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  • 4/7/2014 List of firsts in India - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_firsts_in_India 1/14

    List of firsts in IndiaFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    This is a list of firsts in India.

    Contents

    1 Architecture2 Awards and titles

    2.1 Nobel Prize3 Defence (in the Republic of India)4 Economy5 Exploration6 Film, TV and entertainment7 Governance8 Science

    8.1 Medical science9 Sport

    9.1 Olympics9.2 Chess9.3 Tennis9.4 Cricket

    10 Women11 Places12 Transport13 Others14 References

    Architecture

    First Islamic (tomb) in India: (http://Sultan%20Ghari)Sultan Ghari Sultan Ghari(Hindi: , Urdu: ), built in 1231 CE for Prince Nasir ud, eldest son of Iltumish.

    First true dome: Alai Darwaza, Qutb complex, Delhi, built in 1311 CE, by first Khilji Sultan ofDelhi, Ala-ud-din Khilji.First true arch: Balban's tomb, Mehrauli Archeological Park, Delhi, built c. 1287 CE, byGhiyas ud din Balban of Mamluk dynasty.First garden-tomb on the Indian subcontinent, also the first with Persian double-dome:Humayun's Tomb, Delhi, built 1562-1571 CE.First Mosque in India: Cheraman Juma Masjid Kodungallur (Kerala), built 629-630 A.D byMalik ibn Deenar, an Arab trader on the order of Chera ruler Cheraman Perumal (Tajjudin

    after conversion to Islam)[1][2]

    Awards and titles

    Mr. Universe: Manohar Aich in 1952Miss World: Reita Faria in 1966. (She was also the first Asian to win the title.)

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    Miss Asia Pacific: Zeenat Aman in 1970International Teen Princess: Radha Bartake in 1974Miss Teenage Intercontinental: Elizabeth Anita Reddi in 1978World Miss University: Priyadarshini Pradhan in 1989Miss Universe: Sushmita Sen in 1994Miss India Worldwide: Karminder Kaur Virk in 1994.Miss Intercontinental Pageant: Lara Dutta in 1997.Mr. International: Aryan Vaid in 2000Manhunt International: Rajeev Singh in 2001Miss Tourism International: Candice Pinto in 2001Mrs. World: Aditi Gowitrikar in 2001Miss Tourism World : Payal Rohatgi in 2002Miss Tourism Queen International: Zabina Abdul Rashid Khan in 2004Miss World Tourism : Sonal Chauhan in 2005.Miss Tourism: Priyanka Shah in 2007Miss Earth: Nicole Faria in 2010Miss Tourism Queen Of The Year International: Urvashi Rautela in 2011Miss Asia Pacific World: Himangini Singh Yadu in 2012Mister United Nations : Rahul Vyas in 2013First Indian to win any literary award (the Newbery Medal) in the United States, in 1927 forGay Neck, the Story of a Pigeon: Dhan Gopal MukerjiNirad C. Chaudhuri, first Indian to win a major non-fiction award, the Duff Cooper Prize in theUnited Kingdom, in 1966 for The Continent of CirceMan Booker Prize: Arundhati Roy for her novel "The God of Small Things" in the year 1997.Bhaswati Bhattacharya was the first Indian to speak as Orator at the Harvard University, in

    the Commencement Exercises in 1993.[3]

    Bharat Ratna: Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, C. Rajagopalachari, and C. V. Raman in 1954Padma Vibhushan: Satyendra Nath Bose, Nand Lal Bose, Zakir Hussain, BalasahebGangadhar Kher, Jigme Dorji Wangchuk, V. K. Krishna Menon in 1954

    Commandeur of the Order of Arts and Letters: Mrinal Sen[4]

    Chevalier of the Order of Arts and Letters: Sivaji GanesanDadasaheb Phalke Award: Devika Rani in 1969Ashoka Chakra Award to a civilian: D.K. Jatar (posthumous) and M.C Dixit, captain and co-captain respectively, of the sabotaged plane Kashmir Princess, for "most conspicuousbravery, daring and self-sacrifice"Magsaysay Award: Vinoba Bhave, 1958Stalin Peace Prize (now known as Lenin Peace Prize) in 1952-Saifuddin KitchlewOscar for Lifetime Achievement - Satyajit RayNishan-e-Pakistan: Morarji Desai, 1990

    Nobel Prize

    Nobel Prize in Literature: Rabindranath Tagore in 1913. He was also the first Asian to winthe prize.Nobel Prize in Physics: C. V. Raman in 1930.Nobel Prize in Medicine: Har Gobind Khorana in 1968 (US citizen of Indian origin)Nobel Peace Prize: Mother Teresa of Calcutta in 1979 (Indian citizen of Albanian origin)Nobel Prize in Physics: Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar in 1983 (US citizen of Indian origin)Nobel Prize in Economics: Amartya Sen in 1998Nobel Prize in Chemistry: Venkatraman Ramakrishnan in 2009 (USA citizen of Indian origin)

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    Defence (in the Republic of India)

