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Chalmer's edition of Jataka tales, originally published in 1895, vol 4.

TRANSCRIPT

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CHARLES WILLIAM WASONCOLLECTIONCHINA AND THE CHINESE

THE GIFT OF

CHARLES WILLIAM WASONCLASS OF 1S76 1918

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PRINTEDIN U.S.A.

Cornell University Library

The

original of this

book

is in

the Cornell University Library.

There are no known copyright

restrictions intext.

the United States on the use of the

http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924072231537

THE JATAKAOR

STORIES OF THE BUDDHA'S FORMER BIRTHS

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THE MAOMILLAN COMPANY. Bombiis: E. SEYMOUR HALE.

:

THE JATAKAOR

STORIES OF THE BUDDHA'S

FORMER BIRTHS.TRANSLATED FROM THE PALI BY VARIOUS HANDS

UNDER THE EDITORSHIP OF

PROFESSOR

E.

B.

COWELL.

VOL.

IV.

TRANSLATED BY

W. H. D.

ROUSE,

MA..,

SOMETIME FELLOW OF CHRIST'S COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE.

CAMBRIDGEAT THE UNIVERSITY PRESS.1901[All,

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CONTENTS.PAGE439.

CATU-DVARA-JATAKAAbout Mittavindaka, and how he was punishedfor covetousness.

1

440.

KANHA-JATAKA How an ascetic made

4wise choice of boons offered

him by Sakka.9

441.

CATU-POSATHIKA-JATAKA

.

....

(See Punnaka-jataka.)

442.

SAMKHA-JATAKA How a gift to aof the magic ship.

9Pacceka Buddha was plenteously rewarded, and

443.

CULLA-BODHI-JATAKA

13fromall

How

an'ascetic

was

free

passion, and

how he

explained

to a king the nature of passion.

444.

KANHADIPAYANA-JATAKAOf a numberof persons

17their secret faults,

who confessed

and

of

the virtue of an Act of Truth.

445.

NIGRODHA-JATAKAking by eating of a cock's flesh, and of the gratitude and ingratitude of friends shown according to their

22

How

a low-born

man became

kind.

446.

TAKKALA-JATAKAHow

.

27his old father, but

an ungrateful son planned to murder when his own son overhearing showed him an own ugliness, he was put to shame.

object-lesson of his

vi

Contents.PAGE

447.

MAHA-DHAMMA-PALA-JATAKA How a father refused to believe thatwas not the custom of his family to die good living through many generations.

32was dead, because it young: this was the result ofhis son

448.

KUKKUTA-JATAKAHow afalcon pretended to

35makefriends with a fowl, but the other

was not deceived.

449.

MATTA-KUNDALI-JATAKA How one who mourned forBILARI-KOSIYA-JATAKA

37his son

was comforted.

450.

40who pretendedto choke

How

a niggard was cured by holy beings

at his food.

451.

CAKKA-VAKA-JATAKAOf a crow and two ruddy geese, how they discoursed each of his own food, and what was the cause of their colours.

44

452.

BHURI-PANHA-JATAKA(Ummagga-jataka.)

46

453.

MAHA-MANGALA-JATAKAOf the vanity of omens, and how goodness and kindness are

46

omens454-

of the best.

GHATA-JATAKAwas kept prisoner in a tower that she might wed no one, and how the attempt was defeated, of the magic city which was guarded by an ass, of the wild deeds of the Ten Slave Brethren, who became kings by right of conquest, and finally perished, and how a king was consoled for the loss of his beloved son.agirl

50

How

455-

MATI-POSAKA-JATAKAan elephant, too virtuous to resist, was captured, and how the king released him, touched by the love this elephant bore to hismother.

58

How

456.

JUNHA-JATAKA How a prince madeinto his kingdom.

.61a promise which hefulfilled

when he came

457.

DHAMMA-JATAKAHow Eightthe worst ofit.

64

and Wrong argued each his cause, and how Wrong had

Contents.

vii

PAGE458.

