behavior management training for aces staff melissa caison paul wirth guilford county schools

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Behavior Management Behavior Management Training for ACES Training for ACES Staff Staff Melissa Caison Paul Wirth Guilford County Schools

Author: colin-richards

Post on 22-Dec-2015




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  • Slide 1
  • Behavior Management Training for ACES Staff Melissa Caison Paul Wirth Guilford County Schools
  • Slide 2
  • Introduction Who we are What we do Who you are Topics that we will cover Proactive Steps in Behavior Management Physical Aggression Bullying Non-compliance Runners
  • Slide 3
  • Proactive Steps in Behavior Management Structure of the Group Low Medium High Expectations for Behavior What they can and cannot do Your rules Reinforcers/Consequences Supervision of the Students Where you should be When you should be there
  • Slide 4
  • Structure of the Group Your structure depends on the need of the students Low Structure Small groups, older students, students that are more responsible Medium Structure Larger groups, younger students, students that are responsible but can become more challenging High Structure Larger groups, younger students, students that consistently are having behavioral difficulties
  • Slide 5
  • Expectations for Behavior If you know how you want them to behave, you need to tell them- How do they tell you what they need? How do they use the bathroom and get water? What are the rules for your group- Teach them to the students and review them often Keep it simple- 3-5 rules max What happens when they follow the rules? Reinforcements What happens when they dont follow the rules? Consequences What you can and cannot do
  • Slide 6
  • Supervision of Students One of the more important pieces of Behavior Management Students must be monitored at all times to protect: Students Yourself Active Supervision An effective supervisor will be: THERE AWARE ON TIME
  • Slide 7
  • Playground Supervisor Who Wasnt Paying Attention
  • Slide 8
  • Supervision : Expect An effective supervisor communicates high expectations for cooperation and compliance verbally and nonverbally. Be aware of your body language, facial expressions and tone of voice. An effective supervisor is proactive and intervenes early. Interact positively with students who are known to have difficulty. Do not ignore misbehavior.
  • Slide 9
  • Bullying What does bullying look like? Physical, verbal, emotional Can be seen or behind the scenes What are the characteristics of a bully- Socially inadequate Few or no friends Can either be very outspoken or very shy
  • Slide 10
  • Bullying Strategies for Bullying Supervise and be aware Looking for the signs Things missing Students complaining about specific student repeatedly Speaking with the student, parents, school staff Involve as many people as possible Develop a plan for the student
  • Slide 11
  • Physical Aggression Comes in many forms Aggressive towards objects, peers, staff Strategies Find the source of the aggression Frustration, anxiety, learned behavior, etc. Look for a Pattern Specific activities, times, etc Teach the Student Social Skills Replacement Behavior
  • Slide 12
  • Physical Aggression More Strategies Structure the Environment to allow fewer opportunities Limit activities that can become a competition Be as near to the student as possible Communicate concerns with parents and school staff to develop a plan of action Stress expectations of behavior; have reinforcers and consequences available
  • Slide 13
  • Non-compliance
  • Slide 14
  • Non-compliance Otherwise known as: Defiance Failure to adhere Hardheaded Headstrong Not listening Oppositional ODD-(Oppositional Defiant Disorder) Stubborn Steadfast
  • Slide 15
  • Non-compliance (contd) Very important!! Remember: You cannot make anyone do anything! What you can do: Create as many opportunities for the student to be successful. Utilize positive reinforcement to encourage compliance.
  • Slide 16
  • Non-compliance (contd) The way you interact or behave with students directly influences their behavior and reactions. Rather than manhandling the student and physically making them do what you ask, you should: Set limits Offer proactive praise and positive encouragement.
  • Slide 17
  • Setting Limits Limits should be : Enforceable Reasonable - Clear and Concise
  • Slide 18
  • Setting Limits (contd) When setting limits you can also: Offer choices: For example, say, If you (initial request), then you can (positive outcome). If you do not (initial request), then (undesirable outcome).
  • Slide 19
  • Setting Limits (contd) Why this works: Whether a student is officially diagnosed with ODD or not, students who are consistently defiant often lack problem solving skills. Using this form statement assists these students with becoming aware of the possible outcomes of their actions. Consistency with this method will eventually send the message that defiance will not get me what I want. When setting limits, your reaction and facial expression is important for effective delivery. Expect compliance, and walk away after making the statement, allowing sufficient time to choose.
