The Biggest Do Best

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Nonferrovs Prices Expected to Rise 40-Cents p e r lb. Capper Lead Zinc Black bars indicate current prices; white bars 1 9 5 9 to 1961 prices now back in operation, although under new rules . Suspension of the barter program was followed by a sharp drop in lead and zinc prices. In turn a serious situation was created for domestic mining companies. These firms have demandedand will get, says Zimmerman higher import duties that will check foreign metal influx into the U. S. With lead, duties now run 1.06 cents a pound. Zinc's du ty is 0.7 cent; domestic firms w-ant 2.1 cents per pound. The Emergency Lead and Zinc Committee ha s asked t h e Tariff Commission meanwhile, to look into the effect of lead and zinc imports on domestic miners. However, the commission is still studying the request and has not yet decided whether to take any action. Firms also want a higher duty for copper, adds Zimmerman. The present duty is 2 cents p e r pound (now suspended h u t reimposed if price goes he-low 24 cents a p o u n d ) . T h e industry wants a 4-cent duty if price goes below 30 cents a pound. Higher import duties on lead , zinc, and copper will serve to raise domestic pr ices of these metals, Zimmerman concludes. Longer Out look. U. S. needs for copper, lead, and zinc have exceeded domestic production for several years. "It seems safe to predic t that this condition wil l continue through the midterm 1959 to 1961, assuming there are no large scale international upheavals, no deep depressions, and no prolonged labor trouble," Charles H. Winship, Jr., Phelphs Dodge, told N I C B . For t h e mid-term period, the biggest consumer worry is availability. But projections indicate enough metal will b e around. Properties which operate now, plus those that will run by 1960, should provide enough copper, lead, a n d zinc, Winship explains. Producers, on the other hand, will worry over demand . No doubt production will be interrupted a t times, a n d there will be periods when consumption will vary from expected rates. Bu t these periods will be short ones. T h e industry can expect production a n d consumption to be relatively stable without feverish inventory reductions or accumulations. Consumption Est imates . Winship predicts the free world will consume newly mined nonferrous metals by 1960 as follows: * Copper, 3.6 to 4.0 million short tons. * Lead, 2.1 to 2.3 million short tons. * Zinc, 2.5 to 2.7 million short tons. The Biggest Do Best Rate of Return on Stockholders Investment, 1 955 4 Largest H H B O t h e r Companies H H B Companies Industrial Chemicals Petroleum Refining Tires and Inner Tubes Paper and Allied Products Glass Sources Federal T r a d e Commission In the process industries, largest companies show the highest return on stockholders' investment ou DON'T HAVE x o BE BIG to make money, but perhaps it helps. At least, that's what a recently released report from the Federal T rade Commission indicates. During the postwar years, the FTC study indicates, the four largest corporations in five major chemical process industries consistently turned in a greater rate of return (after taxes) on stockholders' investment than the average return for a group of other firms in t h e same industry. Figures for 1955 ( chart ) are typical for process industry firms over the entire 1947-55 period. Among industrial chemical firms, for instance, F T C finds that the four larges t ( D u Pont , Union Carbide, Allied Chemical, D o w ) have earned an average return ranging from 26.49c in 1950 down to 17.7% in 1953. In 1955, their ra te hit 24.69c. On the other hand, 21 smaller firms made their best showing in 1950, also, when t hey averaged I T . 1 % . Average return on investment for this group dropped to low of 9 .8% i n 1954, but rebounded to 12.8% in 1955. Chemical firms, as a g roup , do very well. In 1955, only motor vehicle and equipment manufacturers did better than the 25 chemical companies ' avera g e of 20 .2%. T h e even higher return chalked up b y the four biggest companies is largely due to Du Pont's excellent showing. Du Pont earned 3 4 . 