blade runner 2049 (2017) roger deakins, asc, bsc future of

Click here to load reader

Post on 22-Apr-2022

1 views

Category:

Documents

0 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

Townhall_Atmos_8_pdfv2FUTURE OF ATMOSPHERIC EFFECTS IN CINEMATOGRAPHY
ASC FUTURE PRACTICES Blade Runner 2049 (2017) Roger Deakins, ASC, BSC
FUTURE OF ATMOSPHERIC EFFECTS FOR FILMMAKERS JULY 2020
PDF DISLCAIMER
This PDF version of the keynote presentation is limited in its use since neither the report or oral portion accompany it.
Some multi-stage slides that build have been removed to optimize as a PDF.
Feedback and suggestions welcome.
FUTURE OF ATMOSPHERIC EFFECTS FOR FILMMAKERS
ATMOSPHERIC EFFECTS IN CINEMA
Atmosphere has been part of cinema for nearly a century and used in photography and painting for much longer.
The Exorcist (1973), Owen Roizman, ASC Citizen Kane (1941), Gregg Toland, ASC
FUTURE OF ATMOSPHERIC EFFECTS FOR FILMMAKERS
BACKGROUND
ICG Local 600 Guidelines: “curtail the use of atmospheric effects”
The Assassination of Jesse James by the Coward Robert Ford (2007), Roger Deakins, ASC, BSC
FUTURE OF ATMOSPHERIC EFFECTS FOR FILMMAKERS
BACKGROUND
ICG Local 600 Guidelines: “curtail the use of atmospheric effects”
Cinematographers: “Is there more detailed guidance ?”
Paul (2011), Lawrence Sher, ASC
FUTURE OF ATMOSPHERIC EFFECTS FOR FILMMAKERS
BACKGROUND
ICG Local 600 Guidelines: “curtail the use of atmospheric effects”
Cinematographers: “Is there more detailed guidance ?”
ICG Local 600 on June 9th: curtail the use of atmospheric effects, until…
…we know it doesn’t increase Covid-19 transmission
…we know more about how we implement ventilation
…we can guarantee nobody loses work due to Covid-like symptoms.
FUTURE OF ATMOSPHERIC EFFECTS FOR FILMMAKERS
BACKGROUND
ICG Local 600 Guidelines: “curtail the use of atmospheric effects”
DGA-SAG-IA-399 The Safe Way Forward:
“Use atmospheric effects under HSS supervision” (TSWF p12, section 2h)
“crew will have access to top-level gear, like fogging systems” for sanitation. (TSWF p13 section 4)
Blade Runner (1982), Jordan Cronenweth, ASC
FUTURE OF ATMOSPHERIC EFFECTS FOR FILMMAKERS
BACKGROUND
ICG Local 600 Guidelines: “curtail the use of atmospheric effects”
AMPTP / Industry-Wide Labor Management Safety Committee Task Force
No specific limits set to use of atmospheric effects
Ventilation recommended, not exclusive to atmospheric effects
Apocalypse Now (1979), Vittorio Storaro, ASC
FUTURE OF ATMOSPHERIC EFFECTS FOR FILMMAKERS
BACKGROUND
ICG Local 600 recommended that ASC Future Practices hold a meeting.
E.T. (1982), Allen Daviau, ASC
FUTURE OF ATMOSPHERIC EFFECTS FOR FILMMAKERS
JUNE 17TH MEETING
Monona Rossol, Industrial Hygienist and ICG / IATSE Safety Consultant
Dr. William Esposito, Dr. of Public Health, CIH, Columbia University, NY
William Jordan, former Deputy Director of Programs at the EPA
Etienne Grignard, Managing Director at Grignard, maker of fog & haze fluids
Grishma Desai, ASQ PMI Lead Chemist, Quality Control Manager at Grignard
FUTURE OF ATMOSPHERIC EFFECTS FOR FILMMAKERS
TYPES OF ATMOSPHERE
FUTURE OF ATMOSPHERIC EFFECTS FOR FILMMAKERS
TYPES OF ATMOSPHERE Smoke from burning & combustion
Not covered by CSATF Safety Bulletin #10
