purposeful activities

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For: Foundations of Community Vitality Workshop and/or Resource Packet. Presented By: Steve Grabow, Professor and Community Development Educator UW-Extension, Jefferson County Office Nathan Sandwick, Instructor and Community Development Educator UW-Extension, Portage County Office. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • For:Foundations of Community Vitality Workshopand/or Resource PacketPresented By:Steve Grabow, Professor and Community Development EducatorUW-Extension, Jefferson County Office

    Nathan Sandwick, Instructor and Community Development EducatorUW-Extension, Portage County OfficeResource:Catherine Neiswender, Professor and Community Development EducatorUW-Extension, Winnebago County Office

    Connie Abert, Associate Professor and Youth Development EducatorUW-Extension, Waupaca County Office DRAFT 7/31/14

  • For every action there is a purpose

  • Purpose means intent, Activities are the behaviors connected with the intent

  • Why?Lets face it. People call you when they have problems.One role we can play is to help them focus on the right problemUnderstanding the 5 purposeful activities as a useful frameworkfor problem solving

  • Whatisaproblem?

  • What is a problem?Something that causes a concernSubstantive aspect and a values aspectA problem is not objective. It has a substantive aspect (type of problem) and a values aspectExample:Q: What is the issue?A: Vegetation; water levels; childhood obesity, no money etc etc etc

  • Problem taxonomyProblem typology e.g. finance, personnel, marketing, manufacturing, product development etc.Solution-finding method e.g. management by objectives, systems approach, XYZ processAnalytical Technique e.g. linear programming, cost-benefit analysis, statistical inferences

  • Problem-solving optionsDo nothingChance Affective Rational PositivismReductionismCult of the expertDeterminismTotal approach

  • Purposeful ActivitiesEach Purposeful Activity has a unique approachApproach meansEach Purposeful Activity may relate to a type of systemNo Purposeful Activity is better than another Purposeful Activityappropriateness of use is the issue

  • 5 purposeful activitiesOperating and Supervising - manage and lead solutions or systemsPlanning and Design - create or restructure a situations through specific solutions or systemsResearch - search for generalizations, causes and hypothesisEvaluation - evaluate performance of solutions and activitiesLearn - gain skills and knowledge(other activities Nadler mentions -survival and experience leisure)

  • Learning as a Purposeful ActivityThe process of acquiring:knowledge, skills, attitudes, or values, Howthrough study, experiencing, or teaching, Results that are persistent, measurable and specifiedchange of behavior or formulate a new mental construct or revise a prior mental construct conceptual knowledge such as attitudes or values23

  • Research as a Purposeful ActivityBasic research fundamental or pure researchprimary purpose the advancement of knowledgetheoretical understanding of the relations among variables. exploratory driven by curiosity, interest or hunchwithout a practical end in mindcan have unexpected results that point to practical applicationsbasic or fundamental research indicate that, through theory generation, basic research provides the foundation for further, often applied research.

    Applied research solves specific, practical questionsnot to gain knowledge for its own sakeoften descriptive, but can be exploratoryalmost always on a basis of basic research. 24

  • Planning & Design as a Purposeful ActivityCreating or modifying any systemPlans or designs that focus on a desired end stateImplementation or action plans intended methods of getting from one set of circumstances to another (objectives or goals)Present situationNew opportunities25

  • Evaluation as a Purposeful ActivityThe process of examining one or more activitiesAssessment plus value judgmentsstatistics merit and worth.ExamplesProgram evaluation fulfill its purposemeet its objectives and goalsexpected outcomes achievedunexpected consequencesSystem process performance performing according to expectations and Performing according to specificationsProblem areasUses: accountability, testing, continuing change & improvement, etc.26

  • Operating and Supervising as a Purposeful ActivityThe process of leading and guidingformal or informalcarrying out the day-to-day functionsenable the fulfillment of purposeexamples - Department head, Government committee chair, Non-Profit Organization executive director, Project director/coordinator, Small business owner, Farm manager, Extension administratorMajor factorsleadership development and organizational development27

  • How do the purposeful activities fit in with what we do?Break into small groupsIn envelope are a variety of taskMatch them with purposeful activity headings on the handoutFill in other spaces as time allows

