pakfaizal.web.id proudly presents introduction to poetry

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  • Slide 1
  • pakfaizal.web.id proudly presents Introduction to Poetry
  • Slide 2
  • Poetry is the most misunderstood form of writing. It is also arguably the purest form of writing. Poetry is a sense of the beautiful; characterized by a love of beauty and expressing this through words. Poetry is not easily defined. Often it takes the form of verse, but not all poetry has this structure. Poetry is a creative use of words which, like all art, is intended to stir an emotion in the audience. Poetry generally has some structure that separates it from prose.
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  • Robert Frost's The Road Not Taken Two roads diverged in a yellow wood, And sorry I could not travel both And be one traveler, long I stood And looked down one as far as I could To where it bent in the undergrowth; Then took the other, as just as fair, And having perhaps the better claim Because it was grassy and wanted wear, Though as for that the passing there Had worn them really about the same,
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  • And both that morning equally lay In leaves no step had trodden black. Oh, I marked the first for another day! Yet knowing how way leads on to way I doubted if I should ever come back. I shall be telling this with a sigh Somewhere ages and ages hence: Two roads diverged in a wood, and I, I took the one less traveled by, And that has made all the difference.
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  • Morning is a new sheet of paper for you to write on. Whatever you want to say, all day, until night folds it up and files it away. The bright words and the dark words are gone until dawn and a new day to write on. Eve Merriams metaphor
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  • A PRAYER ALLAH, we thank Thee for the night And for the pleasant morning light For rest and food and loving care, And all that makes the world so fair. Help us to do the things we should, To be to others kind and good. In all we do, in all we say, To grow more loving everyday.
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  • ALLAH Say, Allah is ONE, Like HIM there is none. No son or daughter has HE, Nor born to any is HE. All things bright and beautiful, All creatures so, so wonderful. All things, big and small, Allah alone made them all.
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  • Some important elements of poetry are: 1.Figurative language 2.Imagery 3.Rhythm 4.Rhyme and alliteration 5.Forms of poetry 6.tone Elements of poetry
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  • O my love, is like a red, red rose, Thats newly sprung in June. O my love is like the melody Thats sweetly played in tune. (Robert Burns) Simile a comparison made between two objects of different kinds which have, however, at least one point in common (Wren & Martin, 1981:480). The words indicating simile are: like, as, so, appear, seem and more than.
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  • Emily Dickinsons There is no frigate like a book There is no frigate like a book To take us lands away, Nor any coursers like a page Of prancing poetry: Note: frigate=kapal perang gerak cepat, courses=kuda2 pelari cepat, prancing=berjingkrak2.
  • Slide 11
  • Metaphor is an implied simile. It does not, like the simile, state one thing is like another or acts as another, but takes that for granted and proceeds as if two things were one (Wren & Martin 1981:489). Robert Herricks a meditation for his mistress (kekasih). You are a tulip seen today But, dearest, of so short a stay (tak berumur panjang) That were you grow scarce man can say You are a lovely July-Flower, Yet one rude wind or ruffling shower (hujan gerimis yang mengganggu) Will force you hence, and in an hour.
  • Slide 12
  • Personification is the attribution of personal nature or character to inanimate objects or abstract entities. 1.The old train crept along the narrow path 2.Flames ate the house 3.That leaves look pale, dreading (takut oleh)the winters near (Shakespeare)
  • Slide 13
  • Apostrophe figure of speech in which some absent or nonexistent person or thing is addressed in a dialogue or conversation as if present and capable of understanding. John Donnes Holy Sonnet Death, be not proud, though some have called thee (you) Mighty and dreadful, for you art(are) not so..
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  • Hyperbola Is a statement which is made emphatic by overstatement. 1.why, man, if the River were dry, I am able to fill it with tears. 2.For a falling in love couple the attack of tsunami is just like a splash of water. 3.All the perfumes of Arabia will not sweeten the smell of bloods in this little hand.
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  • Paradox An apparent contradiction that is nevertheless somehow true (Perrine :1974:649) e.g.: 1.and death shall be no more: death thou shall die 2. The worlds laziest workaholic. 3.Silent scream
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  • 1.He has many mouth to feed ia memberi makan banyak mulut 2.A hundred wings(birds) flashed by. Synecdoche Is a part is used to designate the whole.