Emits pollution and carcinogens
Run Lola Run (1998), Frank Griebe,
FUTURE OF ATMOSPHERIC EFFECTS FOR FILMMAKERS
TYPES OF ATMOSPHERE Fog & Haze materials used by Special Effects Technicians:
Highly Refined Mineral Oil per CSATF Safety Bulletin 10A, addendum
Glycerin aka glycerol
FUTURE OF ATMOSPHERIC EFFECTS FOR FILMMAKERS
GLYCOLS: SAFE VS NOT SAFE
DO NOT USE as per OSHA & CSATF Safety Bulletin 10 & 10A:
FUTURE OF ATMOSPHERIC EFFECTS FOR FILMMAKERS
GLYCOLS: SAFE As per OSHA & CSATF Safety Bulletin 10A:
Propylene glycol “PG” innovated by Rosco Labs in early 80’s
Triethylene glycol “TEG”
Dipropylene glycol “DPG”
FUTURE OF ATMOSPHERIC EFFECTS FOR FILMMAKERS
GLYCOLS: SAFEST & MOST COMMON As per EPA as well as FDA, FAA, NIOSH, ANSI:
Propylene glycol “PG”
Triethylene glycol “TEG”
Dipropylene glycol “DPG”
Glycols are hygroscopic, meaning they easily combine with water
Dry eyes, dry mouth - usually remedied by hydrating
Rare instances a person cannot tolerate it
Mineral Oils will leave a thin, oily layer behind - some people report gastro- intestinal symptoms
Symptoms usually involve heavy / chronic use
FUTURE OF ATMOSPHERIC EFFECTS FOR FILMMAKERS
“ STUDIES SHOW FOG & HAZE TO BE A HEALTH HAZARD ”
Most studies are from the 1990’s to 2005 - the end of “wild west”
The Assassination of Jesse James by the Coward Robert Ford (2007), Roger Deakins, ASC, BSC
FUTURE OF ATMOSPHERIC EFFECTS FOR FILMMAKERS
“ STUDIES SHOW FOG & HAZE TO BE A HEALTH HAZARD ”
Most studies are from the 1990’s to 2005 - the end of “wild west”
Most studies conflate glycols & mineral oils (entire panel agrees)
Some studies also include pyrotechnic emissions
Mineral oils were often not highly refined, so they had many impurities, and sometimes used past PELs (Permissible Exposure Limits)
Some use of prohibited glycols such as ethylene glycol (NIOSH study)
The Moline Letter of 2015 (re: Mt. Sinai / Environ “Moline Study” of 2000)
FUTURE OF ATMOSPHERIC EFFECTS FOR FILMMAKERS
RECENT REPORTS
Title: Inactivating Influenza Viruses on Surfaces using Hydrogen Peroxide or Triethylene Glycol at Low Vapor Concentrations
Approved hydrogen peroxide (10ppm) and TEG (at 2ppm)
Report for CSATF in Dec 2017: “Theatrical Fog Exposure Assessment Methods, Exposure Limits, and Health Effects – Literature Review” (Colden-Phylmar)
a thorough review of all previous studies
FUTURE OF ATMOSPHERIC EFFECTS FOR FILMMAKERS
OUR SUMMARY
Fog & haze effects do not promote the transmission of viruses - in fact some glycols like TEG deactivate viruses
Ventilation is necessary whether we use atmosphere or not
Covid-like symptoms will show up whether we use atmosphere or not
FUTURE OF ATMOSPHERIC EFFECTS FOR FILMMAKERS
ACTIONS WE CAN TAKE
Work with Special Effects Technicians on choice of material
Official Log of Ingredients & Database Inside Llewyn Davis (2013), Bruno Delbonnel, ASC
FUTURE OF ATMOSPHERIC EFFECTS FOR FILMMAKERS
THE REPORT
Sourced to all relevant studies
Definitions & useful links - super helpful !
At very least, a reference tool on atmospheric effects
FUTURE OF ATMOSPHERIC EFFECTS IN CINEMATOGRAPHY
ASC FUTURE PRACTICES
Thanks to Lawrence Sher, ASC and ShotDeck for the images.
Citizen Kane (1941), Gregg Toland, ASC