  • Slide 20
  • Ineffective Strategies Entering into power struggles I am the authority figure and you need to do what I say! Making challenging statements/gestures Did you hear what I said? or standing over or next to the student while waiting for a response. Answering the student back responding to attempts to negotiate or verbal manipulation. Utilize the broken record technique. Stick to the topic and repeat your directives and possible outcomes without explanations.
  • Slide 21
  • You Should: Put the responsibility back on the student by simply stating, you choose the behavior, then you choose the consequences. Remain calm Be consistent Listen Enforce limits/consequences Make positive eye contact
  • Slide 22
  • You should not: Overreact Match their emotions therefore escalating with the student Take their inappropriate behavior personally Failing to respond or ignoring the behavior hoping it will go away or because you just dont want to deal with it Make false promises
  • Slide 23
  • **NOTE** Chronically defiant students often have: Irrational thinking Quick tempers Annoyance, resentment, and hostility toward authority figures and adults in general Excuses for their inability to cope A need for attention, but then seem to want to be left alone (passive aggressive)
  • Slide 24
  • Defiant and noncompliant kids need: Lots of strong praise and support Separation from others if student becomes a severe distraction and/or belligerent. **Note** Classic time-out as a consequence is usually not effective. For a chronically defiant student, this does not usually allow time for reflection. It gives the student time to plot revenge or to stew. Structure this is done by setting limits consistently
  • Slide 25
  • Runners
  • Slide 26
  • Running contd AKA: Elopement Abandoning areas Leaving assigned areas
  • Slide 27
  • Running contd First you should determine the function of the behavior or the purpose of the behavior. Possible reasons: To gain power and/or control Attention Avoidance of task/person/school Anxiety
  • Slide 28
  • Running contd. If their purpose is to gain power and/or control: Remember how to set limits? This gives the student a sense of control because it allows for the opportunity to choose the behavior and consequence. You can proactively offer opportunities for prestige and recognition.
  • Slide 29
  • Running contd If their purpose for running is for attention: Refrain from overreacting and making sudden movements. You can proactively offer lots of attention when the student is displaying appropriate behavior. The idea is to send the message that appropriate behavior will earn attention.
  • Slide 30
  • Running contd If the students purpose for running is to avoid: A task: Determine the students ability to perform the task Provide assistance when possible/necessary Provide contingent rewards if possible
  • Slide 31
  • Running contd. A person Investigate the situation Obtain as much information on the student as possible to determine effective techniques, students learning styles, triggers, etc. If possible, change groups so the student does not require contact from the undesirable individual
  • Slide 32
  • Running contd School Remind student that after school program is only for a limited time. Make all attempts to make the experience desirable if students display appropriate behaviors. Obtain parental support
  • Slide 33
  • Running contd Anxiety Determine what may be causing the anxiety *Noise levels provide student with headphones or earplugs * Difficulty in large groups If possible, provide an area with limited persons. Teach student coping skills (counting, staying focused on task at hand, ignoring, taking deep breaths, etc.)
  • Slide 34
  • Running contd. Proactive Measures: Always be aware of exits Attempt to refrain from triggers Keep student in eyesight Offer verbal intervention if you notice student becoming agitated and/or anxious Attempt to divert students attention from stressor Make arrangements for easy communication with other staff (walkie-talkies, nonverbal signals, etc.)
  • Slide 35
  • Running contd Once student is in the progress of running: Do not chase the student. This is a liability issue! Remain a safe distance from student. Keep the student in your eyesight. Do not threaten the student or engage in excessive verbiage Document incidents Obtain parental support SET LIMITS
  • Slide 36
  • In conclusion Following incidents of Noncompliance and Running; Follow up with a brief discussion Refrain from lecturing! During this discussion, include: The dangers of running Determine any patterns of behavior and make possible/necessary modifications Teaching of coping skills Teaching of problem solving skills
  • Slide 37
  • Contd Briefly re-teach your programs expectations and possible consequences Negotiate alternatives for behavior Develop a behavior contract Take this time to connect with the student and to develop a rapport!