DESCRIPTIONFabulous Bestiary. From N to Z. Shawna Sweeney Compiler; Designer Sandy Sprague Editor; Presenter Kimberly Yennaco Editor; Presenter Shelby Mackay Researcher, Nyx Paris Beckett Researcher, Ogre William Sheehan Researcher, Phoenix Mike Hughes Researcher, Rakshasa - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
FABULOUS BESTIARYFrom N to Z
DesignerSandy SpragueEditor; Presenter
Kimberly YennacoEditor; Presenter
Shelby MackayResearcher, Nyx
Paris BeckettResearcher, Ogre
Phoenix Mike HughesResearcher,
NYXNyx was the Greek goddess of Night and one of the first born Protogenoi, or elemental gods. They were the primeval gods of Greek mythology and the basic components of the universe at Creation.
Some of the others were Earth, Air, Sea, Sky, Fresh Water, Underworld, Darkness, Night, Light, Day, Procreation and Time.
NOXShe produced Light and Day by breeding with Darkness
A dark veil of mist surrounded her and she was portrayed as a winged goddess or charioteer with a crown of mist
“That time I laid to sleep the brain in Zeus of the aegis and drifted upon him still and soft, but your mind was devising evil, and you raised along the sea the blasts of the racking winds, and on these swept him away to Kos, the strong-founded, with all his friends lost, but Zeus awakened in anger and beat the gods up and down his house, looking beyond all others for me, and would have sunk me out of sight in the sea from the bright sky had not Nyx (Night) who has power over gods and men rescued me. I reached her in my flight, and Zeus let be, though he was angry, in awe of doing anything to swift Nyx' displeasure.” (Homer, The Illiad)
• Hera had asked Hypnos (minor god of sleep) to put Zeus to sleep so she could “cause Hercules misfortune.” Zeus didn’t punish him because Hypnos ran to his mother, Nyx, for help.
Ogre is a French word derived from the Italian ‘orco’ meaning ‘demon.’ Used mostly to describe Hungarians, these beasts have an oversized head, lots of hair, a beard, and a muscular body.
They had a large appetite and were known for eating humans. For example, Polyphemus, the Cyclops in The Odyssey.
It is unknown where the origin of the ogre is because there are myths in many places such as the Netherlands and Spain, which have similar mythological creatures.
PUSS IN BOOTSFA M O U S S T O R Y O F A C AT O U T W I T T I N G A
S H A P E S H I F T I N G O G R E I N O R D E R T O S A V E T H E P R I N C E S S
AKA-ONI A J A PA N E S E R E D O G R E W H O
VA N Q U I S H E S D E M O N S
Mythological Fire Bird who is rarely seen and has a beautiful singing voice
Found in many ancient cultures
Symbolizes rebirth, renewal, immortality, purity, and distinctiveness
Responsible for the phrase “Rise from the ashes”
It is believed a Phoenix can live for 500 years before it burns itself to ashes, which another phoenix is born from
In The Order of the Phoenix, the Phoenix’s song is said to, “strike fear into the hearts of the impure and courage into those who
are pure of heart.”
“From the body of the parent bird, a young Phoenix issues forth, destined to live as long a life as its predecessor” – Roman poet, Ovid
“My ashes, as the phoenix, may bring forth / A bird that will revenge upon you all.” – William Shakespeare, 3 Henry VI (1.4.35-8)
RAKSHASAI T ’ S N O T A VA M P I R E . OR I S I T ?
Many eastern cultures have words that derive from “Rakshasa.” It commonly means giant, glutton, or monster.
Rakshasas are shape-shifting Hindu demons who haunt cemeteries, disturb sacrifices, harass devout men, animate dead bodies, devour human beings, and vex and afflict mankind in all sorts of ways. They are often associated with magic and are considered “illusionists” due to their ability to change shape at will.
