Energy Statistics of Thailand 2013

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<ul><li><p> (.) </p><p> . </p><p> 1 </p><p> CD </p><p>(.. 1988 .. 2012) </p><p> (CO2) </p><p>. 2556 </p><p>I 2556 </p></li><li><p>The Energy Policy and Planning Office (EPPO) is a pivotal agency </p><p>under the Ministry of Energy, being tasked with the development of </p><p>national energy policies and planning, including measures to manage </p><p>and administer the energy sector, with due consideration of economic </p><p>and social development, concurrently with environmental protection. </p><p>In order to undertake the mentioned tasks, it is crucial to acquire substantial </p><p>information and data for analysis and development of recommendation </p><p>on energy issues to be presented to the management. As a consequence </p><p>of this, EPPO has published a report on energy statistics of Thailand with </p><p>a view to following up continuously national energy situations.</p><p>This report on energy statistics of Thailand is issued annually, with </p><p>the first one issued in 2010, to be another channel to provide energy </p><p>information via printed matters and in the form of CD, which is expected </p><p>to promptly and efficiently respond to the users needs. After EPPOs first </p><p>publication and dissemination of the report, there has been favorable </p><p>response and feedback from concerned agencies/organizations, both </p><p>domestic and overseas. Therefore, the second issue of such a report </p><p>is consecutively prepared by EPPO this year, with data collection from </p><p>the past up to the present (1988-2012), covering all aspects of energy, </p><p>i.e. production, consumption, import, export, prices and nominal value of </p><p>energy, including the information about carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from </p><p>the use of energy. The mentioned information/data has much contributed </p><p>to energy management of the country, particularly in support of decision </p><p>making of the management based on close follow-ups on energy situation </p><p>movements, and to the analysis of energy trends to assess the impact </p><p>which may occur from energy use. The analysis outcome will form the </p><p>basis for the development of recommendations on the energy policy and </p><p>management plan as well as the energy development plan of the country.</p><p>EPPO Hopefully the Energy Statistics of Thailand 2013 is useful to </p><p>organizations and people that are interested in general to bring information </p><p>to use in education, research, analysis and reference. That will lead to the </p><p>development of the countrys energy.</p><p>Energy Statistics of Thailand 2013 Energy Policy and Planning Office II</p><p>Introduction</p></li><li><p>ContentsIntroduction I</p><p>CHAPTER 1 : ENERGY SITUATION IN 2012 91.1 Primary Energy Table 1.1-1 : Production, Consumption and Import (Net) of Primary 22 Commercial Energy (BBL/Day Crude Oil Equivalent) Table 1.1-1Y : Production, Consumption and Import (Net) of Primary 23 Commercial Energy (BBL/Day Crude Oil Equivalent) Table 1.1-2Y : Primary Commercial Energy Production (Physical Unit) 25 Table 1.1-3Y : Primary