1 % on stockholders' investment in 1955. Carbide's return amounted to 20.0% . Dow and Allied trailed off t o 14.6% and 12. Ki respectively. O C T . 2 1, J 957 C &EN 17 INDUSTRY & BUSINESS And, he adds, free world capacity should meet these estimates. Winship also makes some price pre-dictions for the mid-term 1959 to 1961 period: Copper, now 27 cents, should near 30 to 35 cents per pound Lead, now 14 cents, should reach 15 to 17 cents per pound Zinc, now 10 cents, around 13 to 15 cents per pound But, cautions Winship, many noneco-nomic factors can affect future prices. These include government purchases (either direct or through barter pro-grams) , sales by government agencies outside the U. S., or import and export restrictions. Scmdoz Net Up Our 1957 rundown of last year's earnings for several Swiss chemical companies (C&EN, May 27, page 62) indicated a decline in net income for Sancloz between 1955 and 1956. The apparent decline, however, results from a change in the company's method of computing its profits, rather than a drop in actual net income. Sandoz's earn-ings of 16,380,000 Swiss francs last year (as we reported) should have been compared with earnings of 15,-361,000 Swiss francs in 1955, after de-duction of a pension plan contribution of 4 million francs. Last year's net in-come for Sandoz, therefore, actually was about 7'' 'c above comparable earn-ings for the previous year. Carbide's "Uranium Story" Union Carbide is sitting down this week totaling up the results of the first year's showing of its 16-mm. color movie, "The Petrified River," and dis-covering that it is well on the way to becoming the most successful industrial movie ever made. During its first year of distribution, it has had 16,115 show-ings before schools and service groups to more than a million people and to another 15.5 million home viewers via TV. In addition, it was selected for presentation at the 1956 Edinburgh film festival. Some 500 prints are now in circula-tion, including 11 with foreign language sound tracks. Some 50 to 80 million people are expected to see it in a four-or five-year period. This would sur-pass the record set by Ford's "American Cowboy," which was shown to 40 mil-lion over a four-to five-year span. The movie is subtitled "The Uranium Story," and traces uranium from the time rocks and radioactive materials were laid clown eons ago by a vast inland sea, how -uranium is mined and milled, and how the atom's energy is working for peaceful purposes. The photo below (taken from the picture ) depicts a sinuous, weathered sandstone formation which underlies sizeable uranium deposits, as viewed from the mouth of an abandoned Colorado mine, Briefs . . Texas Eastern Transmission has filed a $32 million civil suit in U. S. District Court in New Orleans against nine barge firms, three oil firms, and one in-dividual. Texas Eastern 'charges that since 1952 defendants have conspired to restrict competition with barge op-erators by any pipeline carrying clean petroleum products refined in the Texas-Louisiana-Arkansas area to the Midwest. Defendants' actions have de-layed conversion of Little Big Inch pipeline to petroleum products service. Federal Power Commission authorized View from portal of abandoned Colorado mine shows horizontal formations of sandstone- Uranium deposits are usually found about 200 feet above sandstone 2 8 C & E N OCT. 21 , 1957 INDUSTRY & BUSINESS conversion this June and work began immediately; expected completion elate was this September. Diamond Alkali and Salem-Brosius, inc., have completed arrangements to conduct research and development on a new experimental furnace for continu-ous tonnage chlorination of refractory ores. Texas Eastman is now in commercial production of neopentyl glycol at Long-view, Tex. Designed for a capacity of several million pounds a year, operating efficiencies of the new plant are allow-ing Eastman Chemical Products, which handles sales, to cut the price from 45 to 37 cents a pound. Union Carbide's Baklite Division expects a 30rA increase in the produc-tion capacity of VYHH type vinyl resins when its expansion program, now under way at Texas City, Tex., is completed in the spring of 1958, VYHH type resin is a copolymer of vinyl chloride and vinyl acetate . American Cyanamid's Formica Di-vision expects a 30CA increase in pro-duction at its Evendale, Ohio, plant when its expansion project is completed in the spring of 1958. Firestone plans to expand operations at its Orange, Tex., butadiene plant.