UDAYA-JATAKA How a king andSakka put the queen

66queen had continence in wedlock, and howto the test,

and how she was

justified.

459.

PANIYA-JATAKA How a villager stole watermeditating uponit

71his fellow-labourer's pot,

from became a Pacceka Buddha; and howsins, attained to the like result.

and byothers,

pondering upon their

460.

YUVANJAYA-JATAKA How a prince, by seeingthe

75the dewdrops, was led to meditate on

impermanency

of all things,

and

retired

from the world.

461.

DASARATHA-JATAKA How two princes withfather's death;

78their sister;

way, and dwelt in the mountains

went abroad to be out of harm's how they bore the news of their

how

the eldest prince sent his slippers to take his

ownany

place on the throne, and

how

they gave token of displeasure

if

wrong judgement were

given.

462.

SAMVARA-JATAKA How a prince by seeming

82

modesty made friends of all manner of people, and the device whereby he pacified his brothers, who would have made war on him.

463.

SUPPARAKA-JATAKA How a blind mariner was madehow he wasfairy land.pilot to

86the king's assessor

and

valuer,

and

a vessel, which traversed the perilous seas of

464.

CULLA-KUNALA-JATAKA(Kunala-jataka.)

91

465.

BHADDA-SALA-JATAKA How a sacred tree was toking's purpose.

91be cut

down

for

a

pillar,

and the

spirit

of the tree appeared to the king,

and by his unselfishness turned the

466.

SAMXTDDA-VANIJA-JATAKA

98them with aflood;

How

a body of carpenters settled in a certain island, and the

island deities determined to overwhelm

how

the

wise were saved, but the foolish remained and were

all lost.

467.

KAMA-JATAKA How a princeto the frontier,

104declined to be his father's viceroy, and proceeded

which he won over by doing the people services, and then demanded the kingdom; and how Sakka gave him a lesson onhis greed.

viii

Contents.PAGE

468.

JANASANDHA-JATAKATen pointsof

109to a prince.

wisdom explained

469.

MAHA-KANHA-JATAKA How Sakka changed Matali

Illinto a black

hound, and sent him to

frighten the world out of its evil ways.

470.

KOSIYA-JATAKA(Sudhabhojana-jataka.)

115

471.

MENDAKA-JATAKA(Ummagga-jataka.)

115

472.

MAHA-PADUMA-JATAKA How a queen tempted herwomanput to shame.

116step-son to sin, and on being refused

pretended that he had tempted her, and

how he was

justified

and the

473.

MITTAMITTA-JATAKAThesigns of a friend

122andof a foe.

474.

AMBA-JATAKA How a man learntand how heforgotit

124a charm for growing fruit out of due season,

because he was false to his teacher.

475.

l'HANDANA-JATAKAOf alion

129to get a tree cut

which plotted

down, and how he was

outwitted by the deity of the tree.

476.

JAVANA-HAMSA-JATAKA How a royal goose and a human

132king made fast friends;

how

the

goose saved two foolish geese which flew a race with the sun, and of other his marvellous feats.

477.

CULLA-NARADA-JATAKA How an ascetic was temptedguided

136in the flesh,

and how his father

him by good

counsel.

478.

DUTA-JATAKA How a pupilupon a

139got gold to pay his teacher withal by meditating

river bank.

479-

KALINGA-BODHI-JATAKAOf a prince who dwelt in a forest, and how he fell in love with a lady by seeing flowers which she dropt into a river how the prince became universal monarch, and what befel him at the great bo-tree.;

142

Contents.

ixPAGE

480.

AKITTA-JATAKA

148all his

How

a king distributed

treasure in alms, and with hisfurther,

sister retired

to the forest;

how he went

and his

sister

sought him.

481.

TAKKARIYA-JATAKA How a brahmin's wifewould havekilled her

153lewd behaviour, and the husband

was of paramour, by sacrificing him in the foundation of a gate; how by talking too soon he nearly met this fate himself, but was admonished by pupil who told him stories; of a, young man who was ill entreated in brothel, of a bi