listening and listening assessment

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  • Listening and assessmentMore than just, Do you understand?

  • General Considerations

    Listening is not an isolated skill, but part of an integrated set needed for comprehension and overall learning.However, listening can be developed by attention to strategies and practise.Motivation has a high corollary effect in listening.

  • Listening in Real LifeWe listen for a purpose and with expectations.Most listening in real life requires a response.Visual clues usually accompany verbal messages.

    Environmental clues assist comprehension, in classroom this is usually visual aidsMost discourse occurs in chunksInformality colloquialisms, spontaneity, etc

  • Point is..We must strive to incorporate the real life into the classroom.Recorded texts with multiple choice response isnt real life10x and 10,000 hoursOur job is to provide venue and exposure

  • General thoughts..Sounds phonetic awareness is necessary for reading, spelling, speaking and listening. e.g. //, //Intonation in English has a few set patterns, but varies wildly. Focus on exposure, rather than teaching specificallyNoise it is not necessary to understand every iota of speech to be a successful listener.Predicting activate schemata and listening comprehension will go upVisual clues do not stress perfection

  • ExercisesRecordings (pro) Native speakerRepeatableStudents can focus on the soundsRecordings (con) Lacks real life visual cluesLacks real life spontaneity pauses, corrections, responses, deliberationsOften technical quality is badRecommend that recordings be part of a listening exercise unit

  • Exercises Part of a lesson, frequent, over timeSet up around tasks note taking (lecture type long speech), responses (agreement/disagreement), information gap (with ability to negotiate for info)Activate schemata

  • Listening for perceptionWord level Games involving phonemes (flyswatter game, categorise /)Which language is this?RepetitionTongue twisters (Fox in Socks)Rhyming play goes well with readingHow many times did I say X? Minimal pairs exercises

  • Sentence level RepetitionHow many words did I way?Mark the stressMark the intonationDictation spelling is not graded!!!Dictogloss -

  • Listening for comprehensionListening no responseFollow along in the text use a finger, best paired with reading exercisesListen to a description of picture/person, while students view the pictureStoryboards Read to themShow a movie/tv show

  • Listening short responseTPR Yes/no questionsBrick stacking colored bricks made into a pattern that needs to be reproduced by each student Classify students hear a list and mark one or the other categoryGap-fill map exercise, Gordon Lightfoot this is also a way to link culture into the classroom i.e. Popular music and poetrySports Scores Family trees

  • Listening longer responseLong gap fills (whole lines)Paraphrasing/summarisingPredictions Phrase: If I had a nickel..Intonation: She didnt wear a RED dress.Comprehension questions

  • Listening for StudyProblem-solvingJigsaw listeningMaybe conflicting versionsInterpretive listening Half of a phone conversationStylistic listening and analysisInterviewComedyPoetryAdvertisingIntegrated listenging listen to one point of view, read a text of the other, and compare and contrast the points of view

  • AssessmentCan you test listening?Assessment is the better term; we should assess how well our students understand spoken English, rather than test.In this case, any activity that we have mentioned could be used as an assessment tool the student succeeds when he or she successfully accomplishes the goal.Assessment should be on-going, it would be very easy to make one task high stakes without the children even knowing about it.

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