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FAMILY AND COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT Why be involved Power of parental involvement Barriers to participation What engagement looks like Building capacity Liz Roper, Project Director

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Post on 27-Mar-2015




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FAMILY AND COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT Why be involved Power of parental involvement Barriers to participation What engagement looks like Building capacity Liz Roper, Project Director Slide 2 Why Family And Community Engagement? When schools and families work together in a collaborative partnership, students receive the message that school is important. Factors To Be Aware Of: Many low income families experience social stress hindering psychological and social development that children need in order to function successfully in school Country becoming culturally diverse Global workforce competition Slide 3 Diversity- NATIONAL CURRENT TRENDS Population increase 2007 74 million children under age 18 2020 80 million children under age 18 expected Under age 18 living with two married parents 1980 77% 2007 68% Ethnic population 2007 Asian 4%, Black 15%, White 57%, Hispanic 21% 2020 1:4 in US Hispanic US Children of immigrant families 1995 15% live in families where 1 parent is foreign born 2007 22% live in families where 1 parent is foreign born Language at home 1979 8.5% children age 5-17 speak language other than English 2006 20.3% children age 5-17 speak language other than English Slide 4 Diversity- NATIONAL CURRENT TRENDS Births to unwed mothers 1960 5% of all births 2005 37% of all births: Blacks 70%, Hispanics, 48%, Whites 25% 2006 17% children in poverty By ethnicity- Black 33%, Hispanic 27%, White 10% By family structure- female headed home 42%, married couple 8% 2006 parents self reporting indicate that 5% ages 4-17 suffer from emotional/behavioral difficulties 84% of these parents have sought professional help Autism 1970 1 in 2,500 2007 1 in 150 for US children age 8 ADHD 1997-2003 6% diagnosed &1:10 were males age 3-17 2004 males were more than 2 times as likely than females to be diagnosed Slide 5 Diversity- NATIONAL CURRENT TRENDS Number of children receiving special education services 1977 3.7 million 2007 6.7 million Children watching TV one hour or less per day 8 th graders 12 th graders 1991 20% 1991 38% 2006 29% 2006 45% Children watching TV 4 or more hours per day by ethnic group 8 th graders 12 th graders 57% Blacks 37% Blacks 20% Whites 13% Whites Internet use by ages 12-17 2000 73% 2007 93% Slide 6 Workforce Readiness Conservative figures, roughly 30% of US students are not graduating from high school Tennessee ranks #36 nationally. The USA is no longer only competing within our own states. Many Americans are not aware of global competition. China, India, Ghana, & Mexicos educational levels are rising. In mathematics the USA fell from 15 to 25 th place globally. Currently 2/3 of all American jobs require at least 1 college degree. Diploma to Nowhere: Report from Strong American Schools 2008 examines the psychological student impact and high cost to taxpayers ($2.5 billion annually) for 1/3 of college students to be in remedial courses Slide 7 Why Family Engagement? Students achieve more when families are engaged and have high expectations for their children. Studies Show: Improvement of student attitudes and behaviors Increased student attendance Higher homework completion Higher grades and test scores Fewer placement in special education Decreased drop-out rate Higher graduation rate Greater enrollment in post secondary education Positive parent child communication Slide 8 Importance of Family-School Relationship National PTA standards for parent and family involvement emphasizes: Regular, two way, and meaningful communication between home and school Promoting and supporting parenting skills Parents playing integral role in assisting student learning Genuine partnership between school and home is possible only when both partners have rich and frequent communication and when all parties are committed to forming lasting and effective partnerships including students. So why dont all parents participate? Time, cultural difference, socioeconomic status, and changing family structures Families cant be involved if teachers and leadership dont see family involvement as their responsibility. Educator training needs Slide 9 Barriers Specific To High School Students National study shows 50% drop off in family involvement in high school compared to elementary school Why? Rigor and level of academic work changes parents beliefs to their ability to help their children Emergence of adolescence suppresses overt parental involvement Schools more compartmentalized and harder to communicate to many teachers versus one primary teacher Larger attendance areas create transportation and proximity challenges that discourage family involvement, less intimacy Secondary parents shift responsibility of childs education to the schools Schools vary in the quantity and quality of family involvement Some schools set narrow parameters for controlled family participation Slide 10 Family Partnership Programs Address parental needs Identify and address the unique needs of families: working parents- times/ways available, English language Learners-translators & translated materials, parents of special needs children, homeless Proximity to school- transportation issues Times available for involvement How do parents want to be involved? Volunteer / at home Leadership capacity Community business resource What kinds of knowledge do parents want? Developmental stages of children Curriculum standards / assessments / homework resources Post secondary completing financial aid packets Orientation training- procedures/ expectations for schools new to parents Parent training - computer / English classes / GED / How to work with their children at home / goal setting Parenting skills / behavior management / how to advocate for their children How do parents prefer to give and receive this knowledge? Do variety methods-Surveys, electronically, etc, Slide 11 Meaningful Parent Involvement For Home In a positive home learning environment, the parent: Is aware of what the child is studying in school Reinforces homework Regularly communicates with teachers Advocates for child Reads together with child, models reading, encourages reading Focus on long-range goals Informed parent-child conversations- situations, activities, programs How To Accomplish This? Provide training and 2 way communication at schools and family resource centers Provide handouts, website, newsletter to parents, etc. to create a home learning environment Design homework to promote collaboration between student and parent Provide weekly assignment sheets for space for parent feedback Share information about school events and school policies Slide 12 Meaningful Parent and Community Involvement For Educators Professional development topics: Creating welcoming schools Building relationships Help schools understand children and families Tips on two way communication How to work with parents classroom, advisory & SIP committees Getting parents input Resources for families