10. ethical issues

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  • KNOWLEDGE FOR THE BENEFIT OF HUMANITYKNOWLEDGE FOR THE BENEFIT OF HUMANITY

    RESEARCH METHODOLOGY (HFS4343)

    ETHICAL ISSUES

    Dr. Dr. MohdMohd RazifRazif ShahrilShahril

    School of Nutrition & Dietetics School of Nutrition & Dietetics

    Faculty of Health SciencesFaculty of Health Sciences

    UniversitiUniversiti Sultan Sultan ZainalZainal AbidinAbidin

    1

  • S C H O O L O F N U T R I T I O N A N D D I E T E T I C S U N I V E R S I T I S U L T A N Z A I N A L A B I D I N

    Topic Learning Outcomes At the end of this lecture, students should be able to;

    define the concept of ethics

    identify stakeholders in research

    explain ethical issues to consider concerning research

    participants

    explain ethical issues to consider relating to the

    researcher

    explain issues to consider regarding the sponsoring

    organization

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  • S C H O O L O F N U T R I T I O N A N D D I E T E T I C S U N I V E R S I T I S U L T A N Z A I N A L A B I D I N

    The concept of ethics

    Ethical means in accordance with

    principles of conduct that are

    considered correct, especially those of

    a given profession or group

    What are these principles of conduct?

    Who determines them?

    In whose judgement must they be

    considered correct?

    3

  • S C H O O L O F N U T R I T I O N A N D D I E T E T I C S U N I V E R S I T I S U L T A N Z A I N A L A B I D I N

    What are the principles of conduct?

    Any dilemma stemming from a moral quandary is a

    basis of ethical conduct

    Certain behaviours considered unethical;

    Causing harm to individuals

    Breaching confidentiality

    Using information inappropriately

    Introducing bias

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  • S C H O O L O F N U T R I T I O N A N D D I E T E T I C S U N I V E R S I T I S U L T A N Z A I N A L A B I D I N

    Whose judgment?

    Overall body of professionals or organization that

    collectively develops a professional code of conducts ad

    forms a judgement as to whether or not it is being

    followed

    E.g.;

    Medical Research and Ethics Committee (MREC), Ministry of

    Health Malaysia

    UniSZA Human Research and Ethics Committee (UHREC)

    Jawatankuasa Etika dan Penyelidikan Manusia (JePEM)

    Universisiti Sains Malaysia

    5

  • S C H O O L O F N U T R I T I O N A N D D I E T E T I C S U N I V E R S I T I S U L T A N Z A I N A L A B I D I N

    Stakeholders in research

    6

    The The funding funding

    bodybody

    The researcherThe researcher

    The research The research participantsparticipants

  • S C H O O L O F N U T R I T I O N A N D D I E T E T I C S U N I V E R S I T I S U L T A N Z A I N A L A B I D I N

    Stakeholders in research

    The research participants

    All those with direct and indirect involvement in a research study

    Those who are likely to be affected by the findings of a study

    Service providers, service managers and planners

    Communities providing information to help a researcher to gain

    understanding of a phenomenon etc.

    The researcher

    Anyone who collects information for the specific purpose of

    understanding, consolidation, enhancement and development of

    professional knowledge

    The funding body

    Responsible for financing a research activity 7

  • S C H O O L O F N U T R I T I O N A N D D I E T E T I C S U N I V E R S I T I S U L T A N Z A I N A L A B I D I N

    Ethical issues concerning research

    participants

    8

    Collecting Collecting informationinformation

    Seeking Seeking consentconsent

    Providing Providing incentivesincentives

    Seeking Seeking sensitive sensitive

    informationinformation

    Possibility of Possibility of harmharm

    Maintaining Maintaining confidentialityconfidentiality

  • S C H O O L O F N U T R I T I O N A N D D I E T E T I C S U N I V E R S I T I S U L T A N Z A I N A L A B I D I N

    Ethical issues relating to researcher

    9

    Avoiding biasAvoiding bias Provision or Provision or

    deprivation of deprivation of a treatmenta treatment

    Inappropriate Inappropriate research research

    methodologymethodology

    Incorrect Incorrect reportingreporting

    Inappropriate Inappropriate use of the use of the

    informationinformation

  • S C H O O L O F N U T R I T I O N A N D D I E T E T I C S U N I V E R S I T I S U L T A N Z A I N A L A B I D I N

    Ethical issues regarding sponsoring

    organization

    10

    Restriction Restriction imposed by the imposed by the

    sponsoring sponsoring organisationorganisation

    The misuse of The misuse of informationinformation

  • Thank YouThank You

    11