Commercial Energy Production (KTOE) 26 Table 1.1-4Y : Primary Commercial Energy Import (Net) (Physical Unit) 27 Table 1.1-5Y : Primary Commercial Energy Import (Net) (KTOE) 28 Table 1.1-6Y : Primary Commercial Energy Consumption (Physical Unit) 29 Table 1.1-7Y : Primary Commercial Energy Consumption (KTOE) 301.2 Final Energy Table 1.2-1Y : Final Modern Energy Consumption (Physical Unit) 31 Table 1.2-2Y : Final Modern Energy Consumption (KTOE) 321.3 Energy Reserves Table 1.3-1 : Energy Reserves 33CHAPTER 2 : OIL 342.1 Crude Oil/Condensate 2.1.1 Production Table 2.1.1-1Y : Production of Crude Oil 42 Table 2.1.1-2Y : Production of Condensate 43 2.1.2 Import Table 2.1.2-1Y : Import of Crude Oil Classified by Sources 44 Table 2.1.2-2Y : Quantity and Value of Petroleum Products Import 45 2.1.3 Export Table 2.1-3-1Y : Quantity and Value of Petroleum Products Export 472.2 Refinery Table 2.2-1Y : Refining Capacity 49 Table 2.2-2Y : Material Intake by Refinery 502.3 Petroleum Products 2.3.1 Production Table 2.3.1-1Y : Production of Petroleum Products (Million Litres) 51 Table 2.3.1-2Y : Production of Petroleum Products (Barrels/Day) 52 2.3.2 Consumption/Sale Table 2.3.2-1Y : Sale of Petroleum Products (Million Litres) 53 Table 2.3.2-2Y : Sale of Petroleum Products (Barrels/Day) 54 2.3.3 Import Table 2.3.3-1Y : Import of Petroleum Products (Million Litres) 55 Table 2.3.3-2Y : Import of Petroleum Products (Barrels/Day) 56 2.3.4 Export Table 2.3.4-1Y : Export of Petroleum Products (Million Litres) 57 Table 2.3.4-2Y : Export of Petroleum Products (Barrels/Day) 582.4 Demand and Supply Table 2.4-1Y : Demand and Supply of Crude Oil and Oil Products 59 Table 2.4-2Y : Demand and Supply of LPG, Propane and Butane 60CHAPTER 3 : NATURAL GAS 623.1 Production/Import Table 3.1-1Y : Production and Import of Natural Gas 683.2 Consumption/Sale Table 3.2-1Y : Distribution of NGL 69 Table 3.2-2Y : Consumption of Natural Gas by Sector 70 Table 3.2-3Y : Consumption Share of Natural Gas by Sector 71 Table 3.2-4 : Consumption of Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) 72</p><p>III 2556 </p></li><li><p>CHAPTER 4 : LIGNITE/COAL 744.1 Production/Consumption Table 4.1-1Y : Production and Consumption of Lignite 80 Table 4.1-2Y : Consumption of Lignite and Coal Classified by Sector (1,000 Tons) 81 Table 4.1-3Y : Consumption of Lignite and Coal Classified by Sector (KTOE) 824.2 Import Table 4.2-1Y : Coal Import 83CHAPTER 5 : ELECTRICITY 865.1 Generation Table 5.1-1Y : Electricity Generation by Fuel Type 96 Table 5.1-2Y : Power Generation Classified by Fuel Type 97 Table 5.1-3Y : Peak Generation Requirement, Energy Generation Requirement and Load Factor 98 Table 5.1-4Y : EGAT Purchased from SPP 99 Table 5.1-5Y : EGAT Purchased from IPP 995.2 Consumption/Sale Table 5.2-1Y : Electricity Consumption in MEA Service Areas (Classified by Tariff) 100 Table 5.2-2Y : Electricity Consumption in PEA Service Areas (Classified by Tariff) 101 Table 5.2-3Y : Electricity Consumption for the Whole Country (Classified by Tariff) 102 Table 5.2-4Y : Electricity Consumption in MEA Service Areas (Classified by Sector) 103 Table 5.2-5Y : Electricity Consumption in PEA Service Areas (Classified by Sector) 104 