-, Phillips Petroleum will catalvticallv convert normal pentane to isopentane in new units being built at its Borger, Tex., refinery. These units, which use the Penex process developed hy Uni-versal Oil Products, will have a capacity of 13,500 barrels per day. Pacific Vegetable Oil Corp. continues its expansion program with plans for a new $135,000 office and laboratory building at Richmond, Cal. The com-pany put into operation a new Blaw-Knox Desolventizer-Toaster for solvent extraction in July and is completing stainless steel kettle installations for processing and heat treating vegetable oils. National Gypsum buys another plant Connecticut Adamant Plaster Co. of New Havenat a reported price ex-ceeding $1 million. Plant formerly made gypsum wall board only, bu t it (Continued on page 31 ) EMPLOYMENT (Chemicals) THOUSANDS OF WORKERS Source: U. S. Deportment of Labor & CHEMICALS & ALLIED PRODUCTS 200 100 V & ~ ~ INDUSTRIAL O R G A N I C **k * % - % ^ -ik* 3^1 INDUSTRIAL IIMORGAMIC *>* ^ * 1955 a: 1956 T T r July -316.0 1957 July O C T . 21 , 1957 C & E N 2 9 INDUSTRY & B U S I N E S S C & E N P R O G R E S S R E P O R T Expansion in the Chemical Industry Here are companies mak ing news last month, add ing to the chemical process industries by . . . PLANNING . . . Company and Site Air Reduction Calvert Caty, Ky. Alabama Metallurgical Selma, Ala. Dow Chemical Co. Bay City, Mich. Foster Grant Co. Baton Rouge, La. Merck & C o . R. h way, . J. Hercules Powder Co. Hercules, Calif. Minnesota Mining & Mfg. Co. site unknown Phillips Petroleum Co. near Grants, . . Plant or Unit Vinyl acetate Primary magnesium plant Polyethylene plant Styrene monomer plant High purity silicon Urea plant Ceramic fuel elements p lant Uranium ore processing mill Size Expands capacity 50r/< to 45 million pounds a year 6000 tons a year Multimillion dollar $5.4 million, increase capacity to 105 million pounds a year Pilot plant and full-scale plants 10,000 tons a year Pilot plant quanti ty 1725 tons a dav STARTING CONSTRUCTION . Emkay Chemical Elizabeth, N. J. A. R. Maas Chemical Richmond, Calif. Monsanto Chemical Co. Springfield, Mass. Norwich Pharmacal Co. Woods Corner, . . Olin Mathieson Chemical Corp. Montville, Conn. L. Sonneborn Sons Petrolia, Pa. Chemical specialties plant Phosphoric acid and catalyst plant High impact styrene plant Nitrofuran drug plant Assembly plant for nuclear core reactors Microcrystalline wax plant Will double capacity $350,000 Increase production from pilot plant quantities STARTiNG PRODUCTION . . . Allied Chemical & Dye Corp., Solvay Process Division Brunswick, Ga. Electro Metallurgical Co. Alloy, W . Va. Food Machinery & Chemical Corp. Westvaco Mineral Products Division Newark, Calif. Metal Hydrides, Inc. Danvers, Mass. Pittsburgh Coke & Chemical Co. Neville Island, Pa. Vanadium Corp. of America near Steubenville, Ohio Chlorine-caustic soda plant Ferroalloys plant Phosphoric acid and phosphate chemicals facilities Sodium borohydride plant Ferroalloys plant Ferroalloys plant Doubles capacity Increases capacity sixfold $5.5 million E D . N O T E : This is corrected version of table from C&EN, Oct. 7, page 29. 