jkr road marking & delineation

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  • 5/28/2018 JKR Road Marking & Delineation


    Roads BranchPublic Works Department Malaysia

    Jalan Sultan Salahuddin50582 Kuala Lumpur

    Arahan Teknik (Jalan) 2D/85



    Manual on Traffic Control Devices:

    Road Marking and Dileanation

  • 5/28/2018 JKR Road Marking & Delineation


    Page 1

    Manual On Traffic Control Devices,Road Marking & Delineation

    Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR, K.L


    The purpose of this manual is to establish uniformity in design and application of all traffic signs

    and control devices in Malaysia for the benefit of road users, road and traffic authorities, and man-

    ufacturers of traffic signs.This manual supersedes and forms part of the revised version of JKR/J(Rb) 0001,180, Manual On

    Traffic Devices - Traffic Signs. The manual is now divided into the following parts:

    1. Arahan Teknik (Jalan) 2A/85 - Standard Traffic Signs. Standard traffic signs drawings for

    Regulatory, Warning and Guide signs are illustrated complete with dimensions. A colour chart

    for all the traffic signs indicates acceptable colours for each sign.

    2. Arahan Teknik (Jalan) 2B/85 - Traffic Sign Applications.

    It consists of, with the exception of Temporary signs, design criteria and location requirements

    for all traffic signs.

    3. Arahan Teknik (Jalan) 2C/85 - Temporary Signs and Work Zones Control.

    It consists of standard temporary signs drawings and their application in the work zones.

    4. Arahan Teknik (Jalan) 2D/85 - Road Marking and Delineation. Standard road line paints, road

    markings and delineators are identified together with guides on their applications.

    The specifications in this manual are recommended to be used for new signs and for all replace-

    ments of existing signs which have outlived their usefulness.


  • 5/28/2018 JKR Road Marking & Delineation


    Page 2

    Manual On Traffic Control Devices,Road Marking & Delineation

    Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR, K.L



    Contents Pg. No.

    1.0 General Principles 1

    2.0 Materials 2

    3.0 Colours 2

    4.0 Types Of Markings 3

    4.1 Longitudinal Lines 3 - 9

    4.2 Transverse Lines 9 - 10

    4.3 Other Markings 10 - 13

    5.0 Post Mounted Delineators 13 - 16

    llustrations ( Fig. 1 - Fig. 29)


  • 5/28/2018 JKR Road Marking & Delineation


    Page 3

    Manual On Traffic Control Devices,Road Marking & Delineation

    Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR, K.L

    1.0 General Principles

    1.1 Road markings and delineations are used

    to regulate traffic or to warn or guide road

    users. They may be used either alone or to sup-

    plement other traffic control devices.

    1.2 All road markings and delineation, like

    other traffic control devices should be uniform

    in design, position and application so that they

    may be recognised and understood immediate-

    ly by all road users.

    1.3 Markings and delineators no longer appli-

    cable which may create confusion in the mind

    of the motorist shall be removed or obliterated

    as soon as practicable. Other markings and

    delineations required by road conditions or

    restrictions should be remove or obliterated

    when those conditions cease to exist or the

    restrictions are withdrawn.

    1.4 Markings which must be visible at night

    shall be reflectorised unless ambient allumina-

    tion assures adequate visibility. All markings on

    highways shall be reflectorised. Even on well

    lighted town and streets it is generally desirable

    markings which must be visible at night be


    1.5 In addition to reflectorised lines the use of

    road studs may be considered for roads with

    poor alignment or at dangerous situations, for

    eg. at important junctions and intersections.

    1.5 Pavement markings have definite limita-

    tions. They may not be clearly visible when

    wet, and may not be very durable when sub-

    jected to heavy traffic. Therefore they require

    frequent maintenance. Their effect on skid

    resistance requires care in the choice of materi-

    als to be used. Finally they cannot be applied

    to unsealed roads.

    2.0 Materials

    Road pavements may be marked by one or

    more of the following materials:

    a) Paint

    b) Thermoplastics

    c) Preformed tapes

    2.1 Paint (reflectorised and non-


    Only road line paints conforming to M.S. 164:

    1973, tested and approved by SIRIM shall be

    used. Paint is best used in situations and on

    roads where the markings are not subjected to

    heavy traffic wear.