    President of Indian Republic: Dr Rajendra PrasadVice President of Indian Republic: Dr. Sarvepalli RadhakrishnanDefence Minister of India: Baldev SinghCommander-in-Chief of Free India: General Sir Roy BucherIndian Commander-in-Chief of Free India: General Kodandera Madappa Cariappa, 1949Chief of Air Staff: Air Marshal Sir Thomas ElmhirstIndian Chief of Staff: General Kodandera Madappa Cariappa, 1947Commander-in-Chief, IAF: Air Marshal Subroto Mukerjee, 1954Chief of Naval Staff: Vice Admiral R D KatariCosmonaut: Sqn Ldr Rakesh Sharma, 1984Field Marshal: Sam Manekshaw, 1973First Parsi Army Chief: Field Marshal Sam ManekshawFirst Parsi Navy Chief: Admiral J L CursetjiFirst Parsi Air Force Chief: Air Marshal Aspy EngineerFirst Christian Army Chief: General Sunith Francis RodriguesFirst Christian Navy Chief: Admiral Ronald Lynsdale PereiraFirst Christian Air Force Chief: Air Chief Marshal Norman Anil Kumar BrowneFirst Sikh Army Chief: General Joginder Jaswant SinghFirst Sikh Air Force Chief: Air Marshal Arjan SinghFirst Muslim Air Force Chief: Air Marshal Idris Hasan LatifFirst female officer to be court martialled: Anjali Gupta

    First female jawan in the Army: Sapper Shanti Tigga[5]

    First Param Vir Chakra Winner: Major Som Nath Sharma

    Economy

    First power in India with Soviet Collaboration: Neyveli Lignite Corporation in 1962.[6]

    First central PSU to be privatized: Modern Food Industries in January 2000

    Exploration

    Person to fly in a balloon and land in a parachute: Ram Chandra ChatterjeePerson to reach the South Pole: Col Jatinder Kumar BajajWoman to scale Mount Everest: Bachendri Pal on 23 May 1984. She was the 5th woman inthe world to scale the peak.Woman to reach South Pole: Reena Kaushal DharmshaktuPerson to reach the North Pole: Jagannathan Srinivasaraghavan on April 23, 1985.Person to have walked across Gobi desert: Sucheta Kadethankar

    Film, TV and entertainment

    First Film to be exhibited in India on 7 July 1896, with the Lumiere Brothers'

    Cinematography, unveiling six silent short films at the Watson's Hotel in Bombay, viz., Entry

    of Cinematographe, The Sea Bath, Arrival of a Train, A Demolition, Ladies & Soldiers onWheels and Leaving the Factory.

    First silent film to be made in India: Raja Harishchandra, 1913 by Dadasaheb Phalke.

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    First Tamil silent film: Keechaka Vadham (1918), produced and directed by R. NatarajaMudaliar.

    First actress of Indian cinema: Durgabai Kamat in Mohini Bhasmasur (1913), second

    movie of Phalke[7][8]

    First Bengali film maker: Hiralal SenFirst Bengali talkie: Dena Paona (1931)Dadasaheb Phalke Award: Devika Rani (1969)First Government award for films: Bengal Film Journalists' Association Awards(1937)First Punjabi film made in the city: KolkataFirst Indian filmmaker to get Bharat Ratna: Satyajit Ray (1992)

    Sound film: Alam Ara (1931) directed by Ardeshir Irani,[9] 1931, First Talkie actress:ZubeidaColour film: Kisan Kanya (1937), directed by Moti B. Gidvani.

    Film to be banned: Neel Akasher Neechey, (1959) (Directed by-Mrinal Sen) .[10]

    Cinemascope film: Kaagaz Ke Phool(Directed by -Gurudutt) (1959)[11][12]

    Oscar for Lifetime Achievement: Satyajit Ray (1992)

    Film to attract International critical attention: Pather Panchali, (1955) won eleven awards.

    Oscar winner: Bhanu Athaiya for Best Costume Design for Gandhi (film) in 1982Oscar nomination for Best Foreign Language Film: Mother India, 1957

    Music director to win an Oscar and first double Oscar winner-Mr. A. R. Rahman for Slumdog

    Millionaire, 22 February 2009.Sound engineer to win an Oscar: Resul Pookutty for Slumdog Millionaire, 22 February2009Palme d'Or at 1946 Cannes Film Festival: Neecha Nagar, directed by Chetan Anand

    National Film Award for cinema: Shyamchi Aai, 1954

    Colorized film: Mughal-e-Azam in 2004 (the original black-and-white version was releasedin 1960)

    Sponsored TV serial: Hum Log, started on 7 July 1984, was also the first soap opera ofIndia, ran for 156 episodes

    Guinness Book of World Records in the category, Fewest actors in a narrative film:

    Yaadein (1964) directed and acted by Sunil Dutt[13]

    Actor to enact 10 roles: Kamal HaasanActress to enact 10 roles = Priyanka Chopra plays 12 different characters in Bollywood film-"What's Your Raashee?"3-D film: My Dear Kuttichathan, a Malayalam film, produced in 1984, dubbed in Hindi as

    Chhota Chetan.

    70 mm film: Around the World, a Hindi film, starring Raj Kapoor and Rajshree in 1967Ordre des Arts et des Lettres (Order of Arts and Letters) - Director: Mrinal Sen (1985);Actor: Sivaji Ganesan (1995); Actress: Sharmila Tagore(2004)

    Hindi film screened at the United Nations: Lage Raho Munna Bhai, 10 November2006,directed by Rajkumar HiraniFirst Bhojpuri feature film to be featured in the Indian Panorama section at the International

    Film Festival of India: Deswa (2011)[14]

    First music record was recorded by Gauhar Jaan[15] singing a khayal in Raag Jogiya,[16]

    recorded on 2 November 1902, by Fred Gaisberg, assistant to Emile Berliner, the father of

    Gramophone record.[17]

    Governance