Chatham House July 2007

Download Chatham House July   2007

Post on 12-Jan-2016

37 views

Category:

Documents

0 download

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

Chatham House July 2007. SM Certification in the Congo Basin Region IFIA (Interafrican Forest Industries Association) Herv Bourguignon. IFIA represents the private sector. FIB DRC. SPIB Cte dIvoire. GFBC Cameroon. IFIA Represents 300 firms. UFIGA Gabon. ATIBT. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

TRANSCRIPT

  • Chatham HouseJuly 2007SM Certification in the Congo Basin Region

    IFIA (Interafrican Forest Industries Association)Herv Bourguignon

  • IFIA represents the private sector IFIARepresents 300 firmsGFBCCameroonUFIGAGabonSPIBCte dIvoireFIBDRCLa Fondation16 major companiesATIBT

  • Sustainable management in the Congo Basin RegionSM has made conciderable progress in only five years

    Two concessions obtained a FSC certication. A growing number of timber companies are working on it.Less than 2% of surfaces are certifiedIt is not enough

  • How to give a sustainability content to the Flegt process ? A wide variety of playersSFM is not afordable for many playersSome FMP of poor qualityIllegal operators have no intention to work on SM few candidates can reach certification To get the commitment of the most important companiesA large portion of certified area would change the overall situation and have an impact outside concessions

  • IFIA/ATIBT:a new momentum to SM

    A well managed Certified forest enterprise represent security: Protecting local populations and Protecting wild life and fighting against poachingConverting wood suppliers of certified concessions into virtuous actorsNational parks would be protected from outsideA clear mobilization towards certification would turn around the problematic in the Congo Forest RegionThe objective of IFIA / ATIBT: 10 million hectares certified by 2012 20% of the surfaces awarded to logging operations

  • 10 m ha of certified areas can only be reached through a combined effortIFIA calls on all stakeholders to open discussions on one unique certification guideline for the Congo Basin Region adapted to the African context a clear separation between social obligations incumbing to timber companies and the state financing for candidates to certificationStakeholders involved are:FSC institution, NGOsDonors and cooperation agenciesLocal administrations

  • How to reach 10 million hectares of certified concessions? today The 15 biggest companies with a long term vision have decided to join their effort and create the momentum.They represent around 18 million ha. They are gathered in la Fondation. Their objective is to reach 7 million ha of certified operations by 2012: 70% of the general objective of 10 million Ha If conditions fulfilled, more would join: a virtuous circle would be created

  • A clear commitment of La Fondation on SM certification The commitments will be achieved in two steps

    The situation in 2007In 2007: 300 000 ha of FSC certified forests,2 million including other systems9 million ha of legality certificate But about 3 million ha are close to FSC certification

  • Companies of La Fondation commit themselves on SM certification Two steps: one to be achieved before dic. 2009 and one before dic. 2012In december 2009 => a Legality CertificateAll companies will have to prove their legality with a legality Certificate (OLB, TLTV, Controlled Wood, Smartwood). Exclusion will sanction non complianceIn december 2012: 40% of their surfaces SM certified FSC or PAFC

  • Pre-requisitesA certification guideline adapted to AfricaEstablishing a national guideline should not be left to Certification bodiesNational guideline should be trans-regionalFSC should have stabilized requirements =>Companies need to know the rules of the game in order to invest.Define where obligations of the company starts and stopsIn DRC: 150 000 ha 50 000 unhabitants. Brazil: cies own the landWell being in certified TCies attrack all surrounding populationConcept of autochtone populationWhat is development

    Financing for candidates to certification

  • Social aspectsFew successful experiences Arrival of a timber company brings hope that cannot be fulfilledHow to create a balanced dialog?Connection with the market- cash Traditional chefs are challengedThere is no pre- set solutionIFIA/ ATIBT and FAO shall collaborate in order to gain experience on how to solve conflicts between villages and companies

  • How the future might look like!

  • ConclusionsIFIA and ATIBT promote certification of sustainable management:Local producers: Europe fortress of virtue Adress the right problem: PovertyAnd small illegal players Forum ATIBT in Belem in november 2007

    Many interventions on giving a SM content to Flegt Process.The Private sector has re assessed its code of good conduct and decided to go further on commitmentsTen years ago no FMP was implemented. Today half of the surfaces are in the process.

