oedipus the king also known as “oedipus rex” or “oedipus tyrannus” by sophocles 430 bc

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Oedipus the King Oedipus the King also known as also known as “Oedipus Rex” or “Oedipus “Oedipus Rex” or “Oedipus Tyrannus” Tyrannus” By Sophocles By Sophocles 430 BC 430 BC

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Page 1: Oedipus the King also known as “Oedipus Rex” or “Oedipus Tyrannus” By Sophocles 430 BC

Oedipus the KingOedipus the Kingalso known as also known as

“Oedipus Rex” or “Oedipus Tyrannus”“Oedipus Rex” or “Oedipus Tyrannus”

By SophoclesBy Sophocles

430 BC430 BC

Page 2: Oedipus the King also known as “Oedipus Rex” or “Oedipus Tyrannus” By Sophocles 430 BC

Classical Greek Drama:Classical Greek Drama:

Developed from religious festivals to Developed from religious festivals to please and worship the Greek god, please and worship the Greek god,

DionysusDionysus

Page 3: Oedipus the King also known as “Oedipus Rex” or “Oedipus Tyrannus” By Sophocles 430 BC

Theatres:Theatres:

Almost all were built Almost all were built into hillsides as into hillsides as amphitheatres that amphitheatres that could seat fourteen could seat fourteen thousand people!thousand people!

Page 4: Oedipus the King also known as “Oedipus Rex” or “Oedipus Tyrannus” By Sophocles 430 BC
Page 5: Oedipus the King also known as “Oedipus Rex” or “Oedipus Tyrannus” By Sophocles 430 BC

The seats partially The seats partially enclosed the enclosed the orchestra.orchestra.

The orchestra was The orchestra was the area in which the the area in which the chorus chorus chanted lines chanted lines and danced.and danced.

The chorus consisted The chorus consisted of a dozen or so of a dozen or so men.men.

Page 6: Oedipus the King also known as “Oedipus Rex” or “Oedipus Tyrannus” By Sophocles 430 BC

The chorus is both a The chorus is both a participant and participant and observer of the observer of the

action. It is often action. It is often used to clarify the used to clarify the

play for the audienceplay for the audience

Page 7: Oedipus the King also known as “Oedipus Rex” or “Oedipus Tyrannus” By Sophocles 430 BC

ThespiansThespians

A guy named Thespis A guy named Thespis first came up with the first came up with the idea to have single idea to have single actors on the stageactors on the stage

This is why actors today This is why actors today are known as are known as thespians.thespians.

Eventually three actors Eventually three actors would play all roles (still would play all roles (still all men!)all men!)

Page 8: Oedipus the King also known as “Oedipus Rex” or “Oedipus Tyrannus” By Sophocles 430 BC

Because the Because the amphitheatres were so amphitheatres were so huge, actors wore masks huge, actors wore masks for facialfor facial expressions expressions

They were also to help They were also to help project their voices through project their voices through the cone-like openings.the cone-like openings.

Page 9: Oedipus the King also known as “Oedipus Rex” or “Oedipus Tyrannus” By Sophocles 430 BC

Masks…Masks…

Page 10: Oedipus the King also known as “Oedipus Rex” or “Oedipus Tyrannus” By Sophocles 430 BC

Greek TragedyGreek Tragedy

In literature, a In literature, a tragedytragedy presents presents courageous and courageous and dignified individuals dignified individuals who are faced with who are faced with failure, defeat or failure, defeat or even deatheven death

Page 11: Oedipus the King also known as “Oedipus Rex” or “Oedipus Tyrannus” By Sophocles 430 BC

Terms to know:Terms to know:

Protagonist:Protagonist: the leading character in a the leading character in a literary workliterary work

AntagonistAntagonist: one who opposes the main : one who opposes the main charactercharacter

**In Greek tragedy, the protagonist is **In Greek tragedy, the protagonist is someone regarded as extraordinary someone regarded as extraordinary rather than typical, a great man or rather than typical, a great man or woman brought from happiness to agony.woman brought from happiness to agony.

Page 12: Oedipus the King also known as “Oedipus Rex” or “Oedipus Tyrannus” By Sophocles 430 BC

Tragic Flaw:Tragic Flaw: a character flaw that causes a character flaw that causes the downfall of the protagonist – the downfall of the protagonist –

-- could be an excess of pride (called -- could be an excess of pride (called hubris), ambition, passion, anything that hubris), ambition, passion, anything that brings him down.brings him down.

Page 13: Oedipus the King also known as “Oedipus Rex” or “Oedipus Tyrannus” By Sophocles 430 BC

Hamartia: a mistake or error in Hamartia: a mistake or error in judgement, usually made by the judgement, usually made by the protagonist, that brings about his or her protagonist, that brings about his or her downfalldownfall

For example, the hero For example, the hero might attempt to achieve might attempt to achieve a certain objective X; by a certain objective X; by making an error in making an error in judgment, however, the judgment, however, the hero instead achieves hero instead achieves the opposite of X, with the opposite of X, with disastrous disastrous consequences. consequences.

Page 14: Oedipus the King also known as “Oedipus Rex” or “Oedipus Tyrannus” By Sophocles 430 BC

Irony: Irony: when one thing is expected when one thing is expected and and

another occursanother occurs

Dramatic IronyDramatic Irony: the : the meaning of a meaning of a character’s words or character’s words or actions is understood actions is understood by the audience but by the audience but not the characternot the character

Page 15: Oedipus the King also known as “Oedipus Rex” or “Oedipus Tyrannus” By Sophocles 430 BC

And on to…And on to…

Sophocles’ Sophocles’

““Oedipus the King”!Oedipus the King”!