 69

    0.060 42 45 45 44

    0.080 31 41 33

  • Queen Elizabeth School

    Page 2

    (i) Calculate the mean time for 0.080 moles per dm3 of sodium thiosulfate.

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    Mean = ........................................ seconds (2)

    (ii) Describe and explain, in terms of particles and collisions, the effect that increasing the concentration of sodium thiosulfate has on the rate of the reaction.

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    ............................................................................................................... (3)(Total 7 marks)

    Q2.Marble chips are mainly calcium carbonate (CaCO3).

    A student investigated the rate of reaction between marble chips and hydrochloric acid (HCl).

    Figure 1 shows the apparatus the student used.

    Figure 1

    (a) Complete and balance the equation for the reaction between marble chips and hydrochloric acid.

    .................. + .................. CaCl2 + .................. + .................. (2)

  • Queen Elizabeth School

    Page 3

    (b) The table below shows the students results.

    Time in s

    Volume of gas

    in dm3

    0 0.000

    30 0.030

    60 0.046

    90 0.052

    120 0.065

    150 0.070

    180 0.076

    210 0.079

    240 0.080

    270 0.080

    On Figure 2:

    Plot these results on the grid. Draw a line of best fit.

    Figure 2

    (4)

  • Queen Elizabeth School

    Page 4

    (c) Sketch a line on the grid in Figure 2 to show the results you would expect if the experiment was repeated using 20 g of smaller marble chips.

    Label this line A. (2)

    (d) Explain, in terms of particles, how and why the rate of reaction changes during the reaction of calcium carbonate with hydrochloric acid.

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    ............................................................................................................................. (4)

    (e) Another student investigated the rate of reaction by measuring the change in mass.

    Figure 3 shows the graph plotted from this students results.

    Figure 3

    Use Figure 3 to calculate the mean rate of the reaction up to the time the reaction is complete.

    Give your answer to three significant figures.

  • Queen Elizabeth School

    Page 5

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    Mean rate of reaction = ........................................... g / s (4)

    (f) Use Figure 3 to determine the rate of reaction at 150 seconds.

    Show your working on Figure 3.

    Give your answer in standard form.

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    Rate of reaction at 150 s = ........................................... g / s (4)

    (Total 20 marks)

    Q3.The Sun produces helium atoms from hydrogen atoms by nuclear fusion reactions.

    Hydrogen Helium

  • Queen Elizabeth School

    Page 6

    (a) Describe the differences in the atomic structures of a hydrogen atom and a helium atom.

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    ........................................................................................................................ (3)

    (b) The Sun consists of 73% hydrogen and 25% helium. The rest is other elements. One of the other elements in the Sun is neon.

    Use the Chemistry Data Sheet to help you to answer these questions.

    (i) Complete the diagram to show the electronic structure of a neon atom.

    (1)

    (ii) Why is neon in the same group of the periodic table as helium?

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    ............................................................................................................... (1)(Total 5 marks)

  • Queen Elizabeth School

    Page 7

    Q4.Plastic and glass can be used to make milk bottles.

    The figure below shows the percentage of milk bottles made from glass between

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