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  • 7/29/2019 AWW2013: Sustainability Requirements for CBOS to Manage Rural Water Supply Schemes by Ruwan Sanath Liyan



    Title: Sustainability Requirements for CBOS to Manage Rural Water Supply Schemes


    Authors:Ruwan Sanath Liyanage NWSDB Sri Lanka

    Abstract: First, decentralizingmanagement to the lowest appropriatelevel, coupled with close communityinvolvement in planning, financing,implementation, and operationsprovides a good foundation forsustainable services. During pastdecades, lack of access to potabledrinking water in rural areas hasprompted the Asian DevelopmentBank(ADB) and other donors toincrease user involvement. Users wereencouraged to participate in theplanning, implementation, andoperation and maintenance of ruralwater supply schemes .However,

    experience shows that CommunityBased Organizations (CBOs) areconstrained in maintaining thesustainable water system. Tounderstand the challenges facing CBOsa study was undertaken in Sri Lankawhere six rural water supply schemeswhich were implemented ADB fundscompared

    The schemes are maintainingby CBOs for last sevenyears.The research had two

    main interests: 1) to compareCBO management with localauthority and National Waterboard management and 2)whether a CBO can manageover a thousand connections.Results shows that communitycan manage water supplyschemes if provide support tothem.

    The purpose of the study is tocontribute to knowledge todevelop an appropriateSystem of

    CBOs to manage water supplyschemes. Hence based ontheoretical frame workdeveloped,

    Frame work was alsodeveloped to test selectedindicators of sustainable

    RWSS.This requires a varietyof qualitative and quantitativedata. Secondary and primarydata were collected from sixwater supply schemesmaintained by CBOs , NWSDBand Local Authority.

    Accordingly, the methodology

    used in this study was mainlythree fold and they

    Results and discussion

    It is required to achieve construction standards

    before handing over the schemes to CBOs and

    Local Authorities as those institutions lack the

    capacities to rectify defects during the O&M. From

    the results analyzed it was observed that

    construction of treatment plants, metering of service

    connections and quality control by independent body

    are the main areas needing attention.

    Mobilization of community using proper training and

    awareness were the main tools of community

    development. In respect of sense of ownership,

    financial transparency, technical knowledge,managerial capacity, women participation, water

    resource management and hygiene education are

    key drivers of sustainable rural water supply


    CBOs are capable in many O& M activities when

    compared with Local Authority and NWSDB.

    However, they do not engage in water quality

    monitoring, they do not have continuous training anddevelopment and they do not have a regular feed

    back of their work.

    CBOs are capable of managing over 1,000 service

    connections even though they are not capable of

    implementing water quality monitoring programs.

    Where CBOs are not the maintaining authority, it isrecommended to involve them as a pressure group

    for O&Mauthority.