safdarjung’s tomb


Upload: arushi-saraf

Post on 16-Aug-2015




3 download


  2. 2. WHO WAS SAFDARJUNG? Muhammad Muqim succeeded the throne of Oudh in 1739. Muhammad Shah, the then Mughal Emperor, awarded him with the title of Safdarjung because of his strong administrative and dictatorship skills. Safdarjung became the chief minister of the Mughal Empire when Muhammad Shahs son, Ahmad Shah, succeeded the throne. He became a powerful and central figure in the Delhi court during his reign as Chief Minister. Safdarjung misused his power to a great extent and hence was dismissed eventually in 1753. Safdarjung died in 1755 near Faizabad, where he made his military headquarter.
  3. 3. INSIGHTS INTO THE TOMB Nawab Shajaud Daula, son of Safdarjung, administered his fathers Tomb. The Tomb was constructed during the period when the Mughal Empire was declining. The architecture of this tomb resembles that of Taj Mahal and Humayuns Tomb. However parts of this monument show inaccuracies in symmetry and the use of inexpensive material depicts the state of penury of Mughal Empire. The Charbagh or gardens surrounding the mausoleum at the centre, enclosed by high walls, Safdarjungs Tomb is probably the last mausoleum built during Mughal Empire. Its significance lies in the fact that it symbolises the end of the era of Mughal Architecture which is appreciated and marvelled till date. Archaeological Survey of India has decribed it as the last flicker in the lamp of Mughal architecture".
  5. 5. I conducted an online survey related to Safdarjungs Tomb amongst the local residents. Survey included a questionnaire of 6 questions to get a brief insight into the knowledge about the Tomb amongst people Results and analysis of the survey are based on a sample of 72 respondents.
  6. 6. Q1:Which Heritage Site, in your opinion, is visited by maximum number of tourists everyday? 0.00% 10.00% 20.00% 30.00% 40.00% 50.00% 60.00% 70.00% 80.00% 90.00% RED FORT HUMAYUN'S TOMB SAFDARJUNG'S TOMB 88.89% 6.94% 4.17%
  7. 7. Q2:Have you visited Safdarjung's tomb before? 0.00% 10.00% 20.00% 30.00% 40.00% 50.00% 60.00% 70.00% 80.00% 76.06% 14.49%
  8. 8. Q3:If yes, What made you visit this monument? 0.00% 10.00% 20.00% 30.00% 40.00% 50.00% 60.00% ACADEMIC PURPOSES TOURISM FAMILY OUTING 4.55% 54.55% 40.91%
  9. 9. 0.00% 5.00% 10.00% 15.00% 20.00% 25.00% 30.00% 35.00% 40.00% 45.00% 50.00% ARCHITECTURE HISTORY GRANDEUR OF THIS SITE 49.23% 31.54% 19.23% Q4:What Attracted You The Most About This Monument?
  10. 10. Q5:If your answer to 2nd question is no, what are the reason(s) for not visiting this monument? 0.00% 10.00% 20.00% 30.00% 40.00% 50.00% 60.00% NOT AWARE OF THIS MONUMENT NOT A WHS SITE LACK OF PROPER CONSERVATION 57.41% 40.74% 11.11%
  11. 11. Q6:If given a chance, Would you like to explore Safdarjungs Tomb? 0.00% 10.00% 20.00% 30.00% 40.00% 50.00% 60.00% 70.00% 80.00% 90.00% YES NO 85.51% 14.49%
  12. 12. CONCLUSIONS: The survey shows that this monument is least popular amongst other Mughal Monuments in comparison. As many as 31% of the visitors who explored this monument, explore it for its history as well as for its architecture. Henceforth its history has a crucial place in Indian History. Lack of proper awareness is what is keeping the visitors away. Moreover, 40% of the respondents didnt visit this site since it was not recognised as a World Heritage Site. 85% of the respondents have the enthusiasm to visit this site and believe that with proper awareness , conversation initiatives by the government and being recognised globally can help to restore its
  13. 13. INTERVIEW WITH THE TICKETING OFFICER Safdarjungs Tomb is visited by 500-600 visitors each day. The officer believes that due to lack of awareness amongst the tourists as well as the locals, this monument is losing its importance over time. Declaring it a World Heritage Monument would help restore its place in history (Contains video)
  14. 14. WHY A WORLD HERITAGE SITE? The UNESCO recognises a particular site as World Heritage Site when at least 1 of the 10 criterion is met by that site. One of the criteria under Cultural Criteria includes: "to bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared. The above criteria is met by Safdarjungs Tomb as it has a unique place in the history of Mughal Architecture. While all other Mughal monuments represent the power they had during their time or to commemorate the dead rulers. All such monuments are intricately handcrafted and are considered architectural marvels. However Safdarjungs Tomb is one such monument based on Mughal Architecture which lacks architectural precision and is constructed of cheap material. This signifies the state of penury of the Mughal Kings as well as the fall of the Mughal Empire. Moreover it is considered to be the last monument constructed during Mughal Rule. Hence it deserves the recognition of a World Heritage Site.
  15. 15. RECOMMENDATI ONS Tourism companies can be given incentives to organise field trips to this Heritage Site. Government of India should promote this monument through various advertising campaigns conducted domestically and internationally. Light and Sound shows can be organised using the latest laser technology to attract more tourists. Generating the requisite awareness amongst the locals and the tourists can help uplifting its Heritage importance. Moreover many of the respondents who didnt visit this monument showed keen interest to explore this unexplored heritage. RECOMMENDATIONS
  18. 18. THANK YOU!