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  • 1. Bi 622 Revelation

2. REVELATIONChapters 1-3PowerPoint presentation by Mark E. Hardgrove, Ph.D., D.Min. 2010 3. Rev. 1:1-31 The Revelation of Jesus Christ, whichGod gave Him to show His servantsthings which must shortly take place. AndHe sent and signified it by His angel to Hisservant John, 2 who bore witness to theword of God, and to the testimony ofJesus Christ, to all things that he saw. 3Blessed is he who reads and those whohear the words of this prophecy, and keepthose things which are written in it; for thetime is near. 4. The First WordThe opening word of the work is theGreek word apocalupsis, which isderivative of apokalupto meaning, totake off the cover (Strongs). It meansto reveal, uncover, or unveil somethingthat has previously been hidden fromview. This is the unveiling of JesusChrist in the fullness of His glory andpower. 5. The BlessingJohn promises a blessing to those who readand hear the words of the prophecy of thisbook.Revelation was probably intended as acircular letter, much like the Epistle to theEphesians. The entire letter was to read inall of the seven churches. There was ablessing for the one who read it, and forthose who heard it. 6. Rev. 1:44 John, to the seven churches which are inAsia:Grace to you and peace from Him who isand who was and who is to come, andfrom the seven Spirits who are before Histhrone,Who are the seven Spirits? Many believethis is a reference to the sevenfold Spirit ofGod referenced in Isaiah 11:2 7. Isaiah 11:2, NKJV2 The Spirit of the LORD shall rest uponHim,1. The Spirit of wisdom and2. understanding,3. The Spirit of counsel and4. might,5. The Spirit of knowledge and of the6. fear of the LORD. 8. JesusThe name Jesus Christ is found 5 times inthis chapter. After all, this is theRevelation (unveiling) of Jesus.Of may mean that it is about Jesus orthat it from Jesus, or that it belongs toJesus.We know that it comes from Jesus to theangel, but we also know it reveals Him aswell. 9. Rev. 1:55 . . . Jesus Christ, the faithful witness, thefirstborn from the dead, and the ruler over thekings of the earth. To Him who loved us andwashed us from our sins in His own blood,1.) He is the faithful witness2.) He is the firstborn from the dead3.) He is ruler over the kings of the earth4.) He loved us5.) He washed us from our sins in His own blood 10. Rev. 1:66 and has made us kings and priests toHis God and Father, to Him be glory anddominion forever and ever. Amen.6.) He made us kings (literally, a kingdom)7.) He made us priests to His God andFather8.) To Him (Jesus Christ) be glory9.) To Him be dominion10.) Forever (He is eternal) 11. Rev. 1:77 Behold, He is coming with clouds, andevery eye will see Him, even they whopierced Him. And all the tribes of the earthwill mourn because of Him. Even so, Amen.11.) He is coming with clouds12.) Everyone will see Him when He comes13.) Everyone remaining upon the earth whenHe comes will mourn because of whatthey have done to Him. 12. Rev. 1:88 I am the Alpha and the Omega, theBeginning and the End, says the Lord,who is and who was and who is to come,the Almighty.14.) He is the beginning and the end15.) He isthe eternally present, always being16.) He wasprior to anything being, He was,eternal past17.)He is to comeHe is returning bringing oureternal future with Him18.) He is The Almighty, He is Deity 13. Rev. 1:99 I, John, both your brother and companion inthe tribulation and kingdom and patience ofJesus Christ, was on the island that is calledPatmos for the word of God and for thetestimony of Jesus ChristWho is the author? John1. He calls himself a brother of the believers,therefore a Christian.2. He refers to himself as a companion in thetribulation and the kingdom and patience ofJesus Christ, therefore a fellow saint sufferingfor the cause of Christ. 14. Rev. 1:99 I, John, both your brother and companion in thetribulation and kingdom and patience of JesusChrist, was on the island that is called Patmos forthe word of God and for the testimony of JesusChristHe was on Patmos, an Island in the Aegean Sea off thecoast of Turkey.For . . .1. The Word of God, that is, the proclamation of andallegiance to, the Word.2. The testimony of Jesus Christ, that is, either thewitnessing to others of the life and message ofChrist, or, the self-identification with Jesus Christ asa disciple. 15. Rev. 1:1010 I was in the Spirit on the Lords Day,and I heard behind me a loud voice, as ofa trumpet, 11 saying, I am the Alpha andthe Omega, the First and the Last, and,What you see, write in a book and sendit to the seven churches which are inAsia: to Ephesus, to Smyrna, toPergamos, to Thyatira, to Sardis, toPhiladelphia, and to Laodicea. 16. Ezekiel 11:5John is in the Spirit on Sunday, is likeprophets of old. For example, Ezekiel,Then the Spirit of the LORD fellupon me, and said to me,Speak! 17. Seven ChurchesModern Day TurkeyModern day Turkey, knowas Asia in the RomanEmpire 18. 