3 0 C&EN OCT. 2 i, 1 9 5 7 will b e e x p a n d e d to i n c l u d e a full l i ne of gypsum, b u i l d i n g m a t e r i a l s . G e n e r a l Electric has e x p a n d e d i ts Pi t tsf ie lc l Mass . , m a g n e s i u m o x i d e p l an t , d o u b l i n g c a p a c i t y . A b u l k - h a n d l ing s y s t e m , 4 0 0 - t o n s t o r a g e un i t , a n d t w o n e w 1 0 0 0 - k v a t r a n s f o r m e r s fo r c a r b o n - a r c fusing; f u r n a c e s h a v e b e e n i n s t a l l ed . L i n d e , d iv i s ion of U n i o n C a r b i d e , c o n t i n u e s the e x p a n s i o n of its T o n a w a n d a fac i l i t ies w i th p l a n s to b u i l d a h i g h p r e s s u r e l a b o r a t o r y , a m e t a l l u r g i c a l l a b o r a t o r y , a n d a n e w se rv i ce s b u i l d i n g . T h e h i g h p r e s s u r e l a b o r a t o r y will h a v e e q u i p m e n t c a p a b l e of p r o d u c i n g g a s a n d l i q u i d p r e s s u r e s u p t o 2 0 0 , 0 0 0 p .s . i . T h e me ta l l u rg i ca l l a b o r a t o r y wi l l c o n t a i n n e w e q u i p m e n t f o r d i e d e v e l o p m e n t of w e l d i n g p r o c e d u r e s on v a r i o u s m e t a l s , a n d wi l l i n c l u d e a n X- ray r o o m a n d a m i c r o g r a p h y s e c t i o n t o d e t e r m i n e g r a i n s t r u c t u r e s of m e t a l s . Ca ta l ys t s a n d Chemicals , Inc., a new firm i n t h e s p e c i a l t y c h e m i c a l s a n d c a t a l y s t field, has p u r c h a s e d a p l a n t f rom M e n g e l C o . i n Lou i sv i l l e . D a w e ' s L a b o r a t o r i e s is i n full sca le p r o d u c t i o n on s o d i u m g l u c o n a t e t e c h n i c a l a n d g l u c o n i c a c i d t e c h n i c a l 5 0 % a t t h e i r subs id ia ry , F e r m e n t a t i o n P r o d u c t s , N e w a y g o , M i c h . T h i s m a r k s D a w e ' s first d ive r s i f i ca t ion from feed a n d p h a r m a c e u t i c a l v i t amin p r o d u c t i o n in 30 y e a r s . Ph i l l ips C h e m i c a l has s t a r t e d m a k i n g e t h y l e n e a t its n e w 180 m i l l i o n - p o u n d -a - y e a r p l a n t at S w e e n y , T e x . C o m p a n y says t h a t p l a n t h a s b e e n b u i l t s o p r o d u c t i o n c a n easily b e i n c r e a s e d t o 2 9 0 m i l l i o n p o u n d s a y e a r . E t h y l e n e m a d e a t S w e e n y is u s e d t o m a k e M a r l e x r ig id p o l y e t h y l e n e a t t h e c o m p a n y ' s A d a m s T e r m i n a l c h e m i c a l fac i l i t ies o n t h e H o u s t o n sh ip c h a n n e l . E a s t m a n C h e m i c a l P r o d u c t s p l a n s t o c o n s t r u c t a n e w office, w a r e h o u s e , a n d t a n k f a r m for its Pacific C o a s t sales r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s , Wi l son a n d G e o r g e a n d C o . a n d W i l s o n M e y e r C o . T h e n e w u n i t s , s c h e d u l e d for c o m p l e t i o n in F e b . , 1 9 5 8 , wi l l be l o c a t e d i n L o s A n g e l e s . Elec t ro M e t a l l u r g i c a l o p e n s a n e w e n g i n e e r i n g c e n t e r for its e n g i n e e r i n g a n d c o n s t r u c t i o n d e p a r t m e n t at N i a g a r a F a l l s . T h e n e w q u a r t e r s , l o c a t e d in NEW! Safety factor 1Sinple-trip f>a< of one-pint si/e should result in better housekeeping. This feature offered at no increabe in price' Safety factor 2 aiet\ grip for pouring from 5-pint bottle. Safety factor 3Driphss sleeve on pouring lip of all 1-pint and 5-pmt bottles. EL _ Safety factor 4-Throw -awa\ bottles end j ^ W cartons reduce possibiliU of improper re-use. * ^ ^ Onenian can safely handle these light cartons. ilM"* Safety factor 5 Color coded caps and labels , i f On y o u r nex t o rde r spec i f y : DU PONT REAGENT ACIDS AND AMMONIA . . . safer to handle because of these packaging innovations DRIPLESS SLEEVES All bot t les of Du P o n t Reagents are now equipped with dripless polyethylene sleeves on t h e pour ing lips of the bot t les . Sa fe r , more accura te pour ing . . . n o dr ibbles to cause b u r n s or deface labels. T h e y also eliminate the r*rings" on l abora to ry shelves or benches where reagent b o t t l e s a r e placed. * SINGLE-TRIP, THROW-AWAY CARTONS Du Pont Reagents , both 1-pint and 5-pint sizes, a r e packed in single-trip bottles and c a r t o n s for extra convenience and e c o n o m y . Benefit from these advan tages : N o depos i t s Less bookkeeping N o r e t u r n s Less storage space Less f re ight Safer handl ing SAFETY GRIPS These new safety grips on all 5-pint bott les p rov ide a secure and convenient hold for lifting and p o u r i n g . . . a definite sa fe ty factor tha t will help prevent spills a n d b u r n s . Color coding is an addit ional safety feature o n D u P o n t Reagents . Dist inctively co lored labels, with matching bot t le caps, in su re unmis takab le identification. DU POINT REAGENTS MEET AND SURPASS A.C.S. AND ELECTRONIC GRADE SPECIFICATIONS. 