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  • Symbol Something that means more than what it is (Perrine: 1974:628) Stopping By Woods on a Snowy Evening Whose woods these are I think I know. His house is in the village though; He will not see me stopping here To watch his woods fill up with snow. My little horse must think it queer To stop without a farmhouse near Between the woods and frozen lake The darkest evening of the year.
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  • He gives his harness bells a shake To ask if there is some mistake. The only other sound's the sweep Of easy wind and downy flake. The woods are lovely, dark and deep. But I have promises to keep, And miles to go before I sleep, And miles to go before I sleep. Note: *harness=pakaian kuda
  • Slide 19
  • Basic elements of Rhythm 1.Syllable (suku kata) 2.Foot (pola syllable) 3.Verse (verse) 4.Stanza (bait)
  • Slide 20
  • Syllable One syllable: I, go Two syllables: sym-bol, slen-der Three syllables: yes-ter-day, re-vol-ver Elements of syllable recitation: Loudness (keras-lembut suara) Duration (panjang-pendek suara) e.g: I will neeeeeeeever do it again. It soooooo awesome! It read it whoooooooooole night Timbre (kualitas suara)
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  • a.Monometer U ------ Good night, U ----- Fair one; U ------ The day U ----- Is done
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  • b. Dimeter U --- U _____ Give me one word ----- U ------- And no more; U ---- U ----- If so be, this ------ U ------- Makes you poor,
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  • c. Trimeter U --- U ----- U ---- U When I was one and twen- ty U ---- U ----- U ------- I heard a wise man say, U ----- U ------ U ----- U Give crowns and pounds and gui neas U ----- U ----- U ------ But not your heart a- way
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  • d. Tetrameter U ---- U ---- U ------ U ------ Some say the world will end in fire U ----- U ---------- Some say in ice U ----- U ---- ------ U ------ U ------- From what I ve tes ted of de-sire U --- U ---- I hold with those who fa vour fire
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  • e. Pentameter U ---- U ---- U ---- U ----- U ----- That time of year thou mayst in me behold U --- U ---- U ---- U ----- U ------ When ye llow leaves, or none, or few, do hang U --- U --- U ---- U --- U ---- Upon those boughs which shake againts the cold, U --- U --- U ---- U ---- U --- Bare ruin - ed choirs where late the sweet birds sang
  • Slide 29
  • The basic unit of poetry is the line. It serves the same function as the sentence in prose, although most poetry maintains the use of grammar within the structure of the poem. Most poems have a structure in which each line contains a set amount of syllables; this is called meter. Lines are also often grouped into stanzas. The stanza in poetry is equivalent or equal to the paragraph in prose. Often the lines in a stanza will have a specific rhyme scheme. Some of the more common stanzas are: Couplet: a two line stanza Triplet: a three line stanza Quatrain: a four line stanza Cinquain: a five line stanza
  • Slide 30
  • Meter is the measured arrangement of words in poetry, the rhythmic pattern of a stanza, determined by the kind and number of lines. Meter is an organized way to arrange stressed/accented syllables and unstressed/unaccented syllables. Whose woods / these are / I think /I know
  • Slide 31
  • Rhyme is when the endings of the words sound the same. Read the poem with me out loud. Dust of Snow by Robert Frost The way a crow Shook down on me The dust of snow From a hemlock tree Has given my heart A change of mood And save some part Of a day I had rued.
  • Slide 32
  • Rhyme scheme is the pattern of rhyming words at the end of each line. Not all poetry has a rhyme scheme. They are not hard to identify, but you must look carefully at which words rhyme and which do not. Dust of Snow by Robert Frost The way a crow Shook down on me The dust of snow From a hemlock tree Has given my heart A change of mood And save some part Of a day I had rued. A B A B C D C D Poems of more than one stanza often repeat the same rhyme scheme in each stanza.
  • Slide 33
  • Repetition is the repeating of a sound, word, or phrase for emphasis. Inside Inside the house (I get ready) Inside the car (I go to school) Inside the school (I wait for the bell to ring)
  • Slide 34
  • Whenever you describe something by comparing it with something else, you are using figurative language. Figurative language

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