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  • Chapter 1: Basic Concepts Outline

    Introducing: Basic Concepts

    geographers -

    historians -

    human geography -

    where and why -

    Figure 1-1

    Key Issue 1: How do geographers describe where things are?

    geography -

    Thinking geographically -

    Maps

    definiton -

    cartography -

    As a reference tool -

    As a communications tool -

    Figure 1-2

    Early Mapmaking

    Eratosthenes -

    Ptolemy -

    Pei Xiu -

    explorers -

    Contemporary Mapping

    Hurricane Katrina -

    Figure 1-7 -

    inequality of the destruction

    Map Scale

    definition -

    ratio -

    written -

    graphic -

    appropriate scale -

    Figure 1-8 -

  • Chapter 1: Basic Concepts Outline

    Projection

    definition -

    distortions -

    equal area projections -

    Robinson projection -

    Mercator projection -

    Figure 1-9 -

    Geographic Grid

    meridian -

    parallel -

    measuring latitude and longitude -

    Figure 1-10 -

    Telling Time

    Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) -

    15 -

    International Date Line -

    Figure 1-11 -

    Contemporary Tools

    GIScience -

    Remote Sensing

    definition -

    GPS

    three elements -

    description -

    devices -

    Layering Data: GIS

    defintion -

    layers -

    Figure 1-13 -

    Mixing Data: Mashups

    definition -

    description -

  • Chapter 1: Basic Concepts Outline

    Key Issue 2: Why is each point on Earth unique?

    place -

    Place: A Unique Location

    location -

    Place Names

    toponym -

    Board of Geographical Names -

    Site

    defintion -

    factors -

    Figure 1-15 -

    Situation

    defintion -

    importance -

    Regions: A Unique Area

    region -

    cultural landscape -

    Figure 1-17 -

    Formal Region

    defintion -

    characteristics -

    cautionary steps -

    Functional Region

    defintion -

    uses -

    examples -

    Figure 1-18 -

    Vernacular Region

    defintion -

    mental map -

    examples -

    Figure 1-19 -

    The South -

  • Chapter 1: Basic Concepts Outline

    Regions of Culture

    culture

    What people care about

    What people take care of

    Spatial Association

    scale understanding

    Figure 1-21

    explaining (factors) -

    Key Issue 3: Why are different places similar?

    three basic concepts -

    Scale: From Local to Global

    scale -

    globalization -

    Globalization of Economy

    housing bubble -

    transnational corporation -

    global economy -

    Figure 1-22 -

    Globalization of Culture

    uniform cultural preferences -

    McDonalds -

    Figure 1-23 -

    Space: Distribution of Features

    space -

    distribution -

    Distribution Properties: Density

    concentration -

    Figure 1-24 -

    Distribution Properties: Pattern

    pattern -

    Figure 1-26 -

    Cultural Identity in Space

    varying patterns according to -

  • Chapter 1: Basic Concepts Outline

    Distribution Across Space

    Behavioral geography -

    Movement Across Space

    gender -

    ethnicity -

    Cultural Identity in Contemporary Geography Thought

    Poststructuralist geography -

    Figure 1-30 -

    Connections between Places

    connection -

    Relocation Diffusion

    hearth -

    diffusion -

    Figure 1-31 -

    relocation diffusion -

    examples of relocation diffusion -

    Expansion Diffusion

    Hierarchical -

    Figure 1-32 -

    Contagious -

    Figure 1-33 -

    Stimulus -

    Spatial Interaction

    distance decay -

    space-time compression -

    Figure 1-34 -

    network -

    Unequal Access

    core areas -

    Africa, Asia, and Latin America -

    Figure 1-35 -

    economic inequality -

    Figure 1-36 -

  • Chapter 1: Basic Concepts Outline

    Key Issue 4: Why are some human actions not sustainable?

    resource -

    Sustainability and Resources

    renewable -

    nonrenewable -

    sustainability -

    Three Pillars of Sustainability

    Environment -

    Economy -

    Society -

    Earths Physical Systems

    Atmosphere -

    climate -

    Hydrosphere -

    Lithosphere -

    Topographic maps -

    Figure 1-41 -

    USGS -

    Sustainability and Human Environment Relationships

    Biosphere -

    ecosystem -

    ecology -

    Cultural Ecology: Integrating Culture and Environment

    cultural ecology -

    Environmental Determinism -

    Humboldt and Ritter -

    Friedrich Ratzel and Ellen Churchill Semple -

    Ellsworth Huntington -

    Possibilism -

    Possiblism and Sustainability -

    Modifying the Environment

    The Netherlands -

    South Florida -