    2.2 Thermoplastics (reflectorised

    and non-reflectorised)

    Thermoplastics used shall be of the hot-applied

    thermoplastics material conforming to B.S

    3262 or the equivalence. This material is

    applied hot and sets on laying. It has good

    durability and is recommended to be used in

    heavily travelled urban areas and in main high-

    ways with high traffic densities. All road centre

    lines shall be in thermoplastics.

    2.3 Preformed tape

    Markings in this material take the form of plas-

    tic sheet attached to the carriageway surface by

    means of an adhesive. The markings must bepatterned or embossed in order secure satisfac-

    tory resistance to skidding. It can be used as

    temporary markings because it can be removed

    easily even after an extended time period.

    3.0 Colours

    All pavement markings shall be white in

    colour. Yellow paint may be used at:

    a) Yellow boxes in the urban areas.


    Manual On Traffic Control Devices, Road

    Marking & Delineation

  • 5/28/2018 JKR Road Marking & Delineation


    Page 4

    Manual On Traffic Control Devices,Road Marking & Delineation

    Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR, K.L

    b) kerb markings showing parking prohibi-

    tions covered by signs or ordinance.

    c) parking bays for taxis, buses and pedes-

    trian crossings.

    d) Yellow bars at approaches to round

    abouts and crosswalks.

    The standard colour for yellow markings shall

    be colour No.356 B.S. 381 C.

    4.0 Types of Markings

    Pavement markings are divided into the follow-

    ing types:

    i) Longitudinal lines

    ii) Transverse lines

    iii) Other markings

    4.1 Longitudinal Lines

    4.1.1 General

    A longitudinal line shall consists of either an

    unbroken or a broken line or a combination of

    both marked in the direction of travel.

    A broken line is used to separate moving vehi-

    cles where there is unrestricted visibility and

    may be crossed at the discretion of drivers.

    A single unbroken line is used where the cross-

    ing of the line is to be discouraged or is legally

    prohibited, e.g. edge and lane lines. Double

    unbroken lines or combinations of unbroken

    and broken lines are used where crossing of the

    lines is legally prohibited unless in the latter

    case where the broken line of the combination

    as viewed by a driver is to the left of the unbro-

    ken line.

    The dimensions of longitudinal lines are shownin Fig. 1. The thickness of the longitudinal lines

    should be 3 mm to 5 mm when applied by

    SC.reeding and 1.0 mm to 1.5 mm when


    4.1.2 Centre Line

    A centre line is used to designate the centre of

    the travelled part of a roadway carrying traffic

    in both directions.

    It need not be at the geometrical centre of the

    pavement as in the case of a pavement- width

    transition where an extra uphill traffic lane is

    provided. Centre Lines on Rural Roads

    The centre line on a 2-lane rural road shall be a

    broken white line, 100mm wide. The broken

    line shall consists of strokes of equal length

    separated by uniform gaps. The speed of vehi-

    cles on the section of road or in the area in

    question should be taken into account in deter-

    mining the length of the strokes and of the gaps

    between them.

    The standard ratio of gap to stroke of 5 to 3

    shall be used. On rural roads use a gap of 7.5m

    with a 4.5m stroke. However, on mountainous

    terrain or with short radius curves, use a 4.5m

    gap with 2.7m stroke.

    On 4-lane undivided rural roads, the centre line

    shall consists of two unbroken white lines, each

    100 mm wide and separated by a space of

    125 mm.

    Centre lines shall be provided on all paved 2-lane roadways (including bridges), 5.5m or

    more in width if traffic volume is in excess of

    300 vehicles (A.A.D.T.) a day. On single lane

    bridges centre lines shall be discontinued 30m

    from each abutment. Centre Lines on Urban Streets

    The centre line on a 2-way urban street having

    2 lanes shall be a broken white line, and

    100mm wide. For the more busy city streets acontinuous white line, 100mm wide, may be

    used where it is desirable to discourage cross-

    ing of the line.

    The centre lines on a undivided 2-way street

    with 4 or more lanes shall be a continuous

    double white lines, each 100mm wide and sep-

    arated by a space of 125 mm. In urban areas,

    the length and spacing of the strokesshould be

    less than those used for rural areas. The strokes