Adaptation of Downstream Communities

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  • Coordination and the adaptation of communities

    at the downstream of Nam Lik 1-2 dam

    Assoc. Prof. Damdouane Khouangvichit

    Mr. Souvannahong ladtanaphim Phnom Penh

    21-23 October 2015

  • Key message

    Womens adaptability is strengthened when they

    receive institutional support to apply their knowledge to improve their livelihoods

  • q Main investors in hydropower development are from foreign countries :

    1. The problem of providing informa4on, 2. consulta4on, 3. communica4on with stakeholders

    4. Gender are not always incorpora4ng in the project Communities at the downstream are not always considered:

    Not sudden but chronological impacted

    Arguments

  • Two villages : B. Khone leuang: 215 HH B. Sammeuan : 101 HH

    source: Australian centre for international agriculture research: Change and adaptation in smallholder fisheries livelihoods in Lao PDRD:2013.

    Research site

    Feuang District , Vientiane Province

  • Research methodology ! Quantitative :

    q Unit of analysis: Household q Sample: 173 household q Tools : Questionnaires

    " Qualitative q In-depth interview the key person q Group discussion : gender, age: elderly

    and youth q Duration of interview : not lest than 2 hours

    # Forum with villagers and stakeholders

  • Relation committee

    Villagers

    u Stakeholders and coordination system Main findings :

    No. Organiza+on propose to Percentage Number

    1 village authority 75.3 70

    2 District governor 5.4 5 3 CWE 1.1 1

    4 village authority &District governor 18.3 17

    Total 100 93

  • Development of infrastructure and

    communication system

    Access to market

    new job opportunities

    Extension of social and economic

    network

    Enhancing women in social & economic sphere

    v. Advantages

  • $Bad smell from water

    $Water Pollution

    $Decrease of water at the downstream

    Challenges

  • Right in accessing and Sharing benefits:

    - Agricultural land used

    - Forests

    - Fishing

    Social and Cultural change - Rituals change( Pimay Lao) - Family relation

  • Sources of food:

    - Fishing source

    - Natural resources

    / land for cultivation No Fishing problems Percentage N

    1 Decrease of fish population 45.7 53

    2 Fishing area far rom living place 12.9 15

    3 Rule from concession company, decrease number of fish, Fishing area far rom living place 35.34 41 4 No any problem 6.0 7

    Total 100 116

  • Adaptation to new social and physical environment

    Name of Village Place of work (Hubchang)

    N In village Neighbors in the city

    Another province

    Many places

    KhoneLeuang 27.9% 4.4% 14.7% 45.6% 7.4% 68 Sammeuan 17.1% 5.7% 17.1% 51.4% 8.6% 35 Total 24.3% 4.9% 15.5% 47.6% 7.8% 103

    Name of Village Type of work

    N Agriculture work

    Construc4on worker Factory worker Many types

    KhoneLeuang 20.6% 41.2% 19.1% 19.1% 68 Sammeuan 11.4% 62.9% 17.1% 8.6% 35 Total 17.5% 48.5% 18.4% 15.5% 103

  • Income from weaving compare to family income

    No Ratio #% ( 1 Cover 1/4 30.7 43 2 Cover 2/4 47.1 66

    3 Cover 3/4 14.3 20

    4 > 3/4 4.3 6

    5 Could not calculate 3.6 5

    Total 100 140

    2. Weaving 140 hh = 80.9 % (women)

  • Route for selling weaving product

    Local Knowledge

    Institutions: Government , CSO, academic institutions and Process : sustainability?

    Changing of social and physical

    environment

    Adaptation

  • Questions to be addressed

    1. How to Set up concrete strategies for helping women to be more involved in communities work and coordination mechanism?

    2. What can we do to strengthen institutional coordination , Strong pillars to ensure sustainability of livelihoods strategies?

  • Thank you for your attention

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