test review packet #5 organisms. plant and animal cell parts nucleus - controls cell activities,...
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Test Review Packet #5Test Review Packet #5
Plant and Animal Cell PartsPlant and Animal Cell Parts Nucleus - Controls cell activities, store genetic material Nucleus - Controls cell activities, store genetic material Cytoplasm - Thick fluid where life processes occurCytoplasm - Thick fluid where life processes occur Cell membrane - The “skin” of the cell which regulates Cell membrane - The “skin” of the cell which regulates
what goes in and out of the cellwhat goes in and out of the cell Mitochondria - Where food is burned “respiration”. The Mitochondria - Where food is burned “respiration”. The
power housepower house Ribosome - Synthesis, where proteins are madeRibosome - Synthesis, where proteins are made Lysosomes - Digestion, digestive enzymes are stored Lysosomes - Digestion, digestive enzymes are stored
therethere Vacuole - Where digestion occurs and excess fluid is Vacuole - Where digestion occurs and excess fluid is
storedstored Chloroplasts - Photosynthesis, glucose is produced in Chloroplasts - Photosynthesis, glucose is produced in
green plantsgreen plants
Animal Cell Plant CellAnimal Cell Plant Cell
Plant and Animal CellsPlant and Animal Cells
Plants have a cell wall.Plants have a cell wall. gives shape and gives shape and
support to the cellsupport to the cell Plants have Plants have
chloroplasts chloroplasts Contain chlorophyll Contain chlorophyll
which helps them make which helps them make their own food.their own food.
Animal cells have Animal cells have centrioles centrioles help in cell division.help in cell division.
Life Processes – NutritionLife Processes – Nutrition Plants – Green plants Plants – Green plants
make food by make food by photosynthesis. photosynthesis.
Glucose and oxygen Glucose and oxygen are produced.are produced.
Animals – get Animals – get nutrients from eating nutrients from eating plants and animals.plants and animals.
Ingestion –Ingestion – Digestion –Digestion – Elimination - Elimination -
TransportTransport Water is necessary Water is necessary
for life and transportfor life and transport Water helps move Water helps move
materials in an materials in an organism organism
Helps produce food in Helps produce food in plantsplants
Helps blood carry Helps blood carry nutrients to cells and nutrients to cells and carries waste away carries waste away from them. from them.
Respiration/ExcretionRespiration/Excretion Respiration is the release of Respiration is the release of
energy from food.energy from food. Animals, Animals, sugar + oxygen = sugar + oxygen =
energy + carbon dioxide + energy + carbon dioxide + waterwater
Plants, Plants, energy + carbon energy + carbon dioxide + water = sugar + dioxide + water = sugar + oxygenoxygen
Excretion is the elimination of Excretion is the elimination of waste.waste.
Waste like carbon dioxide is Waste like carbon dioxide is carried by blood and filtered carried by blood and filtered through exhaling, perspiration through exhaling, perspiration and urinating. and urinating.
Regulation/ReproductionRegulation/ReproductionRegulation is an Regulation is an
organisms response organisms response to environment to environment changes.changes.
Maintaining a Maintaining a constant internal constant internal environment is called environment is called homeostasis.homeostasis.
Two types of Two types of reproduction Sexual reproduction Sexual and Asexual.and Asexual.
Asexual ReproductionAsexual Reproduction Involves only one Involves only one
parent.parent.Offspring are Offspring are
identical to the identical to the parent.parent.
3 types – binary 3 types – binary fission, budding, fission, budding, and regeneration.and regeneration.
Sexual ReproductionSexual Reproduction Two parentsTwo parents Offspring has traits Offspring has traits
of both parents.of both parents. Female produces Female produces
egg cell egg cell male produces male produces
sperm cell.sperm cell. When the two cells When the two cells
join, it is called join, it is called fertilization.fertilization.
GrowthGrowthMetamorphosis is Metamorphosis is
the change in a the change in a creature as it creature as it grows into an grows into an adult.adult.
The organism The organism grows and grows and produces offspring.produces offspring.
This is the life This is the life cycle.cycle.