the great war “world war one”
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DESCRIPTIONThe Great War “World War One”. Causes. Immediate cause: assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand Heir to the Austria-Hungarian throne Primary Causes M: Militarism A: Alliances I: Imperialism N: Nationalism. MILITARISM. Build up of huge standing armies and navies - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
The Great WarWorld War One
CausesImmediate cause: assassination of Archduke Franz FerdinandHeir to the Austria-Hungarian throne
Primary CausesM: Militarism
MILITARISMBuild up of huge standing armies and naviesArms race between Germany and Great Britain to build warshipsGerman U-BoatsSubmarinesUsed for blockadesLeads to unrestricted submarine warfare
German WWI U-boats
ALLIANCESTriple AllianceGermany, Italy, Austria-HungaryAH blames Serbia for assassination, looks for Germany backingAH declares war on Serbia, Germany declares war on Russia and then France
Triple Entente (Allied powers)France, Russia, Great Britainlater joined by the U.S. When Austria declares war on Serbia, the Serbs will turn to Russia for assistance
European nations fight over colonies in Asia and Africa
NATIONALISMExtreme pride in ones country or ethnic groupLeads to military build up due to military competition between countriesSelf-determination: people who belong to a nation should have their own country and governmentthe BalkansArea ruled by Austria-Hungary and Ottoman EmpireSerbs, Bosnians, Croats, Slovenes see themselves as one peoplePush for independence
Assassination of Archduke Ferdinandthe spark that starts the war!!
June 28, 1914: Archduke Ferdinand and his wife visit Bosnian capital of SarajevoShot by Bosnian revolutionaryMember of group Black Handsaid that Serbian officials knew of plot
Let the crazy alliance system begin!!
SLUTZ Reasons why the United States entered WWI
U: Unrestricted submarine warfare
T: Ties with Great Britain
Z: Zimmerman note
SUSSEXThe Sussex: French merchant ship sunk by German U-boats1916
b/c Germany didnt want U.S. to enter war, agrees to Sussex pledgeGermany promises not to sink anymore merchant/civilian ships without warning
LUSITANIAMay 7, 1915
British luxury liner sunk by German U-boats1,200 passengers killed128 Americans
Unrestricted Submarine WarfareFeb 1915Germany announces unrestricted U-boat attacks even on civilian vessels
Aimed to destroy British supply lines
No ship safe regardless of what flag they flew!
Feb 3- March 21, 1917 U-boats sink 6 U.S. merchant ships w/o warning
TIES WITH BRITAINAmerican connections with British culture
Zimmerman NoteJanuary 19, 1917
German ambassador writes to MexicoPromises to help Mexico regain lost territories of TX, NM, AZ If Mexico allied itself with Germany were the U.S. and Germany to go to war
Letter leaked to the press
On the first of February, we intend to begin unrestricted submarine warfare. In spite of this, it is our intention to endeavor to keep the United States of America neutral. In the event of this not succeeding, we propose an alliance on the following basis with Mexico: That we shall make war together and make peace together. We shall give generous financial support, and an understanding on our part that Mexico is to reconquer the lost territory in New Mexico, Texas, and Arizona. The details of settlement are left to you. You are instructed to inform the President [of Mexico] of the above in the greatest confidence as soon as it is certain that there will be an outbreak of war with the United States and suggest that the President, on his own initiative, invite Japan to immediate adherence with this plan; at the same time, offer to mediate between Japan and ourselves. Please call to the attention of the President that the ruthless employment of our submarines now offers the prospect of compelling England to make peace in a few months.
U.S. at WAR!
April 2, 1917 President Wilson asks Congress for declaration of war