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DESCRIPTIONIntelligence-Led Policing for Decision-Makers Webinar Audio is at http://www.blogtalkradio.com/Deborah-Osborne/2009/09/23/Intelligence-Led-Policing-for-Decision-Makers-Webinar This webinar, designed for law enforcement managers, covers the following topics: * Intelligence: what it is, what it is not, and what it can be * The role of the decision-maker in the intelligence cycle * Defining Intelligence-Led Policing and the 3 i's cycle * The 7 stages of Intelligence-Led Policing * Resources for learning more about Intelligence-Led Policing
- 1. Intelligence-Led Policingfor Police Decision-Makers
by Deborah Osborne 2009
Audio is at http://www.blogtalkradio.com/Deborah-Osborne/2009/09/23/Intelligence-Led-Policing-for-Decision-Makers-Webinar
- 2. Why ILP?
So if 9/11 happened in a Web 1.0 world, terrorists are certainly in a Web 2.0 world now. And many of the technological tools that expedite communication today were in their infancy or didn't even exist in 2001.
Janet Napolitano, Secretary, U.S. Department of Homeland Security, from her July 29, 2009 speech at the Council on Foreign Relations
- 3. What is Intelligence?
The Intelligence Elephant
- 4. A Fable
Six blind men encounter an elephant. The first blind man touches the elephant's leg, and he says an elephant is like a pillar. The second blind man touches the elephant's tail, and he says, no, an elephant is like a rope. The third blind man touches the elephant's trunk, and he says you're both crazy; an elephant is just like a tree branch. The fourth blind man touches the elephant's ear, and says he is certain that an elephant is like a hand held fan. The fifth man touches the elephant's belly, and he insists that an elephant is like a wall. The sixth man touches the elephant's tusk, and he says, you are all wrongan elephant is like a solid pipe!
- 5. The Fable Continued
The men were arguing about the elephant when a sighted man came along and asked them what was wrong. After they each told him what the elephant was like, he said, "You're all correct! An elephant has all the features you describe."
- 6. Intelligence
HUMINT, OSINT, COMINT, SIGINT etc
Top Secret, LE sensitive, Open Source
Surveillance, wiretaps, informants
Files on criminals & organized crime activities
Arrest records, parole, probation
Crime incidents, calls for service, tip lines
Maps, statistics, geography/frequency pattern analysis
Analysis of patterns of weapons, targets, stolen goods, victims
Modus Operandi analysis
Activity flow analysis
- 7. Elephant Problems
Lack of total situational awareness
Lack of mobility and functionality
Lack of language to communicate
Lack of ability to perceive reality
Fear of the elephant by larger society
Fear of change
Solving only parts of problems rather than whole problems
- 8. Intelligence Cycle
- 9. Consider the Cycle
Planning and direction involves decision-makers setting tactical and strategic goals
Asking the right REALISTIC questions matters
Planning and direction are not mentioned in the traditional crime analysis cycle
Some of the best analysis involves unplanned analysis
Quality and relevancy of information/data collection matters we cant analyze what has not been collected
Gaps in collection will be uncovered and should be addressed
Much of the data needed is already collected but is untapped by analysts due to lack of knowledge, tools, imagination, training, and adequate staffing
- 10. Consider Cycle
Evaluating the information/data collected for reliability, accuracy and relevance is crucial
Identification of collection gaps occurs here
Good communication with collectors is needed
Sorting the information/data to answer the right intelligence questions can be time-consuming
Sometimes we overlook problems that involve multiple crime types or groups
Technology helps immensely here but data accuracy is needed to enhance effectiveness
- 11. Consider the Cycle
Analysis means breaking apart into pieces to study the parts
Synthesis occurs here as the analyst puts the parts into a new whole so that something new and useful is created relevant analytical product
Beware of the if I have a hammer everything is a nail syndrome
Intelligence that does not get to the right people in a timely manner is useless
Dissemination requires clear policies regarding who gets what
Dissemination to other agencies can be very effective in creating goodwill as well as combating crime
- 12. Consider the Cycle
Return to cycle
Did the analytical product pass the so-what test? How can it be improved?
Did the tactics and strategies to address the problem, employed by the decision-maker as a result of the analysis, work?
Do we need to modify our actions?
What else do we need to know?
Did we find a new problem?
The cycle usually involves going backwards and forward over and over again
Analytical products should be updated and tracked
Tactics and strategies put into place as a result of the analysis should be tracked
New problems will arise and should be addressed
- 13. ILP for Local LE
The second layer is local law enforcement. And if you go out one ring from individuals and the private sector, you have 780,000 law enforcement officials across 18,000 state, local and tribal law enforcement agencies. Let me just say those numbers again: 780,000 across 18,000 departments. These men and women play an absolutely critical role, because they are the ones that can act on information they receive from individuals in the community, from their own observations, or from the intelligence community itself. But the ability of state and local officials, as well as the private sector, to prepare for threats and to respond to a disaster is only as good as their ability to receive useful information, understand what it means and act upon it effectively. Janet Napolitano, Secretary, U.S. Department of Homeland Security
- 14. Intelligence-led Policing
Intelligence-led policing is a business model and managerial philosophy where data analysis and crime intelligence are pivotal to an objective, decision-making framework that facilitates crime and problem reduction, disruption and prevention through both strategic management and effective enforcement strategies that target prolific and serious offenders.
- Source: Ratcliffe, JH (2008) 'Intelligence-Led Policing' (Willan Publishing: Cullompton, Devon).
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