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Abhidhamma Course

By: Mr. Dion Oliver Peoples, M.A. Ph.D. Candidate Buddhist StudiesMahachulalongkornrajavidyalaya University

ABHIDHAMMA -PITAKA:Wednesdays,154:45pm16

Rm. 309:

NovemberNovember-25 March 6:25pmWeeks

Perhaps: I might be teaching this class to people who know the Abhidhamma better than me!If this is the case: please be co-operative! co-

Abhidhamma Course Outline

Scientific Introduction Buddhism and Time Hermeneutics? Abhidhamma History Texts in the Abhidhamma Mind Development Patisambhidamagga AbhidhammatthaAbhidhammattha-sangaha The Dhamma Theory Section to be fully-known fully-

Lecture Nine Lecture Ten Lecture Eleven Lecture Twelve Lecture Thirteen Lecture Fourteen Lecture Fifteen Lecture Sixteen

Abhi [Higher] -Dhammas: Dhammas:

Aggregates [5] Bases [12] Elements [18] Truths [4] Controlling faculties [22] Roots [9] Nutrients [4] Contact [7] Feeling [7] Perception [7] Volition [7] Consciousness [7]

Course Readings:

I have several chapters of texts I suggest you read: Bhikkhu Bodhis

Introduction to the AbhidhammaAbhidhammasangaha and some charts K.N. Jayatillekes 6th Chapter to Early Buddhist Theory of Knowledge about Analysis and Meaning Excerpts from the Visuddhimagga on human characteristics Vibhangas: Analysis of the Heart of the Teaching Vibhangas:

And the Lecture-slides: available from the office! Lecture-

A Scientific IntroductionRef: http://antwrp.gsfc.nasa.gov/apod/astropix.html

Scientists understand: The smallest cells weigh about 10-12 grams each one is like a miniature factory containing thousands of intricately designed machinery consisting of billions of atoms, far more complicated than any machinery built by man and without any parallel in the non-living world.

Subatomic particle - From WikipediaA subatomic particles are elementary or composite particles smaller than atoms. Particle physics and nuclear physics are concerned with the study of these particles, their interactions, and non-atomic matter composed from them. non Subatomic particles include the atomic constituents electrons, protons, and neutrons. Protons and neutrons are composite particles, consisting of quarks. A proton contains two up quarks and one down quark, while a neutron consists of one up quark and two down quarks; the quarks are held together in the nucleus by gluons. There are six different types of quark in all ('up', 'down', 'bottom', 'top', 'strange', and 'charm'), as well as other particles including photons and neutrinos which are produced copiously in the sun. Most of the particles that have been discovered are not encountered under normal earth conditions but are found in cosmic rays and are produced by scattering processes in particle accelerators. There are dozens of subatomic particles.

Introduction to particlesIn particle physics, the conceptual idea of a particle is one of several concepts inherited from classical physics, the world we experience, that are used to describe how matter and energy behave at the very molecular scales of quantum mechanics. As physicists use the term, the meaning of the word "particle" is one which understands how particles are radically different at the quantumquantum-level, and rather different from the common understanding of the term. The idea of a particle is one which had to undergo serious rethinking in light of experiments which showed that that the smallest particles (of light) could behave just like waves. The difference is indeed vast, and required the new concept of wavewaveparticle duality to state that quantum-scale "particles" are quantumunderstood to behave in a way which resembles both particles and waves. Another new concept, the uncertainty principle, meant that analyzing particles at these scales required a statistical approach. All of these factors combined such that the very notion of a discrete "particle" has been ultimately replaced by the concept of something like wave-packet of an uncertain boundary, whose waveproperties are only known as probabilities, and whose interactions with other "particles" remain largely a mystery, even 80 years after quantum mechanics was established.

