aww2013: sustainability requirements for cbos to manage rural water supply schemes by ruwan sanath...
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7/29/2019 AWW2013: Sustainability Requirements for CBOS to Manage Rural Water Supply Schemes by Ruwan Sanath Liyan
Title: Sustainability Requirements for CBOS to Manage Rural Water Supply Schemes
Authors:Ruwan Sanath Liyanage NWSDB Sri Lanka
Abstract: First, decentralizingmanagement to the lowest appropriatelevel, coupled with close communityinvolvement in planning, financing,implementation, and operationsprovides a good foundation forsustainable services. During pastdecades, lack of access to potabledrinking water in rural areas hasprompted the Asian DevelopmentBank(ADB) and other donors toincrease user involvement. Users wereencouraged to participate in theplanning, implementation, andoperation and maintenance of ruralwater supply schemes .However,
experience shows that CommunityBased Organizations (CBOs) areconstrained in maintaining thesustainable water system. Tounderstand the challenges facing CBOsa study was undertaken in Sri Lankawhere six rural water supply schemeswhich were implemented ADB fundscompared
The schemes are maintainingby CBOs for last sevenyears.The research had two
main interests: 1) to compareCBO management with localauthority and National Waterboard management and 2)whether a CBO can manageover a thousand connections.Results shows that communitycan manage water supplyschemes if provide support tothem.
The purpose of the study is tocontribute to knowledge todevelop an appropriateSystem of
CBOs to manage water supplyschemes. Hence based ontheoretical frame workdeveloped,
Frame work was alsodeveloped to test selectedindicators of sustainable
RWSS.This requires a varietyof qualitative and quantitativedata. Secondary and primarydata were collected from sixwater supply schemesmaintained by CBOs , NWSDBand Local Authority.
Accordingly, the methodology
used in this study was mainlythree fold and they
Results and discussion
It is required to achieve construction standards
before handing over the schemes to CBOs and
Local Authorities as those institutions lack the
capacities to rectify defects during the O&M. From
the results analyzed it was observed that
construction of treatment plants, metering of service
connections and quality control by independent body
are the main areas needing attention.
Mobilization of community using proper training and
awareness were the main tools of community
development. In respect of sense of ownership,
financial transparency, technical knowledge,managerial capacity, women participation, water
resource management and hygiene education are
key drivers of sustainable rural water supply
CBOs are capable in many O& M activities when
compared with Local Authority and NWSDB.
However, they do not engage in water quality
monitoring, they do not have continuous training anddevelopment and they do not have a regular feed
back of their work.
CBOs are capable of managing over 1,000 service
connections even though they are not capable of
implementing water quality monitoring programs.
Where CBOs are not the maintaining authority, it isrecommended to involve them as a pressure group