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  • Prepared by

    RDG Planning & Design

    Kadrmas, Lee & Jackson

    Final - June 2010

    MOUNT RUSHMORE ROAD CORRIDOR DEVELOPMENT PLAN

  • 2 MOUNT RUSHMORE ROAD CORRIDOR PLAN

    CONSULTANT TEAM

    RDG PLANNiNG & DESiGNPatrick Dunn, ASLA, LEED AP Principal Landscape ArchitectMartin Shukert, FAICP Principal PlannerDavid DahlquistCory Scott, AICPRyan Peterson, ASLA, LEED APIsha BhattaraiBen IwenTommy ThurstonChristopher StaraPaul HuntSonja Carter

    KADRMAS, LEE & JACKSONBob Shannon, PE Principal Engineer & Project ManagerRod Senn, PEDavid Mayer, ASLADirk Jablonski, PEGabe Schell, EIT

    MAyORAlan Hanks

    CiTy COUNCiLMalcom ChapmanAaron CostelloKaren Gundersen-OlsonDeb HadcockSam KooikerRon KroegerLloyd LaCroixPatti MarinsonBill OkrepkieRon Weifenbach

    PLANNiNG COMMiSSiONPeter AndersonJohn BrewerGary BrownBarb CollinsFrank EtterJulie GreggTom HenniesDennis LandguthLinda MarchandSteve RolingerAndy ScullKaren Waltman

    RAPiD CiTy STAffMarcia Elkins,

    Growth Management Dept DirectorMonica Heller, Community Planning DivisionJohn Less

    STEERiNG COMMiTTEEGary BrownMarcia ElkinsRobert EllisKaren Gunderson-OlsonMonica HellerMark HoinesDebra JensenDr. Robin LacyNorman NelsonMike PellyBrad RemmrichSteve RollingerTodd SeamanDaniel StatonSuzanne Wilson

    ACK

    NO

    WLE

    DG

    EMEN

    TS

    This report was funded in part through grant[s] from the Federal Highway Administration [and Federal Transit Administration], U.S. Department of Transportation. The views and opinions of the authors [or agency] expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the U. S. Department of Transportation.

  • 3

    Table of Contents

    Page Chapter

    7 Planning Process

    11 Existing Conditions

    25 The Vision

    97 Implementing the Vision

  • 4 MOUNT RUSHMORE ROAD CORRIDOR PLAN

    The Mt. Rushmore Road Corridor Development Plan: An Introduction Mt. Rushmore Road (US Highway 16) is the traditional

    route connecting Rapid City to Mt. Rushmore National

    Memorial. Combined with the Interstate 190 spur, this

    corridor leads travelers directly from Interstate 90 to

    the Black Hills region via Downtown Rapid City, and re-

    mains a key business and service district for both resi-

    dents and tourists. Maintaining Mt. Rushmore Road as

    a strong and viable economic district is clearly impor-

    tant to businesses, adjacent neighborhoods, and the

    entire Rapid City community. Yet changes in the devel-

    opment, transportation, and economic environments

    require careful consideration of the image, function,

    and potential of this important streets and its setting.

    Some of these changes include:

    Completion of the Elk Vale Road/Catron Boulevard

    loop, providing an alternative, limited access con-

    nection between I-90 and US Highway 16 South

    around the southeast edge of the city.

    Intensive new commercial development along the

    I-90 corridor.

    Increased awareness of street design issues by us-

    ers and expectations by visitors that the regional

    experience should begin with gateway corridors.

    Continuing evolution in the commercial environ-

    ment that places local businesses and indepen-

    dent motels at a competitive disadvantage rela-

    tive to motel/hotel chains and nationally-branded

    retailers.

    Land use pressures on residential properties along

    the street, resulting in conversion or redevelop-

    ment to other uses and deterioration of housing

    conditions in some places.

    Emerging new opportunities such as medical and

    health related development related to Rapid City

    Regional Hospital.

    Functional obsolescence or conflicts created by

    aspects of current street configuration, including

    pedestrian access, friction between through and

    local traffic, and conflicting turning movements.

    The Mt. Rushmore Road Corridor Development Plan

    presents a community-based program, initiated by the

    city and stakeholders, to re-imagine this important en-

    vironment and consider its potential as an important

    asset well into the future.

    Why ThiS PLAN?

