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Power point work for English class by students in Patumkongka School (TH)


  • 1. FrancePatumkongka School M.5/1

2. HistoryO In ancient times France was part of theCeltic territory known as Gaul or Gallia. Itspresent name is derived from the LatinFrancia, meaning "country of the Franks,"a Germanic people who conquered thearea during the 5th century, at the time ofthe fall of the Western Roman Empire. Itbecame a separate country in the 9thcentury 3. O Since the 17th century, France has played a major role in European and world events. In the 20th century, it has experienced numerous crises, including the devastation of two world wars, political and social upheavals, and the loss of a large empire in Indochina, Algeria, and West and Equatorial Africa. It has, however, survived and emerged from the ruins of World War II to become an important world supplier of agricultural and industrial products and a major partner in the EUROPEAN COMMUNITY (EC, or Common Market). 4. O Today, the term metropolitan France refers tothe mainland departments and CORSICA, alarge island located in the Mediterranean Seaoff the coast of Italy that has been a part ofFrance since 1768. France has six overseasdepartments: FRENCH GUIANA in SouthAmerica; GUADELOUPE and MARTINIQUEin the West Indies; MAYOTTE, an islandformerly part of the Comoros, located in theIndian Ocean; REUNION, an island in theIndian Ocean; and SAINT PIERRE ANDMIQUELON, islands off the east coast ofCanada. In addition, France has numeroussmall possessions called overseas territories.These include a group of widely scatteredislands in the South Pacific 5. O which are administered from Tahiti and are known collectively as FRENCH POLYNESIA; FRENCH SOUTHERN AND ANTARCTIC TERRITORIES; NEW CALEDONIA and WALLIS AND FUTUNA ISLANDS; and many small islands in the southern oceans, including the Kerguelen and Crozet archipelagos and the islands of St. Paul and Amsterdam (Indian Ocean). The overseas departments and territories are represented in the French National Assembly. 6. CultureO The culture of France has evolved throughvarious centuries, and what we see today, isthe amalgamation of the cultures of variousancient civilizations. These include theGreeks, Celtics, Romans, etc. The culture ofthis country is influenced by the neighboringcountries, and also by various historicalevents that took place. France has in turncontributed in the development of cultures ofother nations in the areas of fashion, modernart and cinema. 7. Arts and LiteratureO France is considered as the hub of arts andliteratureO The artistic side of the France can be seen inpaintings of the ancient as well as moderntimesO The artistic richness of France is exhibited invarious museums of France likeLouvre, Picasso and Osray Museum 8. Social CultureO The France are quite liberalO They are polite by nature and truly valuefriendships and relationshipsO People of France are quite stylish andfashionableO People in France share a strong culturalidentity 9. CuisineO France cheese and wines are popular all overthe worldO France cooking style and food has beenadopted by many Western countriesO The dishes and style of cooking are differentin different parts of the country 10. EconomyO France has the worlds fifth largesteconomy and second largest economy inEurope.After the turn of the century inFrance they wealth per adult grew verystrongy,in value between 2000 and 2007. 11. The sectors of the economy O France they have the industry,the energy,the agriculture,the tourism and theweapons industry. 12. The IndustryO France are telecommunications(including communication satellites),aerospace and defense,ship building(naval and specialist ships), pharmaceuticals,construction and civil engineering, chemicals,textiles, and automobilen production.Research and development spending is also high in France at 2.26% of GDP, the fourth highest in the OECD 13. The EnergyO France is the world-leading country innuclear energy.So,nuclear waste is storedon site at reprocessing facilities its is apower of country.France is the smallestemitter of carbon dioxide among theseven most industrialized countries in theworld. 14. (Energy continue)The Agriculture France is the worlds second largestagricultural exporter ,they are agricultural producer andEuropean Unions leading agricultural power, accountingfor about one-third of all agricultural land within the EU.Forexample the product is from the farmDairyproducts, pork, poultry, and apple production areconcentrated in the western region.They got received toomuch around 11 billion in EU subsidies. 15. The TourismO France is the worlds most popular touristdestination.France is home to cities ofmuch cultural interest (Paris being theforemost), beaches and seaside resorts,ski resorts, and rural regions that manyenjoy for their beauty and tranquillity.France also attracts many religiouspilgrims to Lourdes, a town in the Hautes-Pyrnes dpartement, which hostsseveral million visitors a year. 16. The Weapons industryO French arms industrys main customer,for whom they mainly build warships,guns,nuclear weapons and equipment.So,France is also the fourth largest weapons exporter in the world they is a manufacturers export great quantities of weaponry to many counties for example United Arab Emirates, Brazil, Greece, India, Pakistan, Taiwan, Singapore. 17. External tradeO France is the second-largest tradingnation in Europe (after Germany). Itsforeign trade balance for goods had beenin surplus.However, the French balance oftrade was hit by the economicdownturn, and went into the red.Tradewith European Union countries accountsfor 60% of French trade. 18. HolidayO The French enjoy 11 national joursferis (holidays) annually. The civic calendarwas first instituted in 1582; Bastille Day wasincorporated in 1789, Armistice Day in1918, Labor Day in 1935, and Victory Day in1945. During the month of May, there is aholiday nearly every week, so be prepared forstores, banks and museums to shut theirdoors for days at a time. It is a good idea tocall museums, restaurants and hotels inadvance to make sure they will be open. 19. O Trains and roads near major cities tend to getbusy around the national holidays. Notcoincidentally, this also happens to be thetime when service unions (such astransporters, railroad workers, etc.) like to goon strike something of a tradition, in fact.Travelers would do well to checkahead, particularly when planning a trip for thelast week of June or first week of July! 20. O There are also many regional festivalsthroughout France which are not included inour calendar. ViaFrance hosts an excellentsite which lists fairs and festivals, traditionalceremonies, as well as sportingevents, concerts, and trade shows for allregions throughout France. Use theinteractive search form below to choose aregion and range of dates for a listing ofspecial events, to help plan your itinerary. 21. O Under the law, every French citizen is entitledto 5 weeks of vacation. Most of the nativestake their summer vacations in July orAugust, and many major businesses are thenclosed. All of France takes to theroads, railroads, boats, and airways.Consequently, traveling in France duringAugust is generally not recommended forforeigners. 22. Public Holidays1 JanuaryNew Years Day (Jour de lan)1 MayLabor Day (Fte du premier mai)8 MayWWII Victory Day (Fte de la Victoire 1945; Fte du huitime mai)14 JulyBastille Day (Fte nationale)15 AugustAssumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary (Assomption)1 November All Saints Day (La Toussaint)11 NovemberArmistice Day (Jour darmistice)25 DecemberChristmas Day (Nol)26 December2nd Day of Christmas (in Alsace and Lorraine only) 23. ReferenceO History Culture Economy Holidays 24. OperatorO JinnawatPummanee(Jin) No.3O Natchanon Goyedul (John)No.7O Paktorn Rittichan(Ice)No.10O Sirawit Khamsomsri(Eek) No.17