    Companies made huge efforts in order to finance FMP. This effort should not be understimated. Companies depicted as huge transnational companies are usually small and medium companies. The average turnover is around 10-15 million . Due to tax increase over the last five years and fuel price explosion, Euro/ dollar parity their profit margin is razor blade thin.

    Cost is high: 3-5 per ha. Most industrial operators have taken it into account but the process is actively driven forward.

    DRC is less advanced. But it has been struck by an interminable civil war. A new forestry code has been launched in 2002. Civil wars is a major cause of deforestation with slash and burn agriculture and char coal production. Although their titles have not been validated by the Commission created by the DRC gvt, several companies are already working on the FMP. No doubt that in a few years they will have catched up companies in other countries. The main challenge remains the small illegal loggers using Lucas saw mills;

    Le Challenge ce sont les petites surfaces et les essences secondairesAu Gabon, lAFD finance les petits permis. On peut esprer voir des solutions de regroupement avec amnagement.

    A wide variety of playersMany small and medium actorsCommunity ForestsIllegal chainsaw operatorsFew virtuous entrepreneurs with a long term visionSFM is not afordable for many playersA lot of FMP of poor qualityIllegal operators have no intention to work on SM few candidates can reach certification A double speed system => No level playing fieldPlayers with a low degree of SM awareness have conquered 70% of surfaces in Gabon: is it too late already?It is of utmost importance to bring together the most visionary entrepreneurs of the private sector

    We have to act quickly: in Gabon, 70% of surfaces are operated by operators that care less

    The momentum can only be given by the most advanced timber companies in SM.

    They are very conscious that once a few leaders have reached C, the rest must followEnfin, il y a un domaine o les comptences de lentreprise atteignent un seuil. Lexploitation forestire en Afrique met lentreprise en contact avec les populations locales. Respecter les cultures autochtones, les faire bnficier de retombes de lexploitation forestire implique dinstaurer un dialogue permanent avec elles. Or les populations villageoises sont loin dtre des ensembles homognes.

    Le contact dentreprises forestires quipes, modernes est un choc avec les villages traditionnels. Lintroduction de liquidits et la connexion avec le march pour des socits qui fonctionnent sur un mode dautosubsistance est probablement souhaitable mais doit tre accompagn et effectu de manire trs prudente.

    Larrive de lentreprise forestire peut susciter des espoirs qui ne peuvent tre combles chez des populations qui vivent dans la pauvret

    Socits qui peuvent tre perturbes o les chefferies traditionnelles sont contestes par de jeunes urbains rentrs au village plus duqus et qui peuvent privilgier le gain immdiat et prcipiter des pratiques non durables

    Notre argument de fixer des populations dans des zones recules nest valable que si ce pralable est accept. Dun autre ct, comment faire lorsque le forestier dcouvre la ralit de terrain alors quil a dj rpondu un appel doffre?IFIA souhaitent collaborer avec les ONG de terrain locales pour accompagner le dialogue de nos entreprises avec les pop locales Enfin, il y a un domaine o les comptences de lentreprise atteignent un seuil. Lexploitation forestire en Afrique met lentreprise en contact avec les populations locales. Respecter les cultures autochtones, les faire bnficier de retombes de lexploitation forestire implique dinstaurer un dialogue permanent avec elles. Or les populations villageoises sont loin dtre des ensembles homognes.

    Le contact dentreprises forestires quipes, modernes est un choc avec les villages traditionnels. Lintroduction de liquidits et la connexion avec le march pour des socits qui fonctionnent sur un mode dautosubsistance est probablement souhaitable mais doit tre accompagn et effectu de manire trs prudente.

    Larrive de lentreprise forestire peut susciter des espoirs qui ne peuvent tre combles chez des populations qui vivent dans la pauvret

    Socits qui peuvent tre perturbes o les chefferies traditionnelles sont contestes par de jeunes urbains rentrs au village plus duqus et qui peuvent privilgier le gain immdiat et prcipiter des pratiques non durables

    Notre argument de fixer des populations dans des zones recules nest valable que si ce pralable est accept. Dun autre ct, comment faire lorsque le forestier dcouvre la ralit de terrain alors quil a dj rpondu un appel doffre?IFIA souhaitent collaborer avec les ONG de terrain locales pour accompagner le dialogue de nos entreprises avec les pop locales

Recommended

View more >