    Streets have multiple, complex functions. They are

    fundamentally transportation facilities that should help

    their diverse users reach their destinations safely and

    efficiently. But they are also major public spaces that

    affect the visual and experiential quality of a city, and

    economic lifelines for adjacent businesses. Streets also

    can have unintended negative consequences, such as

    becoming barriers that reduce access for some users

    or generating noise and traffic impacts that lower sur-

    rounding property values.

    In the past, Mt. Rushmore Road, as the major arterial

    between the city and its unique countryside, has been

    an opportunity corridor. Its future can be equally com-

    pelling if it provides a high quality urban environment

    that integrates the transportation, development, visu-

    al, and neighborhood contexts. This plan is a guide to

    realizing that potential.

  • 5THE PLANNING PROCESS

    ThE STUDy AREA

    Map 1.1 identifies the project study area within the

    context of the Rapid City. The study area recognizes

    the relationship between Mt. Rushmore Road and its

    surrounding neighborhoods by extending four blocks

    on either side of the corridor from Omaha Street to

    Tower Road, incorporating most of the West Boulevard

    Historic District. The plan considers both the function

    and character of the main corridor and its effects on

    the health and quality its environs.

    ThE STRUCTURE Of ThE PLAN

    The Mt. Rushmore Road Corridor Development Plan is

    divided into four parts:

    Part One presents the plans overall approach and

    describes a process that invited the involvement

    of community members.

    Part Two describes the existing conditions and

    contexts of Mt. Rushmore Road, fundamental to

    developing an appropriate plan for the corridors

    future.

    Part Three presents a unifying vision and devel-

    opment framework for the corridor and surround-

    ing areas.

    Part Four describes techniques for implementing

    the plans concepts and recommendations.

    Sour

    ce: R

    apid

    City

    , RD

    G P

    lann

    ing

    & D

    esign

    , 200

    8

    Map 1.2: Study Area Detail

    Rapid City Mt.

    Rus

    hmor

    e Ro

    ad

    Wes

    t B

    oule

    vard

    Omaha StreetMain StreetSt. Joseph Street

    St. Patrick Street

    Cathedral Drive

  • 6 MOUNT RUSHMORE ROAD CORRIDOR PLAN

    This page was intentionally left blank.

  • 7THE PLANNING PROCESS

    CH

    APT

    ER 1

    The Mt. Rushmore Road Corridor Development Plan involved stakeholders in framing the goals and directions of the Plan. This chapter includes a discussion of the plans approach and a review of the planning process.

    The Planning Process

  • 8 MOUNT RUSHMORE ROAD CORRIDOR PLAN

    tions between higher and lower intensity uses can help

    the busy commercial corridor co-exist with its distinc-

    tive, adjacent historic district. Finally, the relationship

    of buildings to the street helps determine the quality of

    the corridors environment.

    Roadway Improvement Alternatives. Mt. Rushmore

    Road as a transportation facility should serve all modes

    effectively, and the plan takes a complete street ap-

    proach for the overall study area. This approach as-

    sumes that movement throughout the study area and

    to its destinations be safe and comfortable for all trans-

    portation user groups motorists, transit riders, bicy-

    clists, and pedestrians. The process begins with a

    detailed traffic analysis that considers existing

    patterns and defines future needs, and then

    integrates transportation system design at

    both large and small scales into the

    visual and development

    environment.

    Planning ApproachThe Mt. Rushmore Road Corridor Development Plan is

    based on the premise that an economically healthy, ef-

    ficient, and visually appealing corridor will benefit the

    entire Rapid City community. Within the last five years,

    this major community street has experienced both new

    investment and deterioration, and its tourist-orient-

    ed businesses are experiencing growing competition

    from other districts. This plan recommends develop-

    ment concepts and public actions that, over time, will

    create more attractive commercial and residential en-

    vironments for current and prospective residents and

    businesses. This is achieved by integrating three ma-

    jor components of the study area environment: Land

    Use, Roadway Improvements, and Streetscape and

    Landscape.

    Future Land Use. Mt. Rushmore Road serves a vari-

    ety of adjacent land uses and reflects varied character

    through its length. Land uses along the street and in

    the surrounding study area were evaluated based on

    markets and established City goals. Future land uses

    will probably not change dramatically from past pat-

    terns commercial and mixed use development along

    most of the street and residential uses in surrounding

    areas. However, change will be most controversial and

    critical at the boundaries where these uses meet. Issues

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