goat meat sub sector report

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Final Report

Final

Report of the Study on Goatery Sub Sector

For

Chhattisgarh State Institute of Rural DevelopmentDepartment of Panchayat & Rural Development, Govt. of Chhattisgarh Nimora, Raipur (C.G.) - 492015

Team Sanjeev Kumar Arun Keshav

Submitted by

The Livelihood School D-1,Machna Colony Shivaji Nagar,Bhopal Ph:0755-4209040

www.thelivelihoodschool.in

Table of Contents

Acronyms ............................................................................................................................3 Acknowledgement ...........................................................................................................4 Executive Summary...........................................................................................................5 1. Background............................................................................................................121.1. 1.2. Goat rearing and meat status in India.............................................................. 12 Goat Rearing and Meat status in Chhattisgarh............................................... 13

1.3. Importance of Goat meat sub sector in Livelihood and Employment Generation ................................................................................................. 17

2.

Objectives & Methodology .................................................................................192.1. 2.2. 2.3. 2.4. 2.5. Scope and Objectives of Goat meat Sub sector Study................................. 19 Methodology adopted ....................................................................................... 19 Sample area and place selection..................................................................... 20 Study Tools ............................................................................................................. 20 Significant People Interviewed/interacted ...................................................... 20

3.

Goat Meat Sub sector findings ...........................................................................213.1. 3.1.1. 3.2. 3.2.1. 3.2.2. Goat meat Sub Sector Map in Chhattisgarh ................................................... 21 Description of subsector channels....................................................22 Financial Overlays ................................................................................................ 23 Cash Flow for Monthly/Seasonal transactions ................................23 Profitability of participants at different levels ..................................23

4.

Key Constraints and Leverage Points in the Sub-sector .................................244.1. Key constraints at production, processing and marketing ............................ 24

The Bastar choices 4.2. Strategic Goat and Key Recommendations ............................................... 284.3. 4.4. Potential Role of PRI in facilitating Goat meat Sub sector Growth ............... 31Financial Implications of suggested model implementation and suggested role

of key players....................................................................................................................... 33

References .......................................................................................................................35 Annexure I. Log of KIIs and FGDs conducted for the Goat sub sector study ...................37

II. Transcriptions- Key Informant Interviews and FGDs with stake holders...............................................................................................................................42 III. Analysis of the producer house holds interviews..............................................762

IV. V.

Tools used for information/data collection in the study ...................................1 The Pashu Sakhi Model.........................................................................................92

VI. Proposed Structure and sustainability analysis of Goat producers Company..........................................................................................................................93

AcronymsPRI Panchayati Raj Institutions SHG- Self Help Groups FGD Focused Group Discussion KII Key Informant Interview NGOs Non Governmental Organisations PLA Participatory Learning and Action NREGA National Rural Employment Guarantee Act NREGS National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme SGSY Swarn Jayanti Gram Swarojgar Yojana PMRY Pradhan Mantri Rojgar Yojana CG Chhatisgarh SC Schedule caste ST Schedule Tribe MW Mega Watt

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AcknowledgementThis report has been based on intensive field discussions with a number of people working on development issues across the states. Each of them has provided insights and provided their valuable experience which has set foundation for this report. We thankfully acknowledge their contributions. Authors acknowledge their gratitude to all those goat rearers of Chhatisgarh , who openly welcomed us and shared their concerns and experiences. Help at district level by numerous people had been a pleasant experience and saved time. We thankfully acknowledge the support received from Akhilesh Singh (UNDP, Project officer) at Sarguja and Mr. Rajendra Shukla at Jagdalpur. Mr. R.K Singh, Director, CGSIRD has supported us through his insights, guidance and helped in keeping focus on practical use of study findings, we greatly acknowledge his support. The support received at various development program offices like Animal Husbandry, Dairy cooperative, Navanjor and special program like Chhatisgarh Livestock development Agency has been praiseworthy. We especially extend our gratitude to them. We are appreciative of field coordination and logistics managed by Mr. R.S. Gautam of The livelihood School and support provided by Mr. Srinubabu. Like any such field based investigation encompassing market related information, support of traders and market players in sharing details of process and trends are important. Looking into criticality of their role and dedication to manage this all business (adventurous) effort, Authors salute their spirit and wish to dedicate this sub sector report to all market players of goat business within and outside the state.

Sanjeev Kumar Arun Keshav Date June 15, 2010

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Executive SummaryGoat rearers across Chhattisgarh are increasingly turning to goats as a means of survival and a way of boosting their incomes. It has shown remarkably over 18% growths (during 2003 to 2007) in spite of high slaughter rate (over 39% annual). This presents the State and various development actors as well as agencies responsible for livelihood and employment promotion in the state, with new opportunities for reaching the poorest farmers in the State. Goats are deeply embedded in almost every tribal culture and are true friends to the rural poor and yet have received very little attention by development agencies (By governments/Non Government or private agencies) and investment in their development has been low in the state. This Sub sector study report focuses on the unique role and potential of goats in tribal and non tribal belts of Chhattisgarh to lift poor people out of poverty and onto a path of improved welfare and prosperity. For various reasons, goats are coming to the fore in both smallholder and pastoral systems. The study makes some specific suggestions how goats could be developed in different situations. However, while the widespread cultural acceptance of goats and goat products forms a sound basis for development, there are many physical, economic, social and political constraints to developing goats in the state in addition to biases against them, and the people who keep them that need to be rectified before goats are able to show their true potential. Study team used following data collection tools to have a across the stakeholders views and capture the data and reflections of practitioners Key Informant Interviews (KII), House hold interviews, Structured and semi structured questionnaires Focused Group Discussion (FGD) and Participatory Learning and Actions (PLA) with various players in the value chain and Critical observations at the production and marketing site through field visits Goat rearing is the one of the essential part of culture and livelihood source of Chhattisgarh people. They serve following distinct (financial and non financial) and complementary kind of purpose at a rural community household 1. Risk mitigating strategy against crop failure, weather unpredictability and less rainfall as well as personal health expenses 2. Reliable source of supplementary income and income stabilization tool in case of crop failure or crop loss 5

3. As a near liquid asset which can be sold for any emergency purpose like family member medical expenses, loan repayment, deposit of fees. 4. As a source of nutrition for meat 5. Women and children earned income 6. As a saving tool for a particular purpose like meeting marriage expenses or social obligations 7. As a social & religious ritual and welcoming close relatives and friends through scarifying goats for a feast or scarifying at religious place to please goats The production system of Goat in Chhattisgarh is characterized by agro pastoral systems. Most often goats are kept in the range of 3 to 5 goats at household level (Based on sample survey). The trend of moving towards low herd size has been an adaptive change over the recent years due to various factors prominently - availability of human resource to graze the goats, fear of diseases outspread, increasing opportunity cost due to NREGA and other labour works and high drudgery involved in the business. Study team observed that establishment of commercial goat farm on economic

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