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  • 1. NanoHacking:ConvergingLifeandTechattheNanoscaleMAKE Dr.MarcR.Dusseillerakadusjagr www.dusseiller.ch/labs Biofilia&LUMACentreatAaltoUniversity,Helsinki

2. FromPhotographytoiPhones Wearebackinthestoneage! 3. Neverplannedorforeseen...ENIAC1947IPhone52013 4. HistoryFirsttransistor,1947Lithography PhotographyIntegratedcircuit,1961 5. HistoryofPhotolithography Lithography(v.oldGreek.:lithos,Stoneandgraphein, write)1826Heliography(SunWriting)inventedbyJosephNicphoreNipce Lightsensitivebitumenonglassormetalplates 6. Photography 7. Photography 1826NipcemakesafirstcopperetchofCardinaldAmboise Firstapplication.StructuretransferviaCameraObscura, illuminationandetching Resolution0.51mm!!! 1839Daguerre,furtherdevelopmentofPhotography,Silver coatedcopperplates,uniquecopies! AtthesametimeTalbot,Wedgwoodandothersworkwith lightsensitivesilversaltsonpaperandleather. Photogeneticdrawings,negativpositive.Reproduction. 1855AbelNiepceandLematredevelopHeliagravures. 100Yearslaterfirstcircuitsaretransferredintocopperand etched 1957firstplanaraTransistors 1958firstintegratedcircuits 8. Newlengthscalesin microelectronics Integratedcircuit,1961 9. Photolithography 10. Photolithography Coatedsubstrate Basismaterial,conductivelayer,photosensitive layerThroughUVilluminationanddevelopment structureEtchingofmetalliclayerRemovalofphotosenitivelayer 11. Photolithography 12. ThereisPlentyofRoomatthe Bottom RichardFeynman,1959 13. ThereisPlentyofRoomatthe Bottom RichardFeynman,1959AssoonasImentionthis,people tellmeaboutminiaturization,and howfarithasprogressedtoday. They tell me about electric motors that are the size of the nail on your small finger. And there is a device on the market, they tell me, by which you can writetheLord'sPrayerontheheadofa pin. But that's nothing; that's the most primitive, halting step in the direction I intend to discuss. It is a staggeringly small world that is below. In the year 2000, when they look back at this age, theywillwonderwhyitwasnotuntilthe year 1960 that anybody began seriously 14. NewlengthscaleinmanufacturingDeviceMicrosystems integrationMicrofabricationNanomanipulation 15. FromScienceFictiontoNonsense to RealNanotechnology 16. Makingreallyreallysmallstuff 17. NanomanoSajica Let'smakesomenoise! 18. VivelaResistance onOscillators,electronicCircuitsandResistors orisitaNanoSensor? 19. VivelaResistanceakaNanomanoSajica Dr.MarcR.Dusseillerakadusjagr&UrsGaudenz SwissMechatronicArtSociety 20. Letsstartsoldering! 21.