education and youth employment

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  • 7/30/2019 Education and Youth Employment

    1/5

    DEBUNKING SOME MYTHS

    ABOUT THE

    URBAN ADVANTAGE

    CHUAH PEI JIN

    PETRA LEONG

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    INTRA-CITY INEQUALITIES IN ACCESS TOEDUCATION

    People think that issues affecting children and youth connectedto living in rural areas and not cities. However not all benefit fromthe urban advantage as the data collected shown.

    Urban advantage>>easy access to education, health care andemployment

    Causes of social inequality in basic education: Poverty cost of education, even some country free

    education but still need but books uniform

    Shortage of school facilities some slum areas schools notbig enough to accommodate number of children in the area

    unsafe school environment discrimination against girls

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    GENDER GAP IN URBAN EDUCATION

    Reasons girls get lesser chance in education/ dropout of school in slum areas:

    Lack of finances -parents cant afford to educateall the children so the boys normally get the

    priority. Girls stay at the slum area helping out thefamily while boys go back to rural area to beeducated (coz rural area cheaper)

    Early marriage and pregnancy

    Domestic work -help to take care of the houseand children because parents need to earn a living

    Poor performance -always have to skip classes

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    YOUTH EMPLOYED IN INFORMAL SECTION

    Not enough work in formal sector so the informalsector grow

    Most of the youth involved in the informal sector liveis slum

    Its also hard for youth from slums to get work informal sector cause of the lack of education andsome employer discriminate people living in certainareas(slums)

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    Gender differences in employmentYoung people from the slum tend to start afamily (married) early. Thus the girls havefamily responsibilities while the man will go outto earn money. The number of married youngpeople in slums are double those in non-slum

    areas.Consequence of youth unemployment Cause them to entre a cycle of property

    They become frustrated and may feedpolitical and ideological unrest and provokeviolence. Like in the article Immigrants inParis: Dreams Go Up in flames

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