samuel steman haldeman 1812 - 1880 ca 1850 ca 1880

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Samuel Steman Haldeman 1812 - 1880 ca 1850 ca 1880

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Page 1: Samuel Steman Haldeman 1812 - 1880 ca 1850 ca 1880

Samuel Steman Haldeman

1812 - 1880

ca 1850 ca 1880

Page 2: Samuel Steman Haldeman 1812 - 1880 ca 1850 ca 1880

Early Life

• Oldest of seven children

• Born in Bainbridge, PA

• Collected native American artifacts for his own museum

• Also collected animal and plant specimens - skeletons- shells from along Susquehanna River

1844 "I collected shells on the banks of the Susquehanna long before I knew the meaning of genus and species." 

Page 3: Samuel Steman Haldeman 1812 - 1880 ca 1850 ca 1880

Adult Life

• Not very religious, however born Protestant, but converted to Catholic

• Married 1835 Mary Hough of Bainbridge

• New home Chickies Rock, Marietta– Designed home– Designed grounds with native trees and

shrubs

– Two sons and two daughters

Page 4: Samuel Steman Haldeman 1812 - 1880 ca 1850 ca 1880

Education

• Attended Classical Academy in Harrisburg

• Attended Dickinson College, PA

• Chose to ‘self educate’

Page 5: Samuel Steman Haldeman 1812 - 1880 ca 1850 ca 1880

Self educated by:

– Attending lectures

– Recording natural history observations

– Taxidermy from a traveling minister

– Generated a scientific library

– Generated a linguistics library

– At 23 refuted Locke’s “moon hoax”

(Turning point in his scientific career)

Page 6: Samuel Steman Haldeman 1812 - 1880 ca 1850 ca 1880

Turning point: Haldeman’s scientific career

– At 23 refuted Locke’s “moon hoax”

Great-Moon-Hoax-1835-New-York-Sun-lithograph-298px.jpg

Page 7: Samuel Steman Haldeman 1812 - 1880 ca 1850 ca 1880

Practical experience

• Silent partner in Iron business

• Assisted father in saw mill business

• Wrote articles on Blast and anthracite furnaces, Silliman’s Journal (1840’s)

• Manager, the First National Bank of Marietta

• Color copperplate engravings of original shells and animals (1845)

Page 8: Samuel Steman Haldeman 1812 - 1880 ca 1850 ca 1880

Next 45 years devoted to Science

• 1836- Assistant to NJ geological survey

• PA geological survey

• Discovered new genus and species of fossil plant

• Explores many arenas of scientific study

Page 9: Samuel Steman Haldeman 1812 - 1880 ca 1850 ca 1880

Academic Accomplishments

• 1841 Professor of Zoology, Franklin Institute

• 1844 membership in the American Association for the Advancement of Science

• 1852 Chemist and geologist at PA Agricultural Society

• 1855 -1858 Professor of Natural History Delaware College at Newark

• University of Pennsylvania– 1850 - 1853 Professor of Natural History– 1876 – 1888 Professor of Comparative Philology

Page 10: Samuel Steman Haldeman 1812 - 1880 ca 1850 ca 1880

Academic Accomplishments

• First to reform English words

• Corresponded with Noah Webster

•  Also contributed to Worchester's Dictionary,  National Dictionary, Johnson's Cyclopedia. 

• Studied languages of native American (Indian) tribes

• Most outstanding accomplishment was his work on the evolution of speech sounds

Page 11: Samuel Steman Haldeman 1812 - 1880 ca 1850 ca 1880

Haldeman and Darwin• AAAS presented "Enumeration of the Recent Freshwater

Mollusk Which are Common to North America and Europe, with Observations on Species and their Distribution." 

• 1858 In preface to Darwin’s Origin of Species

Darwin stated "In 1843-44 Professor Haldeman (Boston Journal of Natural History, United States, Vol. IV, pg. 468) has ably given the arguments for and against the hypothesis of the development and modification of species:  he seems to lean towards the side of change." 

• Only American Naturalist Charles Darwin corresponded with whose opinion he valued highly

Page 12: Samuel Steman Haldeman 1812 - 1880 ca 1850 ca 1880

Academic Accomplishments• Elected to 28 honorary societies

• Started Entomological Society of Pennsylvania

• President The American Philological Association

• Published > 100 papers on numerous topics including: – philology– phonography– Ethnology– Aatural history

- Archaeology– Aonchology – Crustacea

- Entomology   – Arachnidae – Annelids  – Geology– Chemistry

Page 13: Samuel Steman Haldeman 1812 - 1880 ca 1850 ca 1880

Major Writings

• > 150 papers

• A Monograph of the Limniades and other Fresh-Water Univalve Mollusca of United States.

• Pennsylvania Farm Journal

http://www.lancasterhistory.org/collections/archives/manuscrp/mg-0344.html

Page 14: Samuel Steman Haldeman 1812 - 1880 ca 1850 ca 1880

Legacy

• Self educated, published in many disciplines

• Major American influence on Darwin’s ideas in Origin of Species

• Major influence on the study of evolution of speech

• Attention to detail, astute observational skills a major attribute, along with hard work - key to success

Page 15: Samuel Steman Haldeman 1812 - 1880 ca 1850 ca 1880

Works Cited

• http://www.haldemanmansion.org/Haldeman_Biography.htm

• http://digital.library.villanova.edu/files/CatholicaCollection/AmericanCatholicHistoricalSociety/Records/Volume9/00013/00002.jpg

• http://www.lancasterhistory.org/collections/archives/manuscrp/mg-0344.html