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  • Mass AudubonsAllens Pond

    A Brief Guide to Allens Pond Wildlife Sanctuary in Dartmouth, Massachusetts

  • Mass Audubons Allens Pond

  • 2011 Karley Searles

    All rights reserved

    Printed in the USA

    Published by

    The University of Massachusetts Dartmouth

    285 Old Westport Road

    North Dartmouth, MA 02747

    Typefaces used are Archer, Meta, and Whitney

    For Allens Pond Wildlife Sanctuary

  • Contents

    History

    A brief history of

    Mass Audubon and

    Dartmouth, MA.

    Discover the habitats

    and wildlife at Allens

    Pond.

    Learn how you can

    help at Allens Pond.

    The Sanctuary How to Help

  • History

  • Brief Overview

    Mass Audubon works to protect the nature of Massachusetts for people and

    wildlife. Together with more than 100,000 members, Mass Audubon cares for

    33,000 acres of conservation land, provides education programs for 225,000

    children and adults annually, and advocates for sound environmental policies at

    the local, state, and federal levels.

    Advocacy

    Mass Audubon works with other conservation organizations, legislators,

    universities and citizen groups to shape, strengthen and ensure the fulfillment

    of environmental laws, policies and regulations. They inform and educate people

    about pending legislation and its potential impact, and enable the public to better

    understand the governments actions regarding environmental issues. Working

    with scientists from Mass Audubon and other organizations, Mass Audubon

    provides data and analysis to help guide public policy.

    What is Mass Audubon?

  • John James Audubon

    Editor of Forest and Stream, he formed the first

    Audubon Society in 1886 with close to 40,000

    initial members. Their numbers grew so quickly

    throughout the next year that he had to disband

    the group.

    George Bird Grinnell

    George Bird Grinnell was tutored by Lucy Audubon, John

    Jamess widow. Knowing Audubons reputation, Grinnell

    chose his name as the inspiration for the organizations

    earliest work to protect birds and their habitats. Today,

    the name Audubon remains synonymous with birds and

    bird conservation the world over.

    Harriet Augustus Hemenway

    Hemenway and her cousin Minna Hall started

    a campaign urging fellow socialites to stop wear-

    ing hats adorned with the feathers of endangered

    birds. Their work led to the founding of the

    Massachusetts Audubon Society.

    Influential People of Mass Audubon

  • Propper Boston ladies Harriet Hemenway and her cousin Minna Hall are absolutely

    incensed by the latest style: ladies hats topped with not just feathers but whole birds.

    The fad dovetails with the womens suffrage movement: Fashion was killing birds as

    well as killing womens chances to have the right to vote and be listened to. For who

    would listen to a woman with a dead bird on her head?

    Harriet and Minna found the Massachusetts Audubon Society; take their crusade to

    sportsmen, socialites and schoolchildren; lobby for laws to protect wildfowl; and even

    help bust an illegal feather warehouse. Catrow contributes flamboyant caricatures of

    the behatted Bostonians in convincing period costume, and his watercolors of birds

    mimic John James Audubons own naturalistic paintings. Despite Laskys and Catrows

    enthusiasm, however, Harriet and Minna in their zealotry seem just as exaggerated and

    one dimensional as their fashionably feathered foes. Publishers Weekly

    In Childrens Literature

  • Mass Audubon in Numbers

    500,000

    50100,000

    34,000

    Members

    Acres

    public Mass Audubon sanctuaries

    Visitors annually

  • Dartmouth was first settled in 1652 and was officially incorporated in 1664.

    It was named for the town of Dartmouth, Devon, England, from where the

    Puritans originally intended to depart for America.

    The land was purchased with trading goods from the Wampanoag chiefs

    Massasoit and Wamsutta by elders of the Plymouth Colony; reportedly thirty

    yards of cloth, eight moose skins, fifteen axes, fifteen hoes, fifteen pairs of

    shoes, one iron pot, and ten shillings worth of assorted goods.

    Dont be fooled by the sanctuarys address; the sanctuarys mailbox is across Horseneck Road in Westport, but all of the sanctuarys land is in Dartmouth.

    Dartmouth, Massachusetts

    34,000public Mass Audubon sanctuaries

  • The Sanctuary

  • The field station as viewed from the entrance at Allens Pond.

  • Allens Pond Wildlife Sanctuary was established in 1986 with the purchase

    of seventy acres along Horseneck Road and Buzzards Bay from one of the

    oldest families in the community. As years went by, the sanctuary grew as

    Mass Audubon and accquired more land.

