bridging digital divide mongolia indonesia proposal

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Bridging Digital Divide Case Analysis of Indonesia and Mongolia ITTP610 Introduction to the Latest IT Technology R&D in Korea Submitted By : Ganbat T Riri Kusumarani Tri Anggraeni Course offered by : Prof. Jae Jeung Rho

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Term Project Proposal for Bridging Digital Divide in Mongolia and Indonesia. Benchmarking with Malaysia and Korea.

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Page 1: Bridging digital divide mongolia indonesia proposal

Bridging Digital DivideCase Analysis of Indonesia and Mongolia

ITTP610Introduction to the Latest IT Technology R&D in Korea

Submitted By : • Ganbat T

• Riri Kusumarani• Tri Anggraeni

Course offered by : Prof. Jae Jeung Rho

Page 2: Bridging digital divide mongolia indonesia proposal

1.Background

2. Objective

3. Scope of Work

4. Methodology

5.Schedule

6.References

Page 3: Bridging digital divide mongolia indonesia proposal
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What is Digital Divide?

Gap between individuals, households, businesses and geographic areas at different socioeconomic levels with regard both to their opportunities to access information and communication technologies and to their use of the Internet for a wide variety of activities .(*OECD)

* OECD = Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development

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Mongolia Indonesia Malaysia South Korea

Territory (in million sq.km) (all wiki)

1,56 1,92 0,329 0,1

Population (wb all) 2,756,001 239,870,937 28,401,017 48,875,000

Population density (people/km2) 2 132 86 504

Urban population percentage 58 54 72 82

Rural population percentage 42 46 28 18

No. of Soums/Villages 329 62.806 338

GDP (current US$, Percapita) 2,250 2,946 8,373 20,757

GDP growth (annual %) 6.4 6.1 7.2 6.2

Unemployment rate (% of total labor force)

11.6 blm 7.9 3.7(2009) 3.6

Literacy rate 95% 92 % 92 % (2009) 97.9%

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Category Mongolia (2010) Indonesia(2011e) Malaysia South Korea

Fixed Line Services :

Total # of subscribers 193,239 43 million

Fixed-line penetration (population) 7% 20%

Telephone Lines (per 100 People)7 16

Mobile services:

Total # of subscribers 2 510 470 265 million

Mobile penetration (population) 94% 110%

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Category Mongolia (2010)

Indonesia(2011) Malaysia(2011) South Korea(2011)

Internet:

Internet Penetration(%) 11.30 12.30 64,6 81,1

Total # of subscribers 319,000 6.5 millions 17 millions 40,3 million

Internet subscriber penetration (population)

11% 2.7% 19 76.5%

Fixed broadband Internet subscribers (per 100 people)

2 1 55,6

Average Internet Speed 1.060Kbps 643Kbps 1.9 Mbps 16.7Mbps

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IDN MGL MY KR

Computer Ownership Percentage : 32.64

Computer Users 36.32

Percentage Ownership Of Internet Access 37.51

Internet Access at Home 2.7 2.9 21.1 95.9

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Current Backbone Infrastructure - Mongolia

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Current Backbone Infrastructure - Indonesia

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We Have A Dream

I have a dream

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WHY PEOPLE NEED Internet

WORLD WIDE NETWORK

Music

Video

E-picture

Games

Voice

Window to world Source for learning English

Source of knowledgeE-library

New culturePublic

network

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• E -post

SERVICES BASED ON INTERNET to rural people

• E -government

• E-business

• E-health

• E-learning

BROADBAND INTERNET

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Broadband for rural area is DREAM ? !

2.5 G Internet 1X

Broadband

1000 times fa

ster

Rocket

Just Car Toy

64 kbps 64 Mbps

1000 Kbps = 1 M

bps

Speed - 0,05 km/ps Speed - 475 km/ps

Why broadband?

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Problem Definition

~~ Huge Area Small Internet Coverage Area~~ Adequate Infrastructure Inefficiency utilization Internet penetration Low~~ Low IT Literacy

~~ Expensive Price for Internet Transmission~~ High Mobility of People

In Indonesia & Mongolia

Specific Problem : Mongolia

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•To propose recommendation for handling Inefficiency Usage of Infrastructure•To analyze problem on IT Literacy•To analyze problem on expensive price for internet transmission (Mongolia)•To analyze USO implementation related to digital divide problem

To look for solution for digital divide problem in Indonesia and Mongolia, Benchmarking with Malaysia and Korea

Main Objective

Sub-Objective

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Where?• Rural Areas in Indonesia

• Rural Areas in Mongolia

What?• Wi-Fi

• WiMAX

• FTTH

With?• Malaysia

• Korea

How?• USOF

• PPPartnership

• OBA (output based aid)

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Recommendation

Benchmarking with Malaysia + Korea (SWOT Analysis, Cost

Analysis)

Data Collection Indonesia &

Mongolia(Current Status)

Literature Review

•Data Collection : Collect updated information about current status on Internet Connection related data•Literature Review : Research for reference papers, ITTP Country reports, journals and books.•Benchmarking with Malaysia: SWOT Analysis, Cost Analysis•Learn from Failure + Success steps that Malaysia and Korea took when facing Digital Divide

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ID Task Name Start Finish DurationApr 2012

29/415/4 6/51/4 20/58/4

1

2

3

4

5

2w16/04/20124/3/2012Data Collection Indonesia

2w16/04/20124/3/2012Data Collection Mongolia

1,4w25/04/201217/04/2012Literature Review

1,8w08/05/201226/04/2012Data Analysis & Evaluation

1w15/05/201209/05/2012Report Submission & Final Recommendation

22/4

May 2012

13/5PIC

Eni & Riri

Ganbath

Group

Group

Group

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• “Mongolia”, www.worldbank.org.

• “Indonesia”, www.worldbank.org.

• ICC Conference Jakarta, 8th June 2011.

• www.crc.gov.mn Annual book CRC, 2010

• www.ictpa.gov.mn USOF complete report, 2010

• “Badan Pusat Statistik Annual Report 2011”,www.bps.go.id

• ITU

• “Bridging the Digital Divide”,Won Geun Park, NISA

• Statistical Beaurau of Malaysia ,http://www.statistics.gov.my

• http://www.mcmc.gov.my

• “Korean Statistical Information Service” ,http://kosis.kr/eng/

• www.cia.gov