frick collection, new york_paintings collection, the masterpieces (2)

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  • Frick Collection, New York

    Paintings Collection, The Masterpieces

    (2)

  • HOLBEIN, Hans the YoungerSir Thomas More1527Oil on oak panel, 74.9 x 60.3 cmFrick Collection, New York

  • HOLBEIN, Hans the YoungerSir Thomas More (detail)1527Oil on oak panel, 74.9 x 60.3 cmFrick Collection, New York

  • HOLBEIN, Hans the YoungerSir Thomas More (detail)1527Oil on oak panel, 74.9 x 60.3 cmFrick Collection, New York

  • HOLBEIN, Hans the YoungerSir Thomas More (detail)1527Oil on oak panel, 74.9 x 60.3 cmFrick Collection, New York

  • HOLBEIN, Hans the YoungerSir Thomas More (detail)1527Oil on oak panel, 74.9 x 60.3 cmFrick Collection, New York

  • HOLBEIN, Hans the YoungerSir Thomas More (detail)1527Oil on oak panel, 74.9 x 60.3 cmFrick Collection, New York

  • BRONZINO, AgnoloLodovico Capponi 155055Oil on poplar panel, 116.5 x 85.7 cmFrick Collection, New York

  • BRONZINO, AgnoloLodovico Capponi (detail)155055Oil on poplar panel, 116.5 x 85.7 cmFrick Collection, New York

  • BRONZINO, AgnoloLodovico Capponi (detail)155055Oil on poplar panel, 116.5 x 85.7 cmFrick Collection, New York

  • BRONZINO, AgnoloLodovico Capponi (detail)155055Oil on poplar panel, 116.5 x 85.7 cmFrick Collection, New York

  • BRONZINO, AgnoloLodovico Capponi (detail)155055Oil on poplar panel, 116.5 x 85.7 cmFrick Collection, New York

  • BRONZINO, AgnoloLodovico Capponi (detail)155055Oil on poplar panel, 116.5 x 85.7 cmFrick Collection, New York

  • BRONZINO, AgnoloLodovico Capponi (detail)155055Oil on poplar panel, 116.5 x 85.7 cmFrick Collection, New York

  • GAINSBOROUGH, Thomas The Mall in St. James's Park ca. 1783Oil on canvas, 120.7 x 147 cmFrick Collection, New York

  • GAINSBOROUGH, Thomas The Mall in St. James's Park (detail)ca. 1783Oil on canvas, 120.7 x 147 cmFrick Collection, New York

  • GAINSBOROUGH, Thomas The Mall in St. James's Park (detail)ca. 1783Oil on canvas, 120.7 x 147 cmFrick Collection, New York

  • GAINSBOROUGH, Thomas The Mall in St. James's Park (detail)ca. 1783Oil on canvas, 120.7 x 147 cmFrick Collection, New York

  • GAINSBOROUGH, Thomas The Mall in St. James's Park (detail)ca. 1783Oil on canvas, 120.7 x 147 cmFrick Collection, New York

  • GAINSBOROUGH, Thomas The Mall in St. James's Park (detail)ca. 1783Oil on canvas, 120.7 x 147 cmFrick Collection, New York

  • PIERO DELLA FRANCESCAPolyptych of St Augustine: St John the Evangelistca. 145469Tempera on poplar panel, 134 x 62.2 cmFrick Collection, New York

  • PIERO DELLA FRANCESCAPolyptych of St Augustine: St John the Evangelist (detail)ca. 145469Tempera on poplar panel, 134 x 62.2 cmFrick Collection, New York

  • PIERO DELLA FRANCESCAPolyptych of St Augustine: St John the Evangelist (detail)ca. 145469Tempera on poplar panel, 134 x 62.2 cmFrick Collection, New York

  • PIERO DELLA FRANCESCAPolyptych of St Augustine: St John the Evangelist (detail)ca. 145469Tempera on poplar panel, 134 x 62.2 cmFrick Collection, New York

  • PIERO DELLA FRANCESCAPolyptych of St Augustine: St John the Evangelist (detail)ca. 145469Tempera on poplar panel, 134 x 62.2 cmFrick Collection, New York

  • DUCCIO di BuoninsegnaThe Temptation of Christ on the Mountain 1308-11Tempera on poplar panel (cradled), 43.2 x 46 cmFrick Collection, New York

  • DUCCIO di BuoninsegnaThe Temptation of Christ on the Mountain (detail)1308-11Tempera on poplar panel (cradled), 43.2 x 46 cmFrick Collection, New York

  • DUCCIO di BuoninsegnaThe Temptation of Christ on the Mountain (detail)1308-11Tempera on poplar panel (cradled), 43.2 x 46 cmFrick Collection, New York

  • DUCCIO di BuoninsegnaThe Temptation of Christ on the Mountain (detail)1308-11Tempera on poplar panel (cradled), 43.2 x 46 cmFrick Collection, New York

  • DUCCIO di BuoninsegnaThe Temptation of Christ on the Mountain (detail)1308-11Tempera on poplar panel (cradled), 43.2 x 46 cmFrick Collection, New York

  • REMBRANDT Harmenszoon van RijnThe Polish Rider1655Oil on canvas, 116.8 x 134.9 cmFrick Collection, New York

  • REMBRANDT Harmenszoon van RijnThe Polish Rider (detail)1655Oil on canvas, 116.8 x 134.9 cmFrick Collection, New York