housing, health, transportation, food Creating community and business partnerships Marketing the school Slide 13 Family Partnership Programs Primary goal is centered on students to increase motivation, achievement, and success. Topics that parents and students identify should drive family partnerships in all schools. Partnerships built around and for students may fail if they arent included in the process How To Accomplish This? Gather family and student input- needs, desires, attitudes, opinions through surveys and meetings Provide the results, training, and training resources Slide 14 Community Partnerships Initiate business and community partnerships: Promote student achievement and success, and underlying needs through services and donated supplies Continue community support and information regularly Map community assets Building Communities from the Inside Out: A Path toward Finding and Mobilizing a Communitys Assets by Kretzman and McKnight 1 st identify communitys needs, deficiencies, problems 2 nd inventory communitys capacities and assets- individuals, associations, organizations that provide services to community to assist schools Slide 15 Community School Community schools go further to meet student needs and build social capital, increase opportunities and interactions within the community to support student learning Attributes of community schools: School is open to everyone- students, families, community before, during, and after the school day School is oriented toward the community and uses the community as a resource- students engage in academics and community problem solving and community service. Before and after school learning allows students to build on class experiences. Entire community supports the mission of the school- to educate all students. Schools turn to families, community partnerships to garner assets including health services Demands are lessened on school teachers as off campus programs strengthen high standards Schools promote decision making among staff, students, families, community Events are held that involve families and community members Slide 16 Evaluating Your Programs Five step process: 1. Awareness 2. Self-Assessment 3. Program Conceptualization and Development 4. Program Implementation 5. Evaluation and Sustaining Slide 17 Dr. Joyce Epsteins Six Types Of Parent Involvement 1 PARENTING: Assist families with parenting and child rearing skills, understanding child and adolescent development, and setting home conditions that support children as students at each age and grade level. Assist schools in understanding families. PRACTICES: Parent education and training (GED, college credit, family literacy, computer workshops, child development, language classes, cultural diversity Family support programs to assist families with health, nutrition, housing, safety Home conditions to support learning Parenting skills for all ages Information/activities to help schools understand children/families Home visits Workshops, websites Family Resource Centers Annual surveys for families to share information and concerns about childrens goals, strengths, talents Slide 18 Dr. Joyce Epsteins Six Types Of Parent Involvement 2 COMMUNICATING: Communicate with families about school programs and student progress through effective school to home and home to school communications. PRACTICES: Ongoing communication resources - email, website, telecommunications system, electronic language translation, student management software, brochures, newsletters Information on learning standards, tests, child progress reports, school performance, school programs, reading/math tips, homework tips, school open house, choose/change schools and activities Two way communication Folders of students works sent home weekly for parent review Annual surveys of families reactions to school programs and students needs Slide 19 Dr. Joyce Epsteins Six Types Of Parent Involvement 3 VOLUNTEERING: Improve recruitment, training, and schedules to involve families as volunteers and audiences in other locations to support students and school programs. PRACTICES: Include parent and community volunteers in the classroom, as reading and math mentors, coaches, monitors, lecturers, chaperones, in sports events, as language translators, and for fundraisers Enlist parents and community to mentor English Language Learners, special needs, new families Attend assemblies, performances, recognition/award ceremonies, celebrations Annual survey to identify interests, talents and availability of volunteers Class parents, telephone tree to provide families with information Parent /grandparents patrols to increase school safety Slide 20 Dr. Joyce Epsteins Six Types Of Parent Involvement 4 LEARNING AT HOME: Involve families with their children in learning activities at home, including homework and other curriculum-related activities and decisions. PRACTICES AT HOME: Read to your child every day and your child takes turns reading to you. Ask your child questions about the story and characters, predict the outcome. Homework hotline, place on homework sheet for parent comments Discussions about and monitoring homework Curriculum related decisions Required skills to pass each subject Interactive homework that requires students to demonstrate /discuss what they are learning Summer learning packets Setting academic goals /plan for college/work Slide 21 Dr. Joyce Epsteins Six Types Of Parent Involvement 5 DECISION MAKING: Include families as participants in school decisions and advocacy through, school councils, committees, action teams, and other parent organizations. PRACTICES: Parents participating on the School Improvement Committee, SIP goals, Parent Advisory, and Leadership Team, School Council, Action Team for Parnerships, PTO/PTA Design school strategies with parents for academic, attendance, and behaviors Use surveys to identify needs Parent training to become advocates Networks to link families with parent representatives Slide 22 Dr. Joyce Epsteins Six Types Of Parent Involvement 6 COLLABORATING WITH COMMUNITY: Coordinate resources and services for students, families, and the school with businesses, agencies, cultural and recreational groups, health services, faith based organizations, government and military agencies, and provide services to the community. PRACTICES: Provide information on community resources to help the child or family with academics, health, housing, food, clothing, employment, and counseling School business partnerships to attain school improvement goals Alumni participation for school programs One stop shopping for family services through partnerships of school, counseling, health, job training, recreation Community services-recycling projects, tutoring, music, etc. Slide 23 Resources Engaging All Families by Steven M. Constantino Working With Parents- Building Relationships for Student Success by Ruby K. Payne School, Family, and Community Partnerships-Your Handbook for Action by Joyce Epstein, Mavis Sanders, Beth Simon, Karen Salinas, Natalie Jansorn, & Frances Van Voorhis Tennessee Department of Education-Family and Community Engagement html Slide 24 CONTACT INFORMATION Liz Roper, Family & Community Engagement Project Director Office of Federal Programs Tennessee Department of Education [email protected] 615-253-0047