3PUE REG. U.S. PAT. O f f THINGS FOR BETTER LIVING . . THROUGH CHEMISTRY J L F U R I C A C I D A M M O N I U M H Y D R O X I D E H Y D R O C H L O R I C A C I D N I T R I C A C I D * A C E T I C A C I D G L A C I A L GRASSELLI SALES OFFICES: Atlanta 8, Ga., 739 West Peachtree Street; Boston 10, Mass., 140 Federal Street; Chicago 32, 111., 4251 South Crawford Avenue; Cincinnati 1, Ohio, 603 Terrace Hilton Bldg.; Cleveland 14-, Ohio, 1321 National City Bank Bidg.; Detroit 35, Michigan, 13000 West 7 Mile Road; Milwaukee 13, Wise, 6500 West State Street; Minneapolis 2, Minn., 1207 Foshay Tower; New Haven 13, Conn.. 46 River Street; New York 1, . ., 350 Fifth Avenue; Wynnewood, Pa., 308 East Lancaster Ave.; Pittsburgh 19, Pa., 1715 Grant Bldg.; St. Louis 5, Mo., 10 S. Brentwood Blvd., Clayton. On West Coast: Braun-Knecht-Heimann Co., 1400 16th Street, San Francisco 19, Calif.; 650 West 8th South, Salt Lake City, Utah; Braun Corporation, 1363 South Bonnie Beach Place, Los Angeles 54, Calif.; 2930 West Osborne Road, Phoenix, Ariz.; Van Waters & Rogers. Inc., 4000 First Avenue South, Seattle 4, Wash.; 3950 Northwest Yeon, Portland. Oregon; 801 N . Washington, Spokane, Wash.,-Scientific Supplies Co., 600 Spokane St., Seattle 4, Washington; 713 S. W . 12th St., Portland, Oregon. In Canada: Du Pont Company of Canada (1956) Limited, Box 660, Montreal, P.Q., Canada. *Throw-aivay bottles in 5-pint size only. O C T . 2 1, 1957 C&F. 3 1 DU PONT REAGENTSinstrument abstracts Applied Physics Corporation /Pasadena /California Extension of Spectrophotometer Kange to 1860A Opens New Region for Analysis The extended ultraviolet wave-length range of the Cary Model 14 R e c o r d i n g S p e c t r o p h o t o m e t e r h a s opened a new region which will per-mi t a n a l y s i s o f a n u m b e r of com-pounds not previously adaptable to u l t r av io le t spec t rophotometry wi th s tandard ins t ruments . Accurate direct reading absorb-ance* to 1860A is now provided with the Model 14 through the use of opti-cal elements of increased ultraviolet efficiency in the double monochroma-t o r . T h e s p e c t r u m of me thy l e thy l ketone vapor, shown, indicates j u s t one class of compounds whose spectra in this region provide analytical pos-sibilities. In addition to ketones, it is 19O0A 20O0A 2100A The Cary Model 14 Spectrophotometer provides per formance to 1S60A, with possibilities for even shor te r wavelengths. Heretofore such per -formance was possible only o n custom made ins t ruments . Th is s p e c t r u m of methyl e thyl k e t o n e vapor i l lustrates t h e performance of t h e Model 14 in trie lower wavelength regions. likely t h a t alcohols, mono-olefines, aromatics and other compounds will also have useful spectra in this region. The pr ism-grat ing double mon-ochrornator of t he Model 14 is noted for i t s high resolving power with low scattered light (less than a p a r t pe r million) in the ultraviolet, visible and near infrared regions. By using the new, more efficient optical elements in this double monochromator, the ex-tended range is achieved. Th i s development is the result of cons t an t effort to improve t h e per-formance, reliability and usefulness of Cary i n s t rumen t s by taking full advantage of advancements in mate-rials, components and technology. F o r additional informat ion on the new Model 14 and other Cary in-s t ruments , write for Bulletin ACS-10. * By use of readily interchangeable slidewires, the Model 1U will also