    With 905 acres and a diverse variety of habitats including a coastal salt

    pond, salt marsh, heath, scrub and forested uplands and early successional

    agricultural habitats, Allens Pond offers miles of hiking trails accessible

    from two locations: a small parking lot is located at Allens Neck Road next

    to the Horseneck Holy Ghost in Dartmouth and the Field Station is located

    at 1280 Horseneck Road in Westport.

    Allens Pond

    The entrance to the trail walking from the Allens Neck Road location.

  • Mass Audubons goal is to use the sanctuary as a model for research and adaptive

    ecological management and the staff as a community resource for local avian

    research and conservation initiatives.

    Staff members work year-round to maintain seven miles of trail, provide outreach

    to local schools and communities, support a corps of volunteers, and conduct

    ecological monitoring of animals such as piping plovers, least terns, ospreys,

    grassland birds, and butterflies, as well as habitats including the salt marsh

    and a fifty five acre, warm-season grassland.

    Staff members also work with local towns and organizations to help protect and

    preserve the watersheds of Buzzards Bay. Buzzards Bay has only a few coastal salt

    ponds and, as they are productive habitats for wildlife such as fish, shellfish and

    birds, they are a particularly valuable resource to protect.

    The Sanctuarys Goal

    A staff member looks for a Monarch to tag.

  • Barrier Beach

    A sand ridge that rises slightly above the surface of the sea that runs roughly parallel to the shore.

    Habitats

    Coastal Salt Pond

    Pond and marsh communities with brackish to fresh water.

    Salt Marsh

    Flat land that is overflowed by salt water.

  • Forest

    Land covered chiefly with trees and undergrowth.

    Shrubland

    Land on which shrubs are the dominant vegetation.

    Grassland

    Land occupied chiefly by herbaceous plants and grasses.

  • Allens Pond is one of the most ecologically

    significant coastal systems in southern New England.

  • Because of the pristine and rare habitats the sanctuary protects, Allens Pond is seen

    as one of the most ecologically significant coastal systems in southern New England.

    In fact, it is centered within a site identified by The Nature Conservancy as one of the

    most intact coastal complexes remaining in the North Atlantic Coast Ecoregion and,

    as such, they have designated it a portfolio site of conservation priority.

  • Allens Pond Wildlife Sanctuary is a great place to observe spectacular bird life

    and salt marsh activity with over 300 bird species recorded during migration or

    nesting season.

    The sanctuarys half-mile stretch of beach provides important nesting habitat

    for rare piping plovers and least terns. The sanctuary also attracts birds of

    prey in all seasons including nesting ospreys, migrant bald eagles, short-eared

    owls,peregrine falcons,and northern harriers. From midsummer through fall the

    salt marshes and tidal flats host many species of shorebirds and wading birds

    such as yellowlegs, snowy and great egrets, willets, and great blue herons.

    Birds

  • Rare Birds at Allens Pond

    Some rare birds sighted at Allens Pond include the Common Loon, Pied-billed Grebe, Sharp-shinned

    Hawk, Northern Harrier, Bald Eagle, American Bittern, Peregrine Falcon, Piping Plover, Least Tern,

    Roseate Tern, Common Tern, Common Moorhen, King Rail, Short-eared Owl, and Coopers Hawk.

    A Piping Plover at Allens Pond Photo by Myer Bornstein

    A Common Tern at Allens Pond Photo by Myer Bornstein

  • Butterflies

    Allens Pond has a butterfly garden that serves as a way-station for these

    butterflies. The way-station provides necessary resources for monarchs to

    produce successive generations and sustain their migration. Volunteers tag

    these monarchs to track them as they migrate. Data is sent to the University

    of Kansas Monarch Watch program in an effort to help better understand

    how and why monarchs migrate.

    An Orange Sulphur butterfly

    Common Butterflies

    Common butterflies at Allens Pond include the Black Swallow Tail, Mourning

    Cloack, Monarch, Red Autumn, Cabbage White, Orange Sulphur, Clouded Sulphur,

    Eastern Tailed-Blue, American Lady, Painted Lady, Question Mark, Common Buck-

    eye, Pearl Crescent, Least Skipper, Pecks Skipper, and American Copper butterfly.

  • Monarch butterflies are not able to

    survive the cold winters of most of t