experiment no 5
Post on 23-Feb-2016
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DESCRIPTIONExperiment No 5. Estimation of viability of embryo by Quick test and to determine effect of heat on enzyme activity. Overview. 1. 2. Experiment. Material and Chemicals. Introduction. Procedure. Observations. 3. 4. 5. Introduction. Enzyme. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Experiment No 5 Estimation of viability of embryo by Quick test and to determine effect of heat on enzyme activity5
Material and Chemicals
EnzymeEnzymes are large biological molecules responsible for the thousands of chemical inter conversions that sustain life.Nature of Enzymes
Specificity of Enzyme
Structure of Enzymes
Mechanism of ActionRole of Enzymes in plant growth
Effect of heat on Enzymes
Reactions without Enzymes
Germination percentage is a good measure of seed quality.
One disadvantage of conventional germination tests is that they require a waiting period of two weeks or more.
The Tetrazolium test is a quick chemical test that can be conducted in a short period of time with minimal equipment. Tetrazolium Test : Quick testInitially the Tetrazolium solution is colorless but changes to red when it comes into contact with hydrogen, derived from enzymes in the respiration process.
Embryos showing active respiration are considered "viable" and turn red.
The darker the color the greater the respiratory activity in the seed.
Light pink color indicates a seed with reduced viability when compared to a seed that stains dark red. Experiment
Apparatus and ChemicalsBeakersBurnerSoya bean seedPotatoForcepsTetrazolium
ProcedureDissolve 1 gram of Tetrazolium in 20 ml of distilled water.
Take the Potato slices in two beakers. In which one are boiled and other have un boiled potatoes.
Add Tetrazolium solution in them.
The un boiled potato will show reddish color while no reaction occur in boiled potato slices.
Observe change in color due to reaction of tetrazolium.
In order to observe presence of enzyme in seeds, soak the soya bean seeds in water for one hour.
Cut it into two equal halves, so that embryo can become visible.
Boil some soya bean seeds and cut into two equal halves.
Put the seeds into separate test tubes and add tetrazolium solution
Observe change in color of seed.
ObservationHeat effects embryo, which ultimately effects enzyme and tetrazolium does not show reddish color after reaction.
Viable seedsNon -viable seeds12
A- Classification of viable and non viable seeds by Tetrazolium test: 1-6(Viable) ,7-16 (Non viable)B- Mature embryoAB