record directly in trans-mittancc, log absorbance or other special functions. & IMPROVED VIBRATING REED ELECTROMETER The wider choice of ranges means that u se r s can cover a wide range of input currents o r voltages with the F a s t e r , simpler measurement of s t a n d a r d Model 31 and one o r two radioactive isotopes, mass spectrom- input resistors, thus in many cases eter ion current , small pH changes, el iminating the need for special in-e tc t h e s e a n d o the r l a b o r a t o r y s t r u m e n t modifications and acces-problems involving measurement of v e r y s m a l l c h a r g e s , c u r r e n t s , a n d voltages a r e now made still simpler with the new Cary Model 31 Vibrat-ing Reed Electrometer t han by other methods. The new design provides ten opera t ing ranges from 1 millivolt full scale to 30 volts full scale. sories. T h e Cary Model 31 replaces the former Model 30 and provides all of the fea tures of the Model 30 plus the added advantages of the new ranges. A descriptive bulletin (No. ACE-10) and i n f o r m a t i o n on app l i ca t ion to specific problems a r e available. Gary instruments: SPECTROPHOTOMETERS RAMAN SPECTROGRAPH VIBRATING REED AMPLIFIERS INFRARED ANALYZERS ELECTROMETERS ULTRAVIOLET ANALYZERS I N D U S T R Y & BUSINESS the original Shredded Wheat building, have 49,000 sq. ft. of gross floor area. At present, 170 people are employed at the engineering center. Cary Chemicals has completed a new 12 million-pound-per-year poly (vinyl chloride) plant at Flemington, N. J. T h e plant, which uses the suspension process, was buil t by Scientific Design. Newpor t Indus t r ies Co., division of Heyden Newport Chemical Corp., has opened a new S 3 million naval stores plant a t Telogia, Fla. Plant will pro-duce F F grade rosin, turpentine, pine oil, and dipenterae. Flintkote has formally opened its new gypsum products plant in Sweetwater, Tex. The multimillion dollar plant Process !n dijstnes Tre nds INDUSTRIAL EXPLOSIVES Sh prr ents of Black Blast ng Powde ond Hoh txplosv s Ml lon i of Po nds w*\ &B *& $^* 5fo* &*fcTSfe ' 7 3 . 8 July Sou ce J S Depf of Co ne ci i*>*. , ! < TM- i r r i f r t n i ' 1 1 9 5 6 1957 APPLIED PHYSICS CORPORATION / 3 6 2 WEST COLORADO STREET / PASADENA 1 / CALIFORNIA ^>^A^^vt^yrrv;^.,/ ~^>~~ NEW CONSTRUCTION A l l Types B i l l i o n s o f D o l l a r s Sou te U S Depl o Co **> *..*.* "*>- .., PLANT EXPENDITURES / l l Wan ( u c t u r n g Including Equ pment Sourie U S bnd of Quar ters Bi l lons o f Dol lar ! Dept of Commerce .! I l l ^^t^^r^r-t T t f 3 2 C & E N O C T . 2 1, 1 9 5 7 CARY; TOMORROW'S PRODUCTS TODAY. ..THROUGH ENJAY PETROGHEMICALS that add that professional touch! With the modern trend of "do-it-yourself," easy-to-apply latex paints are a growing favorite with today's home-owners. Increased competition for a share of this rapidly expanding market makes it essential for manufacturers to obtain top-quality raw materials for their products. Enjay Butadiene, like all Enjay petrochemicals, meets rigid specifications for purity and uniformity and is excellent for the manufacture of high-quality latex paints. For technical assistance in the application of Enjay Butadiene or any other of the many Enjay petrochemicals to your product, the recently expanded Enjay Laboratories offer the industry's most modern testing and research facilities. Write or phone for complete information. Enjay offers a widely diversified line of Petrochemicals for industry: ALCOHOLS & SOLVENTS: Lower Alcohols, Oxo Alcohols, Ketones and Solvents; OIL & FUEL IMPROVERS: Detergent-Inhibitors, V-I Improvers, Oxidation-Inhibitors; CHEMICAL RAW MATERIALS: Olefins, Diolefins, Aromatics; ENJAY BUTYL RUBBER & VISTANEX. ENJAY COMPANY, INC., 15 W. 51st STREET, NEW YORK 19, . . Akron, Boston, Chicago, Detroit, Los Angeles, New Orleans, Tulsa O C T . 