language in use reading project culture tips homework warming-up
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Language in UseReading Project Culture TipsHomework Warming-up
Listen to the song. What is the main message in these lines? Warming-up
Warming-upHave you ever seen the morning? When the sun comes up the shoreAnd the silence teach the beauty for the sound Have you ever set there waiting? For the time to stand still For all the worlds and stars From turning around And you run 'Cause life is too short And you run 'Cause life is too short
Have you ever seen the glory? When the moon is on the rise And the dreams are close To the ones that we love
Warming-upHave you ever set there waiting? For heaven to give a sign So we could find the place Where angels come from
And you run (and you run) 'Cause life is too short And you run (and you run) 'Cause life is too short
Theres a time that turns Turn back time But I dont see I can It only works If you believe in the truth
Warming-upBut theres a time to live And a time to cry But if youre by my side I will try to catch a star Ill try to catch a star Just for you And I run Life is too short And I run (and I run) 'Cause life is too short
And I run And I run And I run And I run And I run
Warming-up2. Test Your Time Management Skills. YES or NO.
Do you plan tomorrow's work today? Have you learned to perform routine chores at your daily "low ebb and creative tasks at your "high" peak? Do you get unpleasant duties out of the way as soon as possible? Have you tried a "preview/review": running the day through your head on the way to work or class? Are you able to deal bluntly with people who waste your time? Do you know how to log your time - that is, occasionally write down just how long it takes to accomplish each day's tasks?
When you promise you'll get something done on time, do you always try to keep your word? Do you set aside a portion of each day to think, create and plan? Is your desk or other workplace or study area tidy? Can you find what you need without wasting time? Do you have an efficient filing or equipment organization? Do you know how to choose your most productive tasks? Do you know exactly what your top priorities are?
Evaluate your score: If you responded "yes" to 10-12 of the questions above, you handle your time excellently. If you responded "yes" to 7-9 of the questions, you are good, but still have room to grow. If you responded "yes" to 6 or below, you are wasting valuable time, and may not even know it.
Pre-reading ActivitiesBefore you read, discuss the following questions in groups.How do you manage your time? If you have a lot of things to do in a day, how will you deal with them?
2. Have you heard about the 80/20 principle before? What does it mean?BACK
Reading ComprehensionThe 80/20 Principle and Time Management
1 In the early part of the 20th century, an economist named Vilfredo Pareto came up with a mathematical system that explained the unequal share of wealth in society. He determined that in most societies, 80 percent of the wealth is almost always held by 20 percent of the population.
2 When the mathematical system was introduced by Pareto, a number of specialists in other fields noticed that it could be applied to different areas as well. By the 1940s, this system came to be known as the 80/20 principle.
Reading Comprehension 3 Over time, it eventually became what is called a universal principle. In a nutshell, the 80/20 principle states that 20 percent of anything will be important while 80 percent will be insignificant. This principle can be applied to virtually anything, whether it is business, economics, or science. The 80/20 principle always works both ways. If you have a warehouse filled with supplies, 20 percent of it will take up 80 percent of the space. If you are the manager of a sales department, the 80/20 principle should tell you that 80 percent of the sales you make will only come from 20 percent of your employees.
Reading Comprehension 4 When it comes to time management, the 80/20 principle states that you will want to focus on 20 percent of the most important things you need to get done. Of all the tasks you will carry out in a single day, only 20 percent of it will be truly relevant. This means that 80 percent of the things you will do are not as important. Your job is to find the 20 percent of tasks which are the most important. If you find that you are not able to complete all the tasks for a given day, you will want to make sure that these tasks do not belong to the 20 percent of the most important things that you need to get done.
5 It should be easy to see why the 80/20 principle is important for time management. If you compare people who are successful with those who are not, you will often find that the unsuccessful people spent most of their time working on tasks that made up the 80 percent. They didnt put an emphasis on things that made up the 20 percent, or they didnt work on them at all. On a personal level, you may be wondering what things make up the 80 percent. The things that make up the 80 percent are dependent on your goals. Generally, they may include watching television, talking on the phone, going to parties or clubs, or doing anything else that is not related to your goals.
6 Tasks that fall under the 20 percent are things that many people usually dont like doing. However, it is this 20 percent that will play the most important part in your success or failure. Examples of general things which make up the 20 percent are doing taxes, market research, studying, or practice. While these tasks may be boring to many, they are the factors that will play a role in your success or failure. People who are successful will spend most of their time focusing on the 20 percent of things that really matter, and will not place their main energy on things that make up the 80 percent.
7 The 80/20 principle is a simple, yet powerful tool. If you master it, you can apply it to any area of your life. When it comes to time management, you will want to find out the most important things which make up the 20 percent. Once you find them, focus your energy on them. This principle can only work if you focus on the right thing. If you focus on the 80 percent, you will fail every time. Whilst there is virtually no limit to the way the 80/20 principle can be used, its necessary to spend time studying where it can be applied in the different areas of your life.
Reading Comprehension1. mathematical adj. relating to or using mathematics mathematics n.
e.g. His mathematics are weak. He is not very good at doing mathematical calculations.BACK
Reading Comprehension2. unequal adj. not equal in number, amount, or level
e.g. The twins are unequal in height.BACK
Reading Comprehension3. specialist n. someone who knows a lot about a particular subject
e.g. Dr. Lee is a specialist in plastic surgery.BACK
Reading Comprehension4. principle n. a rule which explains the way something works
e.g. We must stick to the principle of equality of opportunity for all.BACK
Reading Comprehension5. universal adj. true or suitable in every situation
e.g. There is universal agreement on this issue. BACK
Reading Comprehension6. in a nutshell in a few words, concisely
e.g. In a nutshell, the Beijing Olympics was extraordinary.BACK
Reading Comprehension7. insignificant adj. having little or no value, use, meaning or importance significant
e.g. The rate has fallen by an insignificant amount. BACKEarth
Reading Comprehension8. virtually adv. almost, nearly
e.g. Theres virtually none left.
He virtually promised me the job, but did not actually do so. BACK
Reading Comprehension9. management n. the way that people control and organise different situations manage v. manager n.
e.g. The failure was caused by bad management. BACK
Reading Comprehension10. relevant adj. directly relating to the subject or problem e.g. Color and sex are hardly relevant when appointing someone for a job. BACK
1 20 80%20% 2 204080/20
Reading ComprehensionBACK 3 80/2020%80%80/2020%80%80/2080%20%
Reading ComprehensionBACK 4 80/2020%20%80%20%20%
Reading ComprehensionBACK 5 80/2080%20%80%80%
Reading ComprehensionBACK 6 20%20%20%20%80%
Reading ComprehensionBACK 7 80/2020%80%80/20
After-reading Activities Do you agree or disagree with the statement that the 80/20 principle can be used anywhere? Discuss with your partners. BACK
Language in Use
Grammar Development A lot of students have been confused by older textbooks which refer to will as the future tense. A key factor to remember about will is that when we use will we are not always talking about the future. In these examples will is clearly referring to the futureIf I see her, I'll tell her about it.Next year she'll be 42. However, in these examples will is referring to events happening at the present My car won't start. I'll answer that.