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OneSteel Handbook

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  • Third Edition

    Hot Rolled and Structural Steel Products

    Hot Rolled Cat OURS 9/1/04 7:32 AM Page 1

  • Introduction 2

    AvailabilityStructural Steel Sections 2Rail Products 4Merchant Bar Sections 6

    Dimensions and Design InformationWelded Beams 8Welded Columns 10Universal Beams 12Universal Columns 14Tapered Flange Beams 16Parallel Flange Channels 17Universal Bearing Piles 18Equal Angles 19Unequal Angles 22Rails 25

    Standard SpecificationsStructural Steel Sections 26Rail Products 28Merchant Bar Sections 28

    Customer Technical Service 30

    HOT ROLLED AND STRUCTURALSTEEL PRODUCTS

    C O N T E N T S

    Hot Rolled Cat OURS 9/1/04 7:32 AM Page 2

  • 2 HRSSP 3rd Ed. December 2003

    OneSteel is Australia's premier long products steelcompany and is comprised of three Australianbusiness groups. OneSteel Market Mills OneSteel Distribution OneSteel Whyalla Steelworks

    This booklet is produced by OneSteel Market Mills andis intended to provide general information on a rangeof hot rolled and structural steel products. Thefollowing text will refer to OneSteel Market Mills asOneSteel.

    I N T R O D U C T I O N

    A V A I L A B I L I T Y

    OneSteel Market Mills also markets a range of largeWelded Product Structural Steel sections. Thesesections are welded from plate and are manufacturedin accordance with Australian Standard AS/NZS3679.2:1996 Structural Steel - Welded I Sections.

    Grade Availability300PLUS Steel is the standard grade manufacturedfor Welded Products. 300PLUS welded products areproduced to exceed the minimum requirements ofAS/NZS 3679.2:1996 grade 300.

    A higher grade option of AS/NZS 3679.2:1996 grade400 is also available.

    Other grades are subject to enquiry and this should bedirected to your nearest OneSteel Sales Office.

    Length AvailabilityLengths are available from a minimum of 6 metres toa maximum of 30 metres. Table 1 indicates thestandard lengths produced.

    Welded Products

    Structural Steel Sections

    Hot Rolled Structural Steel sections produced byOneSteel are manufactured in accordance with therequirements of Australian Standard AS/NZS3679.1:1996 Structural Steel - Hot Rolled Bars andSections.

    Grade Availability300PLUS Steel is the standard grade manufacturedby OneSteel for hot rolled Structural Steel Sections.

    300PLUS Steel for hot rolled products is produced toexceed the minimum requirements of AS/NZS3679.1:1996 grade 300.

    Other grades including 300PLUSL0, AS/NZS 3679.1-350 and AS/NZS 3679.1-350L0 may also be availabledepending on the section and quantity required. Forfurther information contact your nearest OneSteelSales Office (Contact details on page 30) .

    Length AvailabilityThe majority of Structural Steel Sections produced byOneSteel are available in standard length and bundleconfigurations. We would recommend that attentionbe given to the standard lengths produced byOneSteel as they are more readily available than otherlengths. Table 1 indicates the standard lengthsproduced by OneSteel in Structural Steel Sections. Forother lengths (including those in excess of 18 metres)please contact your nearest OneSteel Sales Office forfurther details (Contact details on page 30).

    Hot Rolled Products

    Hot Rolled Cat OURS 9/1/04 7:32 AM Page 2

  • 3HRSSP 3rd Ed. December 2003

    A V A I L A B I L I T Y

    Taper Flange Beams125 TFB, 100 TFBParallel Flange Channels380 PFC, 300 PFC250 PFC230 PFC, 200 PFC, 180 PFC, 150 PFC125 PFC, 100 PFC, 75 PFCEqual Angles200 EA, 150 EA, 125 EA100 EA, 90 EA, 75 EA65 EA, 55 EA, 50 EA, 45 EA, 40 EA **30 EA, 25 EAUnequal Angles150 x 100 UA,150 x 90 UA125 x 75 UA, 100 x 75 UA75 x 50 UA 65 x 50 UA

    The Section/Length combination is available in Standard Bundle configurations.

    * By enquiry - Delivery to Capital cities only.

    ** Certain thicknesses may not be available in both lengths, confirm availability with a OneSteel Market Mills Sales Office

    Table 1 Standard Lengths

    Section Length (m) 7.5 9.0 10.5 12.0 13.5 15.0 16.5 18.0 20.0*

    Welded Sections1200 WB, 1000 WB, 900 WB, 800 WB, 700 WB500 WC, 400 WC, 350 WCUniversal Beams610 UB, 530 UB, 460 UB, 410 UB, 360 UB310 UB 46.2, 40.4310 UB 32.0250 UB200 UB 29.8, 25.4, 22.3200 UB 18.2180 UB, 150 UBUniversal Columns310 UC 158, 137, 118310 UC 96.8250 UC200 UC, 150 UC100 UC

    Hot Rolled Cat OURS 9/1/04 7:32 AM Page 3

  • 4 HRSSP 3rd Ed. December 2003

    Rail Products

    Rails

    The majority of rails manufactured by OneSteel in Whyalla areproduced to AS 1085.1 Railway Track Material Part 1 SteelRails.

    Table 38 page 28 lists the various rail sections produced at Whyallatogether with the conforming standard. For dimensional details see Table 31 page 25.

    Length standard length available for AS68kg rail is 25m, for allother rails standard lengths are 12.19 m, 13.72 m and 27.5 m.

    Drilling rails can be supplied drilled or undrilled.