2 I, I 9 5 7 C & E N 3 3 Pioneer in Petrochemicals BASIC INGREDIENTSENJAYINDUSTRY & BUSINESS marks its entry into the gypsum business. Later t he company will open a new building materials plant at Ennis, Tex., some 225 miles to t he east. > Shawinigcn Resins' new $1 million unit to make Gelvatol, polyvinyl alcohol, is in full production after being on stream for the past few months. This new plant, producing a full line of 12 different grades which vary in molecular weight and degree of hydrolysis, supplements t h e small-scale production facilities which have been in operation for some time. Stanford Research institute is adding a $500,000 metallurgical laboratory. All equipment will be installed by Jan. 1. Facilities for metallography and electrochemistry are complete. General Mills and Pacific Vegetable Oil Corp- will join in the development of the safflower seed crop in the Western Great Plains area. The use of > 'J * Wat ^ m m 1 v * * v FINGERPRINT ORGANICS THE B E N C H with the B e c k m a n IB-5 Double-Beam Infrared Spectrophotometer Backed by thousands of IR, reference spectra, Beckman's low-cost IR-5 Double-Beam Spectrophotometer brings the benefits of infrared analysis right to the bench of every chemical laboratory, And with these benefits, the IR-5 brings features previously found only in more expensive infrared spectrophotometers: a flat-bed recorder that produces a 2-16 micron spectrum on a fall-size chart; a hermetically-sealed monochromator for protection against dust, moisture, and. corrosive fumes; and capabilities a s either a double-beam or single-beam instrument. With simple, push-button operation; wide range of sampling accessories; and high resolution and reproducibility; the Beckrnan double-beam IR-5 and single-beam IR- a r e making qualitative and quantitative IR analysis a practical tool for the chemist, and a simple solution, for t h e spectroscopies routine work. Contact your nearest Beckrnan regional office for a demonstration, or write for Data File ^L-SSA-IS Beckrnai Scimtific Instruments Division 2500 Full&rton Road, Fullerton, California. a division of Beckrnan Instruments, Inc. safflower oil in paints and varnishes has been increasing rapidly, and it has at-, tracted interest as an edible oil. Catalin Corp. and Cie Centrale Rousselot of Paris, France, will exchange technical information and "know-how" under the terms of a five year license agreement. Catalin will disclose to Rousselot its formulas and technical information pertaining to phenolic resins and permit Rousselot to manufacture in Sweden, Switzerland, and European NATO countries. In return, Catalin will receive payment on a royalty basis and information on processes developed by the French firm. Dow Chemical will offer 200,000 shares of common stock to employees of the company, it subsidiaries, and certain associated companies. The new offering, known as the 1957-58 Employees' Stock Purchase Plan, will be available to 30,000 eligible employees. Mergers . . Liquid Carbonic 's merger into General Dynamics (C&EN, Sept. 9., page 93) has been approved by stockholders of both firms. The deal, in which Carbonic stock was exchanged for shares of General Dynamics, became effective Sept. 30. Merger of Pf audler Co. a n d Permutit Co. to f o rm Pfaudler Permutit, Inc., (C&EN, July 15, page 7) became effective this month. Pfaudler stockholders get 1.429 shares, Permutit shareowners one share of the new firm for each share they owned. Boards of the two companies will be combined without change12 directors from Pfaudler and five from Permutit. Ideal Cement has completed its acquisit ion of Northwestern Portland Cement Co. in exchange for 38,756 shares of capital stock. Beckrnan Instruments has acquired the outstanding stock of Arnold O. Beckrnan, Inc., South Pasadena, Calif., manufacturer of oxygen analyzers. Cost to Beckrnan Instruments: 28,500 shares of its common stock. Victoreen Instrument (Cleveland, Ohio) has purchased t h e assets of Jordan Electronics, producer of nuclear radiation instruments and detection equipment. Present Jordan management will continue operations at its Alhambra, Calif., plant. 3 4 C & E N O C T . 2 1 , 1957 The Biggest Do BestSandoz Net UpCarbide's "Uranium Story"Briefs...Mergers...C&EN PROGRESS REPORT