RAKSHASAThese are huge, fierce-looking , ugly humanoids. They’re usually black as soot and have two fangs protruding from their mouth like a vampire. They have claw-like nails and are depicted as ravenous cannibals who can smell animal, men or flesh. Some more ferocious ones are shown with flaming red eyes and flaming hair, drinking blood with their palms or from a human skull. According to these stories, they have the power to fly, vanish and increase or decrease their size, and transform into any animal, human or other thing at their will.
RAVANA AND THE RAMAYANA
According to the Ramayana, a Sanskrit epic, Rakshasas were created from Brahma’s foot. Ravanna is a Rakshasa antagonist who kidnaps the protagonist’s wife, Sita, to avenge his sister Surpanakha, whose nose was cut off by Rama and his brother Lakshmana
The sphinx has the head of a woman, which represents the intellect of women,
The body of a lion, symbolizing the strength of a man,
The wings of an eagle, which stand for unity; body & mind
And the serpent-headed tail, which shows that it is tricky & clever
SPHINX APPEARANCE AND SYMBOLISM
SPHINX IN EGYPT
The sphinx’s purpose was to inflict pain on Thebes
She was a monster sent by the Gods to consume all who could not solve her riddle.
Ancient Egyptians built the Great Sphinx of Giza outside the pyramid of Khafre to scare or trap evil gods hoping to help their Pharaoh reach the afterlife
The earliest Accounts of these magical animals dates back to Ancient Greece, about 800 B.C., and Asia, 2700 B.C.
They are peaceful creatures who try to avoid contact with humans
They prefer to remain hidden
When encountered, they do not harm humans
Unicorns can cure illnesses and neutralize poison
Loving purity and innocence, they can be tamed by a virgin
Unicorns are well known for their white coats but some early authors and artists described them as yellowish red or even brownThey usually have a horse's body, often with cloven hooves like a goat. Sometimes the entire body looks like a goat's. They have a long, white spiraled horn on their forehead. Early Greek naturalists described a shorter, blunter horn colored red, black and white. They also have a goat’s beard and the tail of a lion, horse, goat or boar
N UNICORN TALE
Once upon a time, a hunter in the forest saw a brilliant white unicorn in the distance, emerging from a river and gleaming like the moon. Enchanted by the sight, the hunter called together his friends and gave chase. But the unicorn knew that men could never catch him, so he playfully waited for the hunters to draw close before bounding out of view. After a while, the unicorn came to a stop in front of a beautiful young maiden sitting under a tree. She reached out, combed his curling mane and rubbed his horn until he lay his head in her lap. But it was a trap! Looking up at the maiden, the unicorn saw her brown eyes were filled with tears and realized her deceit too late—the dogs and men suddenly seized him and carried him away. Afterward, the maiden remained in the woods, despondent. As she leaned down to wash away her tears in the stream, a movement in the distance caught her eye: she couldn't be sure, but she thought it was the shining horn of a unicorn disappearing into the night.
UNICORNS IN THE EAST
Described as a creature of great power and wisdom.
Always benevolent, it avoids fighting at all costs
Walks so softly it will not crush a blade of grass.
Much like its European cousin, the Asian unicorn enjoys its
solitude and cannot be captured.
It’s rare appearances are omens, celebrating a just and wise
According to legend, the Chinese philosopher Confucius was
the last person ever to see an Asian unicorn.
Called a Kirin in Japan, "giraffe" in modern Japanese
FEATURES OF AN ASIAN UNICORN
They had a scaly coat, multicolored in blue, black, red, white and yellow
A deer's body
A flesh-covered horn, or sometimes two or even three horns
And the tail of an ox
Thousands of years ago, the sage Fu Hsi was sitting by a river when he was splashed with water. Raising his eyes, he saw the unicorn, which the Chinese call the qilin ("chee-lin"), wading carefully through the river. The animal resembled a deer but had shining scales like a dragon. A single horn grew from its forehead. Its back was covered with strange signs and magic symbols. As the qilin walked away, Fu Hsi grabbed a stick and traced the symbols as best he could in the dirt. These drawings were the qilin's gift to China-from them would evolve the characters of the first written language.
An Asian Tale