12 I turned around to seethe voice that wasspeaking to me. Andwhen I turned I saw sevengolden lampstands,John turned to see thevoice that was speakingand he saw seven goldenlampstands and in the midstof them he saw theresurrected Lord.13 and in the midst of theseven lampstands Onelike the Son of Man,clothed with a garmentdown to the feet andgirded about the chestwith a golden band. 19. Rev. 1:13The Son of Man (Jesus Christ)symbolsand similes that describe Him:1.)Clothed with a garment down to the feet(priestly robe, He is our High Priest)2.) Girded about the chest with a goldenband (pure heart, intentions, andmotivations) 20. Rev. 1:1414 His head and hair were white like wool,as white as snow, and His eyes like a flameof fire;3.) His head and hair were white like wool, aswhite as snow (white is a word symbolic ofpurity, righteousness, holinessHe is allthese.)4.) His eyes are like a flame of fire (firepenetrates, fire also represents judgment. Heis coming to judge the world with righteousjudgment.) 21. Rev. 1:1515 His feet were like fine brass, as if refinedin a furnace, and His voice as the sound ofmany waters;5) His feet were like fine brass, as if refined in afurnace (brass that has been refined againrepresents purity, while His feet represent Hisjourney, where He has been, where He is,and where He is going.)6) His voice as the sound of many waters (thesound of His voice commands attention andrespect. His word is authoritative.) 22. Rev. 1:1616 He had in His right hand seven stars, out ofHis mouth went a sharp two-edged sword, andHis countenance was like the sun shining in itsstrength.7.) Verse 20 Jesus tells us these stars are sevenangels. They are in His hand, under Hiscommand to do His bidding.8.) The Writer of Hebrews tells us, His Word is likea two-edged sword. His Word will bringvengeance upon His enemies and deliveranceto His servants.9.) The shining countenance testifies to His glory,much like that seen on the Mount Sinai withMoses, and also on the Mount ofTransfiguration. 23. Rev. 1:1717 When I saw him, I fell at his feet as thoughdead. Then he placed his right hand on me andsaid: "Do not be afraid. I am the First and theLast.1) Jesus consoles John with the words, Do not beafraid. What is the significance of these wordsfor the early church?2) Jesus touched John with His right hand. He felldown as though dead at the sight of Jesus, butwas raised up at the touch of Jesus.3) Jesus declares that He is the First and theLast. 24. Rev. 1:181.) I am (A title of Deity and eternality, akin tothe name Yahweh)2.) He who lives (Affirms the resurrection ofJesus)3.) And was dead (He really did die for our sinsand has tasted death for us, in our place)4.) Behold I am alive forevermore (Claims aneternal future)5.) I have the keys of Hades and Death (Neverimplies that He lost them, instead is claimingauthority over the grave and of death) 25. Rev. 1:1919 WriteI. the things which you have seen,(past, that is, prior to this vision)II. and the things which are, (Johnspresent at the time of the vision)III. and the things which will take placeafter this (the future, beyond Johnhimself) 26. Rev. 1:19Rev. 1:19 suggests an outline for the book:V. 4 . . . from Him who is, and who was,and who is to come.V. 8 . . . who is, and who was, and who isto come, the Almighty.V. 18 I am He who lives, and was dead,and behold, I am alive forevermore. 27. Rev. 1:2020 The mystery of the seven starswhich you saw in My right hand, andthe seven golden lampstands:The seven stars are the angelsof the seven churches, and theseven lampstands which yousaw are the seven churches. 28. MysteryMystery (Gk. musterion). This wordoccurs four times in Revelation (1:20;10:7; 17:5, 7). It is a derivative of theGreek word muo, which means to shutthe mouth. It is something that hasnot previously been revealed. Thisword in the English occurs only in theNew Testamentonce in the Gospel ofMark and seventeen times in Paulsepistles. 29. Purpose and ImpactThis book was written to comfort and tostrengthen a church that was enduringa time of intense persecution at thehands of the Romans.How do you think the description, theRevelation of Jesus Christ that weveexplored, would impact thosebelievers? How does it impact you? 30. THE SEVEN CHURCHESRev. 2:1-7 EphesusRev. 2:8-11 SmyrnaRev. 2:12-17 PergamosRev. 2:18-29 ThyatiraRev. 3:1-6 SardisRev. 3:7-13 PhiladelphiaRev. 3:14-22 Laodicea 31. Rev. 2:1-7 EphesusEphesus 32. Rev. 2:8-11 SmyrnaSmyrna 33. Rev. 2:12-17 PergamosPergamum 34. Rev. 2:18-29 ThyatiraThyatira 35. Rev. 3:1-6 SardisSardis 36. Rev. 3:7-13 PhiladelphiaPhiladelphia 37. Rev. 3:14-22 LaodiceaLaodicea 38. The Four Views of Rev. 2-3Historicists-The letters contain crypticreference to the conditions in which thewhole church would be found atvarying time in her history. The churchof Ephesus represents the church inJohns own day, while the church inLaodicea stands for the church in theend times.~Gregg, p. 81 39. The Four Views of Rev. 2-3Preteris


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