  • REMBRANDT Harmenszoon van RijnThe Polish Rider (detail)1655Oil on canvas, 116.8 x 134.9 cmFrick Collection, New York

  • REMBRANDT Harmenszoon van RijnThe Polish Rider (detail)1655Oil on canvas, 116.8 x 134.9 cmFrick Collection, New York

  • REMBRANDT Harmenszoon van RijnThe Polish Rider (detail)1655Oil on canvas, 116.8 x 134.9 cmFrick Collection, New York

  • REMBRANDT Harmenszoon van RijnPortrait of Nicolaes Ruts1631Oil on mahogany panel, 116.8 x 87.3 cmFrick Collection, New York

  • REMBRANDT Harmenszoon van RijnPortrait of Nicolaes Ruts (detail)1631Oil on mahogany panel, 116.8 x 87.3 cmFrick Collection, New York

  • REMBRANDT Harmenszoon van RijnPortrait of Nicolaes Ruts (detail)1631Oil on mahogany panel, 116.8 x 87.3 cmFrick Collection, New York

  • REMBRANDT Harmenszoon van RijnPortrait of Nicolaes Ruts (detail)1631Oil on mahogany panel, 116.8 x 87.3 cmFrick Collection, New York

  • REMBRANDT Harmenszoon van RijnPortrait of Nicolaes Ruts (detail)1631Oil on mahogany panel, 116.8 x 87.3 cmFrick Collection, New York

  • REMBRANDT Harmenszoon van RijnSelf-Portrait1658Oil on canvas, 133.7 x 103.8 cmFrick Collection, New York

  • REMBRANDT Harmenszoon van RijnSelf-Portrait (detail)1658Oil on canvas, 133.7 x 103.8 cmFrick Collection, New York

  • REMBRANDT Harmenszoon van RijnSelf-Portrait (detail)1658Oil on canvas, 133.7 x 103.8 cmFrick Collection, New York

  • REMBRANDT Harmenszoon van RijnSelf-Portrait (detail)1658Oil on canvas, 133.7 x 103.8 cmFrick Collection, New York

  • REMBRANDT Harmenszoon van RijnSelf-Portrait (detail)1658Oil on canvas, 133.7 x 103.8 cmFrick Collection, New York

  • BELLINI, GiovanniSt. Francis in the Desertca. 147678Oil on panel, 124.1 140.5 cm Frick Collection, New York

  • BELLINI, GiovanniSt. Francis in the Desert (detail)ca. 147678Oil on panel, 124.1 140.5 cm Frick Collection, New York

  • BELLINI, GiovanniSt. Francis in the Desert (detail)ca. 147678Oil on panel, 124.1 140.5 cm Frick Collection, New York

  • BELLINI, GiovanniSt. Francis in the Desert (detail)ca. 147678Oil on panel, 124.1 140.5 cm Frick Collection, New York

  • BELLINI, GiovanniSt. Francis in the Desert (detail)ca. 147678Oil on panel, 124.1 140.5 cm Frick Collection, New York

  • Frick Collection, New YorkPaintings Collection, The Masterpieces (2)

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  • BELLINI, GiovanniSt. Francis in the Desert

    St. Francis of Assisi (1181/821226), founder of the Franciscan order, is believed to have received the stigmata the wounds of Christ's Crucifixion in 1224 during a retreat on Mount Alverna in the Apennines. It may be this event that Bellini evokes here through the naturalistic yet transcendental imagery of rays of light flooding the foreground from an unseen source at upper left. However, alternative explanations for the scene have been proposed.

    The wilderness or desert of Mount Alverna is compared in early Franciscan sources to the desert of the Book of Exodus, and Moses and Aaron were seen by the Franciscans as their spiritual ancestors, who were believed to have lived again in their founder. A parallel was seen between the saints stigmatization on Mount Alverna and Moses communion with God on Mount Horeb. The quivering tree at upper left, shining in the mysterious light, may then be intended to recall not only the Cross but also the burning bush of Moses vision at Horeb.

    The landscape of Bellini's desert is filled with marvelous details animals, birds, persons, plants, objects such as the skull and sandals, and strange rock formations that yielded hidden meanings for those who understood their importance in Franciscan literature. The water trickling from a spout in the stones at left, for example, is compared to the miraculous fountain Moses brought forth from the rocks at Horeb, and the empty sandals behind the barefoot saint recall God's command to Moses to put off the shoes from thy feet: for the place whereon thou standest is holy ground. It is perhaps this sense of significance in all things as well as the radiant light flowing over the landscape that imbues the painting with such magical appeal.

  • HOLBEIN, Hans the YoungerSir Thomas More

    Thomas More (1477/781535), humanist scholar, author, and statesman, served Henry VIII as diplomatic envoy and Privy Councillor prior to his election as speaker of the House of Commons in 1523. The chain More wears in this portrait is an emblem of service to the King, not of any specific office. In 1529 More succeeded Cardinal Wolsey as Lord Chancellor, but three years later he resigned that office over the issue of Henrys divorce from Catherine of Aragon, and subsequently he refused to subscribe to the Act of Supremacy making the King head of the Church of England. For this he was convicted of high treason and beheaded. Venerated by the Catholic Church as a martyr, More was beatified in 1886 and canonized in 1935 on the four-hundredth anniversary of his death. Holbeins sympathy for the man whose guest he was upon first arriving in England is apparent in the Frick portrait. His brilliant rendering of the rich fabrics and adornments make this one

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