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Post on 23-Feb-2016
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DESCRIPTIONMonday: Tuesday: Wednesday: Thursday: Friday: Saturday: Sunday: . Wash Day Ironing Day Sewing Day Market Day Cleaning Day Baking Day Day of Rest. STEP ONE: Getting the Water. STEP TWO: Scrubbing the C lothes. “Modern” Washing Machines. Re-dying faded garments. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
By looking at this picture, can you tell me what day of the week it is?If you showed this to your grandparents, they would probably be able to tell you that it was Monday.Prior to the electric and automatic conveniences that we have today, housework took considerably longer than it does now. To make the load easier each day had its own task, and the week progressed in a logical way.Lets take a little trip into the clothes keeping methods of the early 1900s.
1Monday: Tuesday: Wednesday: Thursday: Friday: Saturday: Sunday: Wash DayIroning DaySewing DayMarket DayCleaning DayBaking DayDay of RestLaundry was very heavy work.You needed to be strong and have a great deal of stamina to get through the labour intensive laundry work. On Monday you were well rested from Sunday, so it was a good day to do the heavy work. The ironing and sewing that followed on Tuesday and Wednesday came in a logical order.It is important to remember that people owned a lot less clothing than they do today, two to three changes of clothes were norm.The clothes were all natural fibers though, so caring for them was difficult.2STEP ONE: Getting the Water
The first step of the laundry process is getting the water.Some people would be lucky to have a hand pump inside the house, but most would have to haul the water from a remote source.The water would have to be heated on the stove, and that would involve starting and maintaining either a wood or coal fire. 3STEP TWO: Scrubbing the Clothes
Laundry tubs and washboards were used to scrub the clothes.Handmade lye soap was used to get out the stains. The tub would then be emptied and refilled to rinse the soap from the clothes.4
Modern Washing MachinesIf you were lucky enough, and had enough disposable income you might be able to get a Modern washing machine.There are two in this picture, the barrel model in the front, and if you follow the floor boards back you can see another style that has a wringer attached.The clothes were put in the barrel with the water and soap. The barrel would then be rocked back and forth agitating the laundry. 5
Re-dying faded garmentsWhen clothes were faded or needing a new look, you could dye them in boiling water with powdered dyes added. The dyes werent colour-fast so clothes would need to be re-dyed often.6
STEP THREE: Wringing the ClothesAfter the washing, rinsing, and optional dying the clothes needed to be wrung out.You might be lucky enough to have this very heavy wringer to aid you in the work, other wise you will have to wring the clothes out by hand.The clothes would be put in one end between the rollers and then the wheel handle would be cranked to move the clothes through squeezing out the water. Great care would need to be taken with this machine, as fingers could be crushed with this very easily.
7STEP FOUR: Hanging the Clothes
Once the clothes were wrung out they would need to be hung to dry. Most often the clothes would be hung outside, but in bad weather they would need to be hung indoors.
8STEP FIVE: Blocking the Clothes
Woolen pieces would shrink during washing and would have to be blocked and stretched to maintain their shape.These are examples of sock and glove stretchers.At this point you would notice the holes in the sock and make a note to mend them on what day? Sew on Wednesday.9STEP SIX: Ironing the Clothes
There was a lot of work that went into ironing. Stoves would have to be heated with either wood or coal, and the irons would have to be heated on top. They got the name iron because they were made with heavy cast iron. Handles would be attached to them and they they would be used until they needed to be reheated again on the stove, which wouldnt be long.10
Pressing Special GarmentsSilk items, like ties, couldnt be washed or ironed.To keep them looking fresh, ties might be placed in a tie press to take out the winkles.
11Laundry around the World
Women did laundry this way for centuries around the world. The process may have differed slightly, notice the ironing method that they used in the Philippines in the early 1900s.Can you picture the amount of time and physical energy that it would take you to do laundry with out any of the conveniences that we have today?What would change in your clothes buying and wearing practices?12