Dividing an atomElectrons, which are negatively charged, have a mass of 1/1836 of a hydrogen atom, the remainder of the atom's mass coming from the positively charged proton. The atomic number of an element counts the number of protons. Neutrons are neutral particles with a mass almost equal to that of the proton. Different isotopes of the same nucleus contain the same number of protons but differing numbers of neutrons. The mass number of a nucleus counts the total number of nucleons. Chemistry concerns itself with the arrangement of electrons in atoms and molecules, and nuclear physics with the arrangement of protons and neutrons in a nucleus. The study of subatomic particles, atoms and molecules, their structure and interactions, involves quantum mechanics and quantum field theory (when dealing with processes that change the number of particles). The study of subatomic particles per se is called particle physics. Since many particles need to be created in high energy particle accelerators or cosmic rays, sometimes particle physics is also called high energy physics.

Atom smasher makes weird matter[http://www.abc.net.au/science/news/stories/2005/1348510.htm]

Scientists using a giant atom-smasher say they have created a new state of matter that shows what atomthe early universe once looked like. The scientist said that for a tiny fraction of a second after the Big Bang all was in the form of this hot, dense liquid made out of basic atomic particles and called a quark-gluon plasma. We think we are looking at a phenomenon ... in the universe 13 quarkbillion years ago when free quarks and gluons ... cooled down to the particles that we know today. The quark-gluon plasma was made in the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider, a powerful atom smasher. quarkUnexpectedly, the quark gluon plasma behaved like a perfect liquid of quarks, instead of a gas, the physicists said. For their experiment, the researchers smashed two gold ions together at extremely high speeds, very close to the speed of light. The collision was so intense that the strong force that usually binds quarks into protons and neutrons weakened, allowing the quarks to roam freely. Normally quarks, the most basic particles that make up matter, are bound together and cannot be measured directly. At temperatures 10,000 times hotter than those found inside the Sun and with just a few thousand particles, the nuclear physicists expected the quarks to fly around freely like a gas. Instead, the quarks behaved like a perfect liquid, flowing together like a school of fish, without turbulence or random motion. In contrast, a drop of water containing the same number of particles would not behave like a liquid at all, but just fly apart. "This is fluid motion that is nearly perfect," says Aronson. "That the new state of matter created in the collisions of gold ions is more like a liquid than a gas gives us a profound insight into the earliest moments of the universe," he says. The unexpected results have a link to another field of physics, called string theory. String theory attempts to explain properties of the universe using 10 dimensions, instead of the three space and one time dimension that humans commonly perceive. The string theory calculation describing how gravity behaves near a black hole can also explain how quarks move in a quark gluon plasma, experts say.

Matter can be austerely denoted in terms of energy only two mechanisms in which energy can be transferred have been discovered: particles and waves. Light can be expressed as both particles and waves. This paradox is known as the Duality Paradox. Particles are discrete - their energy is centralized into what appears to be a finite space, which possesses absolute boundaries and its contents are considered to be homogenous - the same at any point within the particle. Particles subsist at a particular location. If demonstrated on a 3D graph, they have x, y, and z coordinates. They can never exist in more than one location at once, and to travel to a different place in space, a particle must move to it under the laws of kinematics, acceleration, velocity and acceleration, so forth. Interactions between particles have been scrutinized for many centuries, and a few simple laws dictate how particles proceed in collisions and interactions. The most angelic of these are the conservation of energy and momentum which help to explain calculations between particle interactions on scales of magnitude which diverge between planets and quarks.


Molecules of Positronium Observed in the Laboratory for the First Time:- (http://www.newsroom.ucr.edu/cgi-bin/display.cgi?id=1662 - September 12, 2007): (http://www.newsroom.ucr.edu/cgi-bin/display.cgi?id=1662 12, 2007):

Physicists at UC Riverside have created molecular positronium, positronium, an entirely new object in the laboratory. Briefly stable, each molecule is made up of a pair of electrons and a pair of their antiparticles, called positrons. Positronium atoms, by nature, are extremely short-lived. shortWhen an electron meets a positron, their mutual annihilation may ensue or positronium, a briefly stable, positronium, hydrogenhydrogen-like atom, may be formed. The stability of a positronium atom is threatened again when the atom collides with another positronium atom. Such a collision of two positronium atoms can result in their annihilation, accompanied by the production of a powerful and energetic type of electromagnetic radiation called gamma radiation, or the creation of a molecule of positronium. positronium. Matter, the stuff that every known object is made of, and antimatter cannot co-exist