causes of wwi wwi: duration and aftermath of wwi wwi leq 3 ... causes of wwi 3/20 wwi: duration and
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MONDAY TUESDAY WEDNESDAY THURSDAY FRIDAY
3/19 Causes of WWI
3/20 WWI: Duration and Effects
3/21 Aftermath of WWI
3/22 WWI LEQ
3/23 Road to WWII
3/28 Finish WWII; WWII DBQ- Analyze docs
3/29 WWII DBQ- Write DBQ response
3/30 NO SCHOOL!
UPCOMING WHAP AGENDA
Other WHAP Reminders: *Pay for your AP Test ASAP if you haven’t already done so! *Our mock exam will be on Saturday, April 7 from 8-11:30 am. More details coming soon. *We will finish our content (Period 6) on Friday, April 20. We will review for almost 4 weeks from 4/23-5/16. *The AP World History Exam is on Thursday, May 17!
The M.A.I.N. Causes of World War I
LONG-TERM CAUSES OF WORLD WAR I M- Militarism
● Arms race among European countries
● Belief that a strong military was needed to be great
● Glorification of the military (show of strength)
● Generals planned for mobilization “just in case” war were to break out
LONG-TERM CAUSES OF WORLD WAR I A- Alliances
● Rivalries, suspicion and mistrust among European countries led to defensive alliances
● Germany, led by Otto Von Bismarck, felt France was the biggest threat to peace (maybe they wanted revenge for their defeat in the Franco-Prussian War?)- wanted to isolate France
○ Germany formed an alliance with Austria-Hungary and Italy by 1883- this was called the Triple Alliance
○ Germany also made a treaty w/ Russia in 1881 Otto Von Bismarck
LONG-TERM CAUSES OF WORLD WAR I A- Alliances
● Kaiser Wilhelm II became ruler of Germany in 1888- forced Otto Von Bismarck out in 1890
○ Wilhelm II let treaty w/ Russia lapse- RUS responded by allying w/ France
○ GER under Wilhelm II had a major shipbuilding project- BR alarmed, formed an entente w/ France
○ By 1907, the Triple Entente included France, Britain, and Russia
Kaiser Wilhelm II
● What do you think militarism and alliances were intended to do?
● What are the problems with these developments?
LONG-TERM CAUSES OF WORLD WAR I I-Imperialism
● Competition for political prestige and economic power among European countries
● Increased rivalry, mistrust as they competed for overseas empires
● Colonies provided additional resources (material and human resources) that could be used in war
LONG-TERM CAUSES OF WORLD WAR I N- Nationalism
● Intense devotion to one’s nation ● Fueled increase rivalry among
European nations ● In the Balkan Peninsula, intense
feelings of nationalism among different ethnic groups (Serbs, Bulgarians, Romanians, etc)- many had demanded independence from Ottoman Empire
IMMEDIATE CAUSES OF WORLD WAR I ● The Balkans were seen as the “Powder
Keg” of Europe- potentially explosive due to nationalistic sentiment among ethnic groups
● Serbia had a large Slavic population- hoped to unite the Slavs of the Balkans
○ Russia supported this ○ Austria opposed this- feared it may cause
Austria’s own Slavic population to rebel
● 1908: Austria annexed Bosnia and Herzegovina- 2 Balkan areas w/ large Slavic populations
○ Serbia was outraged- it wanted to rule this area
IMMEDIATE CAUSES OF WORLD WAR I ● June 28, 1914- Austrian Archduke
Franz Ferdinand and his wife were in Sarajevo (capital of Bosnia)
● Both were assassinated by a Serbian nationalist and member of the Black Hands (secret society that wanted Bosnia free of Austrian rule)
● Austria wanted to punish Serbia- Serbia sought to comply, but by July 28 Austria declared war on Serbia
WORLD WAR I HAD BEGUN!
OUTBREAK OF WORLD WAR I (1914) ● After Austria declared war on Serbia, a domino
effect began as the alliances went into effect
1. Austria declared war on Serbia 2. Russia (Serbia’s ally) moved troops to borders
w/ Austria and Germany 3. Germany (Austria’s ally) declared war on
Russia, then pre-emptively declared war on France (Russia’s ally)
4. Britain (ally of France and Russia) declared war on Germany
OUTBREAK OF WORLD WAR I (1914) Alliances during World War I
● CENTRAL POWERS: Germany and Austria-Hungary- Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire also joined, hoping to regain lost territory
● ALLIES: Britain, France, and Russia- Japan also joined later, also Italy switched sides (felt the other side had unjustly started the war)
Notes About Daily Grades for WHAP ● Make sure you are doing your daily assignments and putting forth effort! ● The key is to be thorough! Be as comprehensive as you possibly can! “Bare
bones” simplistic/minimalistic responses will not cut it!
Literacy Assignment (Ottoman Essay) Feedback ● Not a DBQ or LEQ, but still needed to see a quality essay ● Should’ve still followed the 5 paragraph model- Intro, Body Paragraphs (3),
Conclusion ● Intro should’ve had context and a clear thesis statement ● Each body paragraph needs a topic sentence that clearly identifies what the
paragraph is about and also ties back to the thesis ● Body paragraphs still needed to support your argument with text evidence,
DON’T serve your reader this!
Nobody wants “bare bones”!
Instead, make sure to put plenty of “meat” on those “bones”! Your reader is hungry- give them plenty to “eat”!
Writing an essay is kind of like serving a meal...
LEQ Feedback ● With the prompts given, you were to choose ONE prompt, then decide the
skill you were going to use- this determined which kind of LEQ you would write
○ Comparison- Similarities, differences, or both ○ Causation- Causes, effects, or both ○ CCOT- Continuities, changes, or both
● Then, you were to decide how specific or broad you would make your response- would you focus on one revolution, two revolutions, Atlantic Revolutions in general?
● 5 paragraph model, provide plenty of specific examples and analysis (“meat”)!
Revolutions LEQ ● Half of a test grade- 50 points out of 100 (the other half will come from the
imperialism DBQ) ● Want to improve your score? Revise your LEQ- look over the feedback given,
and make it better. Follow the LEQ revision guide that is posted on the website.
● Turn in your revised LEQ by Thursday, March 22 (before we write our next LEQ)
WHAP HW ● Revise your Revolutions LEQ- use the LEQ revision guide on the website-
turn this in by Thursday, March 22 (this Thursday) ○ MUST be handwritten! ○ MUST be your original ideas- no copying!
● Read and take notes over the Intro to Period 6 (973-979) and Ch. 20 pp 981-985