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WSPA Post Intervention Report
Disaster Name: Indonesia (West Sumatra) Earthquake
Glide Number: TS-2009-000211-IDN
Date of Report: November 2009
Date of Work : 4th October 2009 to 13th October 2009
Emergency Management of Earthquake Affected Animals in Indonesia
This WSPA intervention with its member societies has offered immediate veterinary health care for the animals which are affected by the earthquake in Padang, Pariaman and Padang Pariaman districts of West Sumatra province.
This operation was facilitated with the livestock department of West Sumatra and the respective district livestock authorities at local level in the earthquake area.
This gave the opportunity for the staff trained in disaster response from the member societies Profauna and Yudisthira, to work alongside the government to support animals and the community in the disaster.
The WSPA led team has distributed aid in the form of emergency feed and mineral blocks as energy supplements for the animals to support them in overcoming the stress due to normal care practices being disturbed.
Disaster Assessment and Response
0.797S, 99.925E - Southern Sumatra, Indonesia
Magnitude: 7.9 Mw Depth: 85 km Universal Time (UTC): 30 Sep 2009 10:16:10
Local standard time in your area: 30 Sep 2009 17:16:10
Location with respect to nearby cities:
50 km (31 miles) WNW (290 degrees) of Padang, Sumatra, Indonesia
225 km (140 miles) SW (229 degrees) of Pekanbaru, Sumatra, Indonesia
305 km (189 miles) SSE (156 degrees) of Sibolga, Sumatra, Indonesia 480 km (298 miles) SSW (204 degrees) of Kualalampur, Malaysia
(Source: WHO, ESR-1 dated 30th September 2009)
Damage to veterinary infrastructure in Padang and Pariaman cities have significantly affected the routine functioning of the livestock department in these areas.
A WSPA led team with its member societies Profauna and Yudisthira have organised a veterinary health camp with the inclusion of field veterinarians from the respective livestock departments of Padang, Pariaman and Padang Pariaman regency to address the animal health issues which developed immediately after the earthquake.
Assessment Costs $ 1694.22
Intervention Costs $ 6207.98
TOTAL $ 7902.20
On 30 September at 17:16 a 7.6 RS earthquake struck at a depth of 71 km at 17:38 of the coast of West Sumatra followed by a second measuring 6.2 RS. The Government has revised the official number of dead to 1,117 as this now includes the numbers of missing people. Figures for remote areas are not yet verified. The National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB) is reporting that 198,200 households are in need of emergency shelter.
Lack of access to remote areas remains the major obstacle to providing urgent humanitarian assistance in this phase of emergency response but the Indonesian Military (TNI) agreed to deploy 500 soldiers to build new roads or create new access routes to these affected areas. Furthermore, Palang Merah Indonesia (PMI)/International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies deployed to Sumatra in the coming days with four helicopters that assisted in distributing food to remote areas which remained inaccessible. Unverified damage and loss assessment concluded the earthquake has cost Indonesia an estimated $6.6 million. (OCHA Sitrep 15, 15/10/2009)
The WSPA Asia regional office was in constant touch with member societies Profauna, Yudistira, Srikandi Animal Care and its two Disaster Liaison Officers (DLO) based in Indonesia for the ground updates. There was high media coverage on the devastation of the earthquake in Padang and Pariaman. The information on animal impact was unknown, however based on the severity of disaster and its overall impact as reported by WSPA member societies, relief agencies and media, WSPAs Asian Disaster Assessment and Response Team decided to respond to assess the impact on animals and provide emergency first aid to animals as they were found.
National and International Response
The Government of Indonesia (GoI) has declared a 2 month emergency period. A total of IDR 100 billion is allocated for the provision of emergency relief items.
The Government of Indonesia policy stated that any foreign assistance must be in coordination with BNPB, while local assistance with full coordination with the provincial government. The government indicated that the focus has shifted from search and rescue to relief and reconstruction.
There were 22 teams on the ground with 77 dogs and 512 rescuers. As of 5th Oct, 72 international NGOS were present on the ground providing emergency response to the affected areas.
FAO and ILO were planning to activate, lead and coordinate a working group on livelihoods. Daily cluster meeting held at operational clusters and daily coordination meeting held at the governors house.
Pre Emergency Situation
District Cattle Buffalo Goat Sheep Horse Poultry
Padang 27,966 5,079 24,026 1,483 469 6,227,113
Pariaman 2,702 681 1,580 60 28 2,152,180
Padang Pariaman 58,172 37,834 25,447 40 54 4,063,204
Livestock statistics, West Sumatra Province 2008
Impact & Animal Welfare Needs
Human Impact The National disaster management agency confirmed 1,117 people dead, 738 displaced; the numbers are expected to increase. There are 119,000 severely damaged houses. While these people with affected power and water supply would be under stress for the early recovery, routine animal management practices would be at high risk including feeding, watering, hygiene of animal shelter. This can have a negative impact on the livelihood of the people affected by the earthquake.
Damage to veterinary infrastructure in the affected area
Livestock Department administrative buildings, the clinics and laboratory were damaged significantly at Padang city, including the administrative building for livestock services, West Sumatra province. 140 staff are working in small make-shift laboratories and tents in front of the damaged buildings. The operations were brought disrupted as many staff and their relatives houses were also affected by the earthquake.
This resulted in slow or lack of routine operations including a lack of immediate assistance for the animals and their owners.
The animal owners who lost their family members or their houses / properties completely or partially damaged due to the earthquake were not able to give sufficient time for animals and their daily care.
Animal deaths -WSPA DART met pet owners in Padang city who lost their dogs in the earthquake due to collapsed houses, roofs and other objects. The reports on the number of deaths of animals are still awaited however the number were expected to be significant as the official statements indicate from livestock services to the WSPA team.
Padang city WSPA DART reached the pet owners to assess the situation and spoke with the pet owners at Dobi Street who had lost their dogs in the earthquake during the building collapse.
Pariaman city The team received the information during an interview with a farmer on the deaths of 320 Poultry birds that died in Sikapak Barot.
Padang Pariaman The highest casualties reported in this regency where WSPA DART visited the villages were 65 cattle were buried due to landslides immediately after the earthquake. The livestock office received the confirmation reports of the deaths of 161 cattle, of which 70 were Buffaloes, 34 goats and 1405 poultry.
Cattle have been treated for injuries by the team in three earthquake affected areas. These cases were likely to be more in the earthquake affected villages with damaged shelter.
Stress and panic conditions reported by the animal owners during and after the earthquake where spontaneous responses from animals were witnessed who tried to jump and leave the area / shelter in panic for its own safety.
Water supply to the earthquake affected areas is badly affected so that animal owners have a difficulty to provide adequate water for their large animals.
Long term impact
Cases of loss of appetite and fever were presented by the animal owners in Padang, Pariaman and Padang Pariaman to the WSPA led team which were examined and treated by the veterinarians.
As the animal owners had an impact on their houses and other properties there may be a high chance of animal care being affected which can create new health issues for animals in the earthquake affected region.
Due to damage to the admin buildings including the infrastructure of livestock department many programmes have been delayed or postponed till recovery operations.
Proposed vaccinations for the animals in the month of October are now postponed indefinitely.
Member society staff and volunteers of Profauna and Yudhistira gained field experience on disaster assessment and response in an earthquake zone.
Disaster liaison officers (DLO) for Indonesia received first hand training in earthquake and got the opportunity to be part of field opera