art - expressionism

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EXPRESSIONISMExpressionist artists created works with more emotional force, rather than with realistic or natural images.Distorted outlinesApplied strong colorsExaggerated formsWorked more with imagination and feelingsVarious StylesNeoprimitivismFauvismDadaismSurrealismSocial realism

NEOPRIMITIVISMNeoprimitivism was an art style that incorporated elements from the native arts of the South Sea Islanders and the wood carvings of African tribes which suddenly became popular at that time. Among the Western artists who adapted these elements was Amedeo Modigliani, who used the oval faces and elongated shapes of African art in both his sculptures and paintings.

HeadAmedeo Modigliani, 1913 Yellow SweaterAmedeo Modigliani, 1919

Fauvism a style that used bold, vibrant colors and visual distortions. Its name was derived from les fauves (wild beasts), referring to the group of French expressionist painters who painted in this style. Perhaps the most known among them was Henri Matisse.

Blue Window1911

Woman with Hat1905Dadaism was a style characterized by dream fantasies, memory images, and visual tricks and surprises. Although the works appeared playful, the movement arose from the pain that a group of European artists felt after the suffering brought by World War I. Wishing to protest against the civilization that had brought on such horrors, these artists rebelled against established norms and authorities, and against the traditional styles in art. They chose the childs term for hobbyhorse, dada, to refer to their new non-style.

Melancholy and Mystery of a StreetGiorgio de Chirico1914

I and the VillageMarc Chagall1911Surrealism was a style that depicted an illogical, subconscious dream world beyond the logical, conscious, physical one. Its name came from the term super realism, with its artworks clearly expressing a departure from realityas though the artists were dreaming, seeing illusions, or experiencing an altered mental state.

Persistence of MemorySalvador Dali, 1931

DianaPaul Klee1932

Personages with StarJoan Miro, 1933The movement known as social realism expressed the artists role in social reform. Here, artists used their works to protest against the injustices, inequalities, immorality, and ugliness of the human condition. In different periods of history, social realists have addressed different issues: war, poverty, corruption, industrial and environmental hazards, and morein the hope of raising peoples awareness and pushing society to seek reforms.

Miners WivesBen Shahn1948

GuernicaPablo Picasso, 1937The most monumental and comprehensive statement of social realism against the brutality of war.

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