  • Familiar/common tools, skills, and approaches

    Assure self-preservation and survival of the species1. Operating/Supervising an existing System2. Planning and Design creating or re-designing a situation-specific solution3. Search for Generalizations and Causes (Research)4. Evaluate the performance of solutions or other activities5. Gain Skills and knowledge (learn)Experience Leisure

  • Factors to a total approach

  • Pursuing a StrategyMethod of operationsPrinciplesCourse of actionProcess

  • Pursuing strategies for each Purposeful ActivityLearningResearchPlanning and DesignOperating and Supervising Evaluating

  • Learning StrategyDetermine, awareness levels, learning objectives desiredPlan sequence of learningPlan delivery of learningImplement learning plan

  • Research StrategyIdentify phenomena of interestAssimilate informationFormulate hypothesisConduct testsDetermine implications

  • Planning & Design StrategyClarify purposeDesign the planning structureGenerate solution ideasSynthesis solution optionsFlesh out ideasGain approval

  • Operating and Supervising StrategyBecome familiar with norms, values and objectives of the systemObtain needed resources to manage the systemEstablish performance measuresOperate the system. Control, delegate, lead, motivate etc

  • Evaluating StrategyIdentify intended use of evaluation dataIdentify relevant questions and measuresDevelop methods for obtaining dataObtain, analyze data and use it for intended purpose

  • Primary and Supporting Strategies

  • Specifying SolutionsPrescribing a format for resultsDetails to be understood by allFramework Factors, properties, attributes and interrelationshipsSystem ConceptStructures are different for purposeful activities

  • Involving PeopleStakeholder buy-inInformedCreativityvarious alternatives Subjective feedback

    Variety of opportunitiesParticipantsParticular step

  • Using informationSources-Professional literature studies, raw data past experiences and expertsResearch and learning current and past infoPlanning and design predict the future status or consequences of changes

  • Arranging for Continual ChangeChange is inevitable with any solutionPrepare for future changeImprovement for long term growthStructure Periodic review auditEnvironmental opportunitiesEvaluation adjustmentsImplementable solutions - challenges

  • Skills and ToolsSkills knowledge, experience & behaviorWhat to do, why, how, when and where to do itTools something used in performing an operation (eg Quality Toolkit)

  • Skills and Tools

    1. Operating/ Supervising an existing System

    Team building2. Planning and Design creating or re-designing a situation-specific solution

    Strategic Planning3. Search for Generalizations and Causes (Research)

    Community Based Research

    4. Evaluate the performance of solutions or other activities

    Program evaluations pre-post tests etc5. Gain Skills and knowledge (learn)

    Peer LearningExperience Leisure

    Fill in your favorite activity here

  • RolesCompetent professionalUnderstand start to finishUtilize skills and toolsReady with alternativeExpected and connected behaviors associated with our positionsAgreed upon roles planner, leader, evaluator

    But have you ever been asked by a group/community to help them do something and they dont (havent identified) or know their purpose?

    Better Not to downplay the spiritual aspects of this quote, but when working with groups/communities it might be better to say For every action there should be a purpose (eg purpose should come first, before action)

    *Purpose brings content and concern into

    what is to be done, Activity what (Purpose) is to be done and how (Activity)-accomplished*Talking points:Why is it useful to understand the 5 purposeful activitiesEstablishing that humans are involved in different purposeful activities leads to the notion that each activity type requires a different solution-finding approach. The mind-set and methods for each will be essentially different. (page 14). In other words, there are may reasons people call, each of which likely needs a different response. We cannot view other peoples problems through the lenses of the tools that we are familiar with.**Understanding problems in the context of 5 purposeful activities enables us to identify the type of problem and a methodology for addressing it.

    How often have you asked What is the issue? and gotten a one-word or simple phrase response? These responses are objective in other words they have no substance (context) or values (goals/parameters). Helping people identify the real problem is a part of diagnosis (later in the workshop).*Briefly describe how problems are often pigeon-holed into categories. Q- What are the down-sides to doing this? A- solutions may be pre-determined; the type of problem often dictates the type of solution

    *Not sure I like the word options either, but its better than using the word