french ebooks ala 2010
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- 1.French ebook acquisitions atthe University of Ottawa,CanadaTony HoravaAssociate University Librarian(Collections) ALA Annual June 26, 2010
2. University of Ottawa quick facts North Americas largest bilingual university Located in Ottawa, Canadas capital city One of Canadas top 10 research universities this year wewere admitted as the 125th member of ARL Students and faculty from 150 countries In Fall 2009 : 37,922 students enrolled 32,630 undergraduates 5,292 graduates 9 Faculties: Arts, Social Sciences, Science, Engineering, Law,Management, Education, Health Sciences and Medecine Four libraries ( Arts & Sciences, Health Sciences, Law,Management) 3. Key library statistics Acquisition budget: 14.6M (2010/11) Staff: 162 FTE (42 Librarians and 120 Supportstaff) Print journal subscriptions - 6,842 Print books (volume equivalent) 2,140,245 Ejournal subscriptions - 20,877 Ebooks 366,999 Research databases 528 Books acquired 2009-10: 44,457 About 20% of the library collection is in French;we prioritize French books. 4. French European ebooks at aglance* About 60,000 ebooks in French language available By way of contrast: there are about 66,500 print bookspublished each year in France (half of which are new titles),and about 620,000 books available in print. Ebooks represent 0.5% of revenue in the book industry In 2007, the Bibliotheque Nationale de la France, the CentreNationale du Livre and the Syndicat Nationale du Livreimplemented a digitization program 2.6M euros in funding About 23,000 books digitized; only a small number currentlyavailable. Why? Rights negotiations with authors are slow; consumer expectlower prices; small catalogue compared to print titles; DRMissues; no unified commercial platform; no tax exemption(compared to print books)*from Documentaliste Sciences de lInformation v. 47 (2) 2010 5. Challenges re French Europeanebooks Cultural practices and business models are differentfrom North America The print book is still king; long cultural tradition andprestige. Ebooks are sold by publishers to individuals for personaluse (eg. Via Gallica eleven publishers to date;approximately 25K titles available) Ebooks licensing to institutions are far behind thepractices in the journal industry, eg Cairn collection North American licensing models for ebooks havent hadany traction in France. Why? 6. Challenges re French Europeanebooks (2) Lack of standardization re ebook formats and distribution channels Publishers are afraid of losing control of their intellectual property andwould rather not use intermediaries (such as booksellers or agents) Conflict due to differences in copyright and intellectual propertyregimes - French copyright law is different from US or Canadianlegislation The successful lawsuit against Google by French publishers is a case inpoint cultural & political concerns Local hosting this is problematic since publishers are afraid of losingcontrol of their works. University presses see ebooks as a way to boost print revenues,rather than as a product in itself (Google Books) French publishers very unlikely to accept an ebook license based onNorth American models. MARC records are a challenge, ie French subject headings required. 7. French-Canadian ebooks In Quebec, publishers are prohibited from selling booksdirectly to institutions; bookstores play a prominent culturaland political role as book distributor in society. Publisher acceptance of key standards regarding ebooks andinstitutional licensing. We have acquired 1,540 French-Canadian titles via theCanadian Publishers Collection (a subscription product fromGibson Library Connections) which provides approximately11,000 scholarly monographs in e-format 53 titles from 2010; other titles date from 1959-2009 This includes various university presses: Les Presses delUniversit du Montral; Les Presses de lUniversit duQubec; Les Presses de lUniversit de Laval; Les Presses delUniversit dOttawa, Les Editions XYZ. 8. French-Canadian ebooks Available on ebrary platform ; MARC records provided(including French subject headings) Individual titles in the Canadian Publishers Collectioncan be purchased (perpetual access) depending onpublisher Our interest is in local hosting, via Scholars Portal ebookplatform (provincial consortium infrastructure) This platform offers federated searching across allebooks (over 240,000 from many publishers such asSpringer, Oxford, Cambridge, Open Content Alliance,etc) 9. The Future? There is a great divergence between the French-Canadian and French-European book industry. Greater acquisition of French monographs in e-formatwill depend on various cultural, business, andtechnological developments in France. Risk & opportunity assessment by French publishers How the French address these issues will shape theirrole in the digital economy (in relation to books) We are quite keen to acquire ebooks from France, oncethey are available and can meet our basic requirementsfor licensing, access, and integration into our systems. 10. Thanks!Tony HoravaUniversity of Ottawathorava@uottawa.ca(613) 562-5800 ext3645.