agriculture and agri-food canada canadian agriculture and climate change: challenges and...

Download Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada Canadian Agriculture and Climate Change: Challenges and Opportunities

Post on 20-Jan-2016

212 views

Category:

Documents

0 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

  • Canadian Agriculture and Climate Change: Challenges and OpportunitiesAgriculture and Agri-Food Canada

  • Changes and adaptation are part of business in agricultureVariations from Expected Wheat Yield, 1917 - 2000

  • on the agriculture and agri-food industry, and on rural communities Climate change means new potential pressures CropsHeat, Winter damage,Weeds, Pests

    LivestockProductivity, Diseases,Power OutagesFood processingPathogens, Parasites, Mycotoxins , ResiduesRural communitiesLifestyle, IncomeResourcesLoss of Arable Land, Stress on Water Resources

  • The Atlantic region is likely to benefit from a longer growing seasonSource: Bootsma et al. 2001Effective Growing Degree Days

  • Longer growing seasons are also predicted for the Prairies...Effective Growing Degree Days

    1961-902040-69Source: Harron et al. 2001

  • Moisture Deficit for the Prairies (Precipitation minus Potential Evapotranspiration, mm/year)Source: Harron et al. 2001but with large moisture deficits 1961-902040-69

  • Source: Harron et al. 2001Favorable cropping conditions may shift northward. 1961-902040-69but we may not have adequate soil conditions available

  • Extreme events, particularly drought,are already a very serious concernDrought Severity IndexSW Saskatchewan and SE Alberta(Sauchyn and Skinner, 2001) and are expected to be aggravated

  • Adequate water resources management...will be key in addressing this issue Effective watershed management

    On-farm water management

    Alternate production systems

    Efficient irrigation practices

    Prevention of wetland loss

  • ResponsesRisk management programs

    Irrigation efficiency

    Water allocations

    Research

    Improved resource management

    and government needs to actClimate change means new risks to producers ...PressuresIncreased temperatureIncreased variations in climateReduced water availabilityDegraded soilDifferent pests, pathogens and weeds behaviour

  • ...And long-term strategies

  • The Agriculture Policy Framework: short-term response and positioning for the long term

    InternationalTrade & DevelopmentFood Safety and Food QualityEnvironmentScience and InnovationRenewalBusiness Risk ManagementThe APF elements:

  • Improved models to predict impacts on agriculture and agri-food sectorsSustainable productions systemsDevelopment of more resilient cropsImproved agricultural practicesNew technologies for water use efficiencyHow can Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada help the sector adapt to global warming and climate variability?Science and Innovation

  • Production InsuranceNew NISA ProgramsStabilizationDisasterInvestmentTax Deferral Designations

    Business Risk ManagementHow can Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada help the sector adapt to global warming and climate variability?

  • Assistance in dealing with changesLinking science with opportunities/ Technology transferImproved decision support systemsSkills and trainingRenewalHow can Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada help the sector adapt to global warming and climate variability?

  • Security of water supply National Land and Water Information ServiceImproved weather and climate informationBest Management PracticesEnvironmental Farm PlansGreencover Agri- Environmental Indicators

    EnvironmentHow can Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada help the sector adapt to global warming and climate variability?

  • Long-term approach: Continue developing adaptation strategiesBuilding scientific tools, knowledge base and capacity

    Develop strategies and partnerships to address emerging issues

    Adjust and add programs to support adaptation

    ...and take advantage of opportunities

Recommended

View more >