Fundamentals of Reading Instruction

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Fundamentals of Reading Instruction. Presented by: Ashley Hughes. Five Components of Reading Instruction. Research states that there are 5 essential components of Reading Instruction: (NCLD, 2010) Phonemic Awareness Phonics Fluency Vocabulary Reading Comprehension. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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<p>Fundamentals of Reading Instruction</p> <p>Fundamentals of Reading InstructionPresented by: Ashley HughesFive Components of Reading InstructionResearch states that there are 5 essential components of Reading Instruction: (NCLD, 2010)Phonemic AwarenessPhonics Fluency Vocabulary Reading Comprehension</p> <p>Phonemic AwarenessPhonemic awareness is knowing that words are made of individual sounds and being aware of and able to manipulate these sounds, which are called phonemes. (For Example: /s/ in /sit/)Children should:Rhyme (the fat cat Pat)Pick out syllables in spoken words (Su-san)Know the first and last sounds in a word (ran, can; sit, it)Separate the sounds in a word (/s/-/i/-/t/)Teaching sounds along with the letters of the alphabet will help develop phonemic awareness,PhonicsPhonics is the relationship between sounds and letters. Children must understand that letters are representations of sounds before they can learn to read. (The relationship between written letters and spoken sounds.)A (Apple) B (Ball) C (Cat) Phonics instruction helps teach children letter-sound correspondences. FluencyFluency is the ability to read a text accurately and quickly. Fluent readers do not have to concentrate on recognizing the words, they can focus their attention on what the text means. Fluency builds a bridge between word recognition and comprehensionIncrease Fluency Increase ComprehensionVocabularyVocabulary is knowing words and knowing what they mean. There are four types of vocabulary: listening vocabulary, speaking vocabulary, reading vocabulary, and writing vocabulary.It is easier for beginning readers to read words that are already part of their oral vocabularies.Vocabulary continuedStudents should engage in activities, such as, </p> <p>Word play (For example: "When you use glue in class, it paste to be careful. (PUN)) Do research into the history of a word Search for examples of a word in their everyday lives (For example: read signs or cereal boxes)ComprehensionReading comprehension is being able to understand, remember, and communicate what has been read.Reading to learn subject matter does not occur automatically once students have learned to readStrategies for taking the meaning from text need to be taught. Students need to be taught how to make sense out of text and how to construct meaning.ReferencesArticle: Reading Instruction Checklist National Center for Learning Disabilities www.ld.org</p>

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