Table 5.2-6Y : Electricity Consumption for the Whole Country (Classified by Sector) 1055.3 Fuel Consumption Table 5.3-1Y EGAT Fuel Consumption in Power Generation 106CHAPTER 6 : ENERGY VALUE 108 Table 6.1-1Y : Expenditure on Final Energy Consumption 114 Table 6.1-2Y : Expenditure on Petroleum Product Consumption 115 Table 6.1-3Y : Value of Energy Import 116 Table 6.1-4Y : Value of Energy Export 117CHAPTER 7 : ENERGY AND ECONOMICS 1187.1 Economics Data Table 7.1-1 : GDP at Constant 1988 Prices 128 Table 7.1-2 : Population 130 Table 7.1-3 : Industrial Index 131 Table 7.1-4 : Industrial Capacity Utilization Ratios 132 Table 7.1-5 : Sale of Vehicles 133 Table 7.1-6 : GDP, Energy, Import and Export of Goods 1347.2 Analysis Table 7.2.1 : Final Energy Consumption per Capita 136 Table 7.2.2 : Electricity Consumption per Capita 139CHAPTER 8 : PETROLEUM PRICES 142 Table 8.1-1 : Rates of Exchange in Bangkok 148 Table 8.1-2Y : Ex-Refinery Prices of Petroleum Products in Thailand 150 Table 8.1-3Y : Oil Fund Levied on Petroleum Products in Thailand 151 Table 8.1-4 : Wholesale Prices of Petroleum Products at Refinery in Thailand 152 Table 8.1-5Y : Retail Prices of Petroleum Products in Bangkok 157 Table 8.1-6 : Tax and Oil Fund Revenue in Thailand 158CHAPTER 9 : AIR POLLUTION EMISSION IN THE ENERGY SECTOR 160 Table 9.1-1Y : CO</p><p>2 Emission by Energy Type 172</p><p> Table 9.1-2Y : CO2 Emission from Energy Consumption by Sector 173</p><p> Table 9.1-3Y : CO2 Emission in Power Generation by Energy Type 174</p><p> Table 9.1-4Y : CO2 Emission in Transport by Energy Type 175</p><p> Table 9.1-5Y : CO2 Emission in Industry by Energy Type 176</p><p> Table 9.1-6Y : CO2 Emission in Other Economic Sectors by Energy Type 177</p><p> Table 9.1-7Y : CO2 Emission by Sector and Energy Type 178</p><p>Energy Statistics of Thailand 2013 Energy Policy and Planning Office IV</p></li><li><p>Appendix 181Appendix I Monthly Data 181CHAPTER 1 : ENERGY SITUATION IN 2012 1821.1 Primary Energy Table 1.1-1M : Primary Commercial Energy Production (Physical Unit) 183 Table 1.1-2M : Primary Commercial Energy Production (KTOE) 186 Table 1.1-3M : Primary Commercial Energy Import (Net) (Physical Unit) 189 Table 1.1-4M : Primary Commercial Energy Import (Net) (KTOE) 192 Table 1.1-5M : Primary Commercial Energy Consumption (Physical Unit) 195 Table 1.1-6M : Primary Commercial Energy Consumption (KTOE) 1971.2 Final Energy Table 1.2-1M : Final Modern Energy Consumption (Physical Unit) 199 Table 1.2-2M : Final Modern Energy Consumption (KTOE) 202CHAPTER 2 : OIL 2052.1 Crude Oil/Condensate 2.1.1 Production Table 2.1.1-1M : Production of Crude Oil 206 Table 2.1.1-2M : Production of Condensate 209 2.1.2 Imports Table 2.1.2-1M : Import of Crude Oil Classified by Sources 2122.2 Refinery Table 2.2-1M : Material Intake by Refinery 2132.3 Petroleum Products 2.3.1 Production Table 2.3.1-1M : Production of Petroleum Products (Million Litres) 216 Table 2.3.1-2M : Production of Petroleum Products (Barrels/Day) 219 2.3.2 Consumption/Sale Table 2.3.2-1M : Sale of Petroleum Products (Million Litres) 222 Table 2.3.2-2M : Sale of Petroleum Products (Barrels/Day) 225 2.3.3 Import Table 2.3.3-1M : Import of Petroleum Products (Million