    Head Hardened Rails

    Where rail wear, plastic flow of the rail head, corrugation or railfatigue defects are reducing rail life it is recommended that OneSteelhead hardened rail be specified. Available test data indicate adoubling of rail life will occur. Head hardened rail is available in50 kg/m, 60 kg/m and 68 kg/m sizes.

    Some situations where heavier and more expensive cranerail is specified can also be handled with high strength headhardened rail.

    For further information on rail products contact:

    Rail Sales & Marketing Office - OneSteel Whyalla Steelworks

    (Refer to Page 30)

    Depth of heat treatment and hardness gradient as per AS 1085.1-2002Dimensions (mm) a. 15 Min. 23 Max.Dimensions (mm) b. 20 Min. 35 Max. for 50 kg RailDimensions (mm) b. 25 Min. 40 Max. for 60 kg and 68 kg Rail

    Table 2 Hardness Limits (Vickers Diamond Pyramid Numeral)

    Location Hardness HV30Position C 430 Max.Along Transverse 1 430 Max. at any point.

    360 Min. at 10 mm from rail surface.Along Transverse 2 430 Max. at any point.

    340 Min. at 10 mm from rail surface.

    Chemical CompositionThe steel is produced by the basic oxygen method, continuously cast.The steel cast analysis is within the limits shown in Table 38 Page 28

    A V A I L A B I L I T Y

    Hot Rolled Cat OURS 9/1/04 7:32 AM Page 4

  • 5HRSSP 3rd Ed. December 2003

    Steel Sleeper Sections

    OneSteel produces rolled sections at the Whyalla Works whichare used in the manufacture of steel sleepers.

    The mainline M section is available in a range of thicknessesvarying from 6.5 mm to 10 mm. These steel sleeper sections maybe used for turnout bearers.

    Details of these sections may be obtained from the Rail Sales &Markerting Office (Refer to Page 30).

    Table 3 Mainline Sleepers

    Designation Mass WebThickness

    kg/m mmM10 26.2 10.0M8.5 23.1 8.5M7.5 21.1 7.5M6.5 19.5 6.7

    A V A I L A B I L I T Y

    160

    6.7,

    7.5

    , 8.5

    or 1

    0

    97.2

    , 98,

    99

    or 1

    00.5

    236

    Hot Rolled Cat OURS 9/1/04 7:32 AM Page 5

  • 6 HRSSP 3rd Ed. December 2003

    Table 5 Squares Size Availability and Mass

    Thickness (mm) Mass (kg/m)10* 0.79012 1.1316 2.0120 3.1425 4.9140 12.5

    A V A I L A B I L I T Y

    Merchant Bar Sections

    Rounds, Squares, Flats and Hexagons

    AvailabilityMerchant bar rounds, squares, flats and hexagons areavailable in a variety of steel grades and sizes.

    Due to process limitations not all grades are available in allsizes. For new applications we recommend you confirmproduct availability with a OneSteel Sales Office at an earlystage of design. Other specifications and sizes may also beavailable on enquiry.

    SpecificationsMerchant bar sections are available in the followingstandards:

    300PLUS and AS/NZS 3679.1Structural Steel-Hot Rolled Bars and Sections.

    AS 1442Carbon Steels and Carbon Manganese Steels-Hot Rolled Bars and Semifinished Products.

    AS 1444Wrought Alloy Steels Standard, Hardenability (H) Seriesand Hardened and Tempered to Designated MechanicalProperties.

    AS 1447Hot-Rolled Spring Steels.

    OneSteel grades (based on AISI-SAE nomenclature).

    Table 4 Rounds Size Availability and Mass

    Diameter (mm) Mass (kg/m)10 0.61612 0.88713 1.0414 1.2115 1.3916 1.5817 1.7818 1.9919 2.2320 2.4621 2.7222 2.9824 3.5526 4.1727 4.4930 5.5532 6.3133 6.7136 7.9939 9.3842 10.945 12.548 14.250 15.456 19.360 22.265 26.075 34.780 39.590 49.9

    Table 7 Flats Size Availability and Mass (kg/m)

    Width Thickness (mm)(mm) 5 6 8 10 12 16 20 25 40 5020 1.5725 0.981 1.18 1.57 1.96 2.3632 1.26 1.51 2.01 2.51 3.0140 1.57 1.88 2.51 3.14 3.77 5.02 6.2850 1.96 2.36 3.14 3.93 4.71 6.28 7.85 9.8165 2.55 3.06 4.08 5.10 6.12 8.16 10.275 2.94 3.53 4.71 5.89 7.07 9.42 11.8 14.7 23.690 4.24 5.65 7.07 8.48

    100 3.93 4.71 6.28 7.85 9.42 12.6 15.7 19.6 39.3110 5.18 6.91 8.64 10.4130 5.10 6.12 8.16 10.2 12.2 16.3 20.4 25.5150 5.89 7.07 9.42 11.8 14.1 18.8 23.6 29.4 58.9180 8.48 14.1 17.0 28.3200 9.42 12.6 15.7 18.8 25.1 31.4 39.3250 11.8 15.7 19.6 23.6300 14.1 18.8 23.6 28.3

    Table 6 Hexagons Size Availability and Mass

    Size (mm) Mass (kg/m)20 2.7225 4.2530 6.1237.5 9.5639.5 10.644 13.247.5 15.349 16.353.5 19.557.5 22.563 27.0

    Standard Length: 6 Metres* Confirm availability withsales office.

    Standard Length: 6 Metres

    Standard Length: 6 Metres

    Standard Length: 6 Metres

    Hot Rolled Cat OURS 9/1/04 7:32 AM Page 6

  • 7HRSSP 3rd Ed. December 2003

    A V A I L A B I L I T Y

    Table 8 Merchant Bar Sections - Regular Grades

    Steel Type Standard Grades AvailableStructural Steels

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