Litres) 228 Table 2.3.3-2M : Import of Petroleum Products (Barrels/Day) 231 2.3.4 Export Table 2.3.4-1M : Export of Petroleum Products (Million Litres) 234 Table 2.3.4-2M : Export of Petroleum Products (Barrels/Day) 2372.4 Demand and Supply Table 2.4-1M : Demand and Supply of Crude Oil and Oil Products 240 Table 2.4-2M : Demand and Supply of LPG, Propane and Butane 243CHAPTER 3 : NATURAL GAS 2463.1 Production/Import Table 3.1-1M : Production and Import of Natural Gas 2473.2 Consumption/Sale Table 3.2-1M : Distribution of NGL 250 Table 3.2-2M : Consumption of Natural Gas by Sector 253 Table 3.2-3M : Consumption Share of Natural Gas by Sector 256CHAPTER 4 : LIGNITE/COAL 2594.1 Production/Consumption Table 4.1-1M : Production and Consumption of Lignite 2604.2 Import Table 4.2-1M : Coal Import 263</p><p>V 2556 </p></li><li><p>CHAPTER 5 : ELECTRICITY 2645.1 Generation Table 5.1-1M : Electricity Generation by Fuel Type 265 Table 5.1-2M : Electricity Generation Classified by Fuel Type 268 Table 5.1-3M : Peak Generation Requirement, Energy Generation Requirement and Load Factor 271 Table 5.1-4M : EGAT Purchased from SPP 273 Table 5.1-5M : EGAT Purchased from IPP 2755.2 Consumption/Sale Table 5.2-1M : Electricity Consumption in MEA Service Areas (Classified by Tariff) 277 Table 5.2-2M : Electricity Consumption in PEA Service Areas (Classified by Tariff) 280 Table 5.2-3M : Electricity Consumption for the Whole Country (Classified by Tariff) 283 Table 5.2-4M : Electricity Consumption in MEA Service Areas (Classified by Sector) 286 Table 5.2-5M : Electricity Consumption in PEA Service Areas (Classified by Sector) 289 Table 5.2-6M : Electricity Consumption for the Whole Country (Classified by Sector) 2925.3 Fuel Consumption Table 5.3-1M : EGAT Fuel Consumption in Power Generation 2955.4 Import and Export Table 5.4-1M : Import of Electricity 296 Table 5.4-2M : Export of Electricity 297CHAPTER 6 : ENERGY VALUE 298 Table 6.1-1M : Expenditure on Final Energy Consumption 299 Table 6.1-2M : Expenditure on Petroleum Products Consumption 301 Table 6.1-3M : Value of Energy Import 303 Table 6.1-4M : Value of Energy Export 305CHAPTER 7 : PETROLEUM PRICES 307 Table 7.1-1M : Ex-Refinery Prices of Petroleum Products in Thailand 308 Table 7.1-2M : Oil Fund Levied on Petroleum Products in Thailand 310 Table 7.1-3M : Retail Prices of Petroleum Products in Bangkok 312CHAPTER 8 : AIR POLLUTION EMISSION IN THE ENERGY SECTOR 317 Table 8.1-1M : CO</p><p>2 Emission by Energy Type 318</p><p> Table 8.1-2M : CO2 Emission from Energy Consumption by Sector 320</p><p> Table 8.1-3M : CO2 Emission in Power Generation by Energy Type 322</p><p> Table 8.1-4M : CO2 Emission in Transport by Energy Type 324</p><p> Table 8.1-5M : CO2 Emission in Industry by Energy Type 326</p><p> Table 8.1-6M : CO2 Emission in Other Economics Sectors by Energy Type 328</p><p>Appendix II Conversion Factors and Abbreviations Conversion Factors 332 Abbreviation 334</p><p>*Note : M = Monthly Y = Yearly</p><p>Energy Statistics of Thailand 2013 Energy Policy and Planning Office VI</p></li><li><p>Energy Overview 2012</p><p>OWN USE &amp; LOSS(19%)</p><p>NON-ENERGY USE(17%)</p><p>FINAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION(64%)</p><p> OIL (37%)</p><p> NATURAL GAS (44%)</p><p> COAL (11%)</p><p> LIGNITE (5%) HYDRO/IMPORTED ELECTRICITY (3%)</p><p> NAPHTHA (30%)</p><p> CONDENSATE (32%)</p><p> NGL &amp; OTHERS (14%)</p><p> LPG &amp; OTHERS (17%)</p><p> ASPHALT (7%)</p><p> PETROLEUM PRODUCTS </p><p>(54%)</p><p> ELECTRICITY (22%)</p><p> NATURAL GAS (13%)</p><p> COAL/LIGNITE (11%)</p><p>IMPORT (59%) EXPORT (12%)</p><p> PETROLEUM PRODUCTS (85%)</p><p>DOMESTIC PRODUCTION PRIMARY ENERGY (47%)</p><p>STOCK CHANGE (-6%)</p><p> NATURAL GAS (66%)</p><p> CRUDE OIL (14%)</p><p> LIGNITE (10%)</p><p> CONDENSATE (7%)</p><p> HYDRO (3%)</p><p> CRUDE OIL (63%)</p><p> NATURAL GAS (13%)</p><p> COAL (17%) PETROLEUM PRODUCTS (6%)</p><p> ELECTRICITY (1%)</p><p>CRUDE OIL (15%)</p><p>1 2 3 4</p><p>TOTAL PRIMARY ENERGY SUPPLY(100%)</p><p>= + - +5 1 2 3 4</p></li><li><p>10 2556 </p><p>1</p><p> 255</p><p>5</p><p>Ener</p><p>gy S</p><p>ituat</p><p>ion </p><p>in 2</p><p>012</p><p>1</p><p> 255</p><p>5</p><p> 2555 </p><p> (.) </p><p> 2555 6.5 </p><p> 2555 6.8 1,981 </p><p> 45 9.6 </p><p> 36 5.2 </p><p>12.4 / 3.0 </p><p> 12.6 </p><p> 6.2 1,082 </p><p> () 6.0 1,079 </p><p> 2555</p><p> 1,663 1,783 1,855 1,981 7.2 4.0 6.8</p><p> 643 652 674 709 1.5 3.3 5.2</p><p> 682 784 810 888 15.0 3.3 9.6 </p><p> 205 211 204 230 3.2 -3.4 12.4 </p><p> 98 99 112 98 0.7 13.9 -12.6 </p><p> / 35 36 54 55 2.8 48.5 3.0 </p><p> 895 989 1,018 1,082 10.6 2.9 6.2 </p><p>() 922 1,001 1,018 1,079 8.5 1.7 6.0 </p><p>/(%) 55 56 55 54</p><p>GDP(%) 7.8 0.1 6.5</p><p> : /</p><p>2552 2553 2554 2555</p><p> (%)</p><p> 2553 2554 2555</p><p>1</p></li><li><p>Energy Statistics of Thailand 2013 Energy Policy and Planning Office 11</p><p>1</p><p> 2</p><p>555</p><p>Ener</p><p>gy S</p><p>ituat</p><p>ion </p><p>in 2</p><p>012</p><p>Energy Situation in 20121</p><p>Chapter</p><p>Ener</p><p>gy S</p><p>ituat</p><p>ion </p><p>in 2</p><p>012</p><p>In 2012, Thailands energy consumption had a robust growth rate more than a usual. There </p><p>probably were several reasons to drive such consumption. Thailands GDP growth rate in 2012, by </p><p>the National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB), rebounded to grow 6.5% from the </p><p>previous year almost of no growth. According to NESDB, the economic growth in 2012 was driven </p><p>by domestic demand; household consumption, government expenditure and private investment. </p><p>Government policies, especially a rise in minimum-wage rate and a tax refund from the first car policy, </p><p>impacted a boost in the household consumption. From government side, the expenditure met its target </p><p>during 2012 fiscal year, and private investment increased in 2012.</p><p>Consumption, Production and Import of Primary Commercial Energy</p><p>The total primary energy consumption in 2012 increased with robust rate by 6.8% year on year, </p><p>being at a level of 1,981 thousand barrels per day (KBD) of crude oil equivalent. Natural gas accounted </p><p>for the largest share of the consumption, i.e. 45%, accounting for an increase of 9.6%. Oil consumption </p><p>was the second largest, holding a share of 36%, or an increase of 5.2%. The consumption of imported </p><p>